First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

where, according to ancient custom, and in the presence of Duke Albert, he received the fief from the emperor and took the oath of homage. Ere long Albert returned to Vienna with Sigismund, and they confederated against the emperor in order to bring Austria under their power. When the emperor noted these things he decided to go to Vienna, summoning to him Duke Ludwig of Bavaria, the great and renowned prince. He went to Vienna with the emperor and empress. The people came out of the city to meet them; and Dukes Albert and Sigismund also came with their nobles. Duke Albert had placed under arms about 3,000 horse, and these made themselves visible to the emperor on a bill not far from Vienna, causing the emperor great concern. Duke Albert increased the emperor’s suspicions by frequently riding to these troops and by holding secret conferences there. The captain of the troops is said to have remarked to Duke Albert, “If it pleases you, I can easily make you the master of Vienna and Austria on this day. No one can prevent it. I will capture the emperor and his retinue.” But Duke Albert hesitated, and later he said, "Had you done this without my knowledge, I might have overlooked it in you, but it does not become me to ask you to do it. Dukes Albert and Sigrnund were in a lodging called Praghof, while the emperor lodged in the houses of certain burghers; but the people guarded the castle. The dukes conspired together and took an oath to attack the castle by night and not to return home until they had taken it. This proposal became known to the burghers, who flew to arms and fortified the castle more strongly. Now a great battle took place with cruel slaughter, and the defeat of the dukes and the consequences might be conjectured. For a long time the outcome was in doubt. The burghers remained firm in their defense of the castle, while the princes would not give way to them in view of their oath not to return home until they had captured it. At last the matter was compromised so that the princes might enter the castle and tarry there until they had drunk their wine, whereupon they were to come out again. Three days later the lords of the country divided the castle into three parts, two to the dukes, the third to the emperor. A number of lords were chosen to arbitrate the differences between the brothers, and therein they were given full power and authority. But it is difficult to pass judgment against the mighty. The nobility and the princes of the church favored the emperor, but the common people adhered to Duke Albert.


MORAVIA lies to the north of Austria, and therein, between Hungary and Bohemia, north of the Danube, lives a free and predatory people. In this country the cities and villages observe the customs of the Roman church, adhering to the true Christian faith. The nobility and the Estates are nearly all tainted with the Hussite heresy. While John Capistrano there preached the word of God and zealously refuted the Hussite follies, one Ezernaboram, a landed lord of no mean estate, together with 2,000 subjects, was converted from the heretical errors to the true faith of the Roman Church. Protasius, his son, a good man of scriptural wisdom and habits, soon thereafter secured the bishopric of Olmutz. This is the only episcopal city in Moravia. Once upon a time the sovereignty of Moravia was very mighty and extensive, and so remained until the time of the son of Snatocupi, of whose career and affairs we have spoken in the history of Bohemia. But when the son of Snatocupi began to scorn the churches of God, the government of these people was taken from them and by the Roman emperors thereafter transferred to Bohemia.


SILESIA, which follows Moravia (Mähren) is not a mean region. The noted river, called the Oder, which has its source in the Hungarian mountains on the eastern boundary of Silesia, flows through this region, discharging into the Baltic or German Sea. The length of this region is about 80 stadia. The capital of this people is Breslau, situated on the Oder. The heirs and rulers of this land were numerous, and the country was divided into many parts; and in consequence thereof it suffered serious loss on number of occasions. Among its rulers was a duke, named Bulco, who had his seat at Glogau. He was so addicted to bodily pleasures and carnality that he thoughtlessly said that there are neither angels nor devils, and that the body and soul die and pass away together. He never, or at least infrequently, went to church, and withheld himself from the Christian sacrament. He abused the marriage status, leaving his wife, who was not agreeable to him, and taking another. The language of this people is chiefly German, although Polish is spoken to a greater extent on the further side of the Oder; wherefore some have not improperly said that the Oder is the boundary of the German nation.