First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

From all these errors and superstitions they were converted to Christianity by Jerome, a native of Prague, who at the time that the Hussite heresy originated fled from Bohemia to Poland, and received from Wladislaus, the Polish king, a letter of recommendation to Vitoldus, the Lithuanian prince, and rooted out the aforesaid heresies among the people.


The Russians border on the Lithuanians, and are a coarse and unskilled people. In this country lies the city of Novgorod, to which the German merchants travel under great difficulty. It is rich in possessions, and much silver, and costly raw material are bought and sold there. Silver is weighed and not used in minted form. There is a square stone in this market. He who succeeds in mounting it, and is not thrown off, is invested with the government of the city.


Estonia (German Esthland, or Eifland) is the last region and province of the Christians. It borders on Russia to the north. The Tartars often sally into this region. The Teutonic Knights conquered this country with the sword and converted it to the Christian faith. Before then it was heathen and idolatrous. To the west the region borders on the Baltic Sea. Although this region was not known to the Greeks and Italians as it is now, the Christian faith opened this part of the world to our people, removing the coarseness of these barbarians and introducing morals into their lives.


Between Estonia and Prussia lies a small country, probably only a day’s journey in width, but very extensive from Prussia to Estonia. Therein live a people called the Massagetae. It is neither heathen nor really Christian; yet it is subject to the domination of Poland. From thence the Polish kingdom extends to the sea.