First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

We do not consider it necessary to describe Austria at this point, for we have already extensively written its history. However, we will here briefly explain its location. Austria, once called Upper Pannonia, has Hungary to the east, Bavaria to the west, Bohemia and Moravia to the south, and the Styrian mountains to the north. Austria is a three days’ journey or a little less, in breadth, and a six days’ journey in length. Its soil is rich, well watered, planted with vineyards, wealthy in timber, productive in farm products, teaming in fish, and its vineyards are so abundant that it adequately supplies Moravia, Bohemia, Silesia and Bavaria with wine, and receives large revenues and riches thereby. The Danube flows through the middle of this country. Vienna is its most distinguished city and the great merchandise mart of the Pannonians. It is surrounded by walls two thousand paces in length, and is adorned with moats, bow windows, towers and spacious suburbs. Upon the death of King Albert, the feudatory lords of the country chose Duke Frederick, thereafter Roman emperor, as their king, upon condition that should King Albert’s widow give birth to a boy, Frederick should be his guardian; but should she bring forth a girl, Frederick should be the country’s ruler. Now when the queen gave birth to Ladislaus, Frederick undertook his guardianship. The knights and men at arms who had served under King Albert and had not yet received their pay, seized the country, committing murder and arson; hut Frederick bought them off with 40,000 florins. The sister of the elder King Ladislaus was the spouse of Duke William of Saxony. Janos Hunyadi sought the crown of Hungary from Emperor Frederick; and when this was denied him, Hunyadi, with 12,000 horse overran all that part of Austria lying between Vienna and the Styrian mountains, destroying and burning it. And now such great discord and hostility arose between Emperor Frederick and the Hungarians and Bohemians, that a diet was called to settle the matter, to be held at Vienna. This was attended by the dukes, Ludwig of Bavaria, and William of Saxony, and the margraves, Albert of Brandenburg and Charles of Baden, and many barons from Hungary and Bohemia. And the emperor sent his emissaries, of which I was one; and although many and sundry matters of justice were considered, nothing was finally concluded. In the same assembly King Ladislaus elevated to princely honor Janos Hunyadi, who had saved his kingdom from the Turks; and although the Count of Cilli influenced the king to his own will, drawing all things unto himself, and ignoring one Eytzinger and those of Vienna, and elevated to honors becoming a queen, his concubine, whom he seduced after her husband was slain, yet he finally fell into disfavor with the king, and by the management of Eytzinger, was driven from the royal court. In order to avoid his stoning by the scornful people, the margrave, Albert of Brandenburg, accompanied him to the city gate, insuring his safety. But as mean and disgraceful as was his departure, so his return was magnificent, pompous and favorable; for more than. a year later, when the king of Bohemia came to Vienna, the count was recalled at the instigation of the Austrian lords, and proceeded to Vienna with 1,000 horse, where he was met at the gate by the king and the rejoicing nobles. Thereafter said Eytzinger lost the king's grace and favor, and returned home to his castle. He then became reconciled to the emperor, whom he had sorely offended. Ere long those adhering to King Ladislaus became so despotic and haughty that they undertook to seize and plunder the suburbs of Neustadt, where the empress lay in child-bed; and failing in this, to fire the city. Negotiations for peace between the emperor and the king were frequent, but futile. The Count of Cidas was of the opinion that the Austrian princes were not in harmony on his account. After his death said Eytzinger of Bohemia was sent to the emperor and peace was discussed on both sides; but meanwhile the king died, and the negotiations were not only disrupted, but all hope of great accomplishments as well as the welfare of all Christendom were postponed. The emperor and Duke Albert, his brother requested the Austrians to surrender and give up the sovereignty. They held a council of the lords, to which the emperor submitted the proposition that the country should descend to the elder prince of Austria; and so Duke Albert expressed the opinion that the royal inheritance should descend upon him and his cousin Duke Sigismund. And the lords answered, saying that if the two brothers would agree, they would be more tolerant and considerate. In the meantime robbers on the far side of the Danube, in Austria, took possession of a well fortified city on the banks of a river in Moravia, and began to distress the entire vicinity with plunder and arson. Against these devastators Duke Albert took up arms, captured them by force, slew many, carried off 650 as prisoners, and of these caused 80 to be hanged. By this course he obtained great favor and acclaim among the Austrians. Now after Ulrich von Eytzinger had visited the emperor, at Neustadt, and on his return came to Vienna, and unsuspectingly answered the summons of Duke Albert, the latter took him prisoner and confined him in a special cell. The burghers looked upon this action with disfavor and there was much murmuring; yet no one undertook to help the poor prisoner. The emperor was asked to go to Vienna, but having his suspicions, he delayed the journey for a long time. Meanwhile Duke Sigismund came down the Etsch to Vienna, and went first of all to Neustadt,