First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

By the providence of the most exalted God it was ordained that at the end of time this unjust world should cease, and that after the extirpation of all evil, and the call of the kindly disposed to a blessed life, a quiet, peaceful, and golden age should begin and flourish under the Lord God. Therefore, after fulfillment of the time which he fixed for death, mortality will cease; and so, when temporal death follows temporal life, we may conclude that the souls will be resurrected to eternal life; for death will have an end. Moreover, the life of the soul being eternal, it will receive the divine and ineffable fruits of its immortality; and so it is also necessary that its death be eternal, inasmuch as it suffers everlasting punishment and torture for its sin. Now when the end of the world approaches, wonders will appear in all the elements as a sign of the impending end of mankind. St. Jerome speaks of 15 signs, that will appear for 15 days before the day of the Last Judgment. On the first day the sea will rise 40 cubits above the highest mountain, replacing it like a wall. On the second day it will recede to a level where it may barely be seen. On the third day the monsters of the sea will appear on the waters, and their cries and howls will reach to the heavens. On the fourth day the sea will be aflame. On the fifth day the shrubs and trees will give forth a bloody dew. On the sixth day the houses will fall down. On the seventh day the mountains will crush and grind one another. On the eighth day a general earthquake will take place. On the ninth day the earth will be leveled. On the tenth day the people will come out of the caves and demean themselves as though insensible and speechless. On the eleventh day the skeletons of the dead will rise and stand upon their graves. On the twelfth day the stars will fall. On the thirteenth day the living will die in order that they may be resurrected with the dead. On the fourteenth day heaven and earth will be in flames. On the fifteenth day the earth and the heavens will renew themselves, and all the people will rise again. And then will come the Son of the most exalted God to judge the living and the dead. The Lord will appear in the air above the city from which he ascended, and with him the signs of his martyrdom and death as banners of his victory the cross, the nails, and the spear; and the scars of his five wounds will be seen. And in the valley of Jehosaphat all the people will be judged. When the judgment of the world and of mortals takes place, and God judges the good and the evil, he will finally consign the wicked to fire and darkness, but bestow honor and life upon the good; which has been prophesied by the prophets through divine inspiration, as well as by a number of natural philosophers, such as Hidaspes, through the inspiration of the devil. But no one should inquire how this may come to pass, for no one can explain the reasons for God’s works, except to say that inasmuch as God, the Lord, in the beginning, created man by ineffable means, we should believe that he may also bring back the departed. Yet the unbelievers cry and say, How can flesh which has become putrid after dissolution or turned to dust and ashes, or submerged in the depths of the sea and dispersed by the waves, be collected and formed into a being endowed with its former soul? This we will answer in the words of Paul: “Senseless man, that which thou sowest is not quickened except it die first. And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be; but bare grain, as of wheat, or of some of the rest. But God giveth it a body as he will." What you see happen to the seed that you scatter upon the earth every year, that you believe in your flesh; but that which is sown upon the earth according to God’s law, will not become apparent to you. He who does not believe that God can bring together in proper form the scattered ashes of every man’s remains, is but a poor observer of the power and might of the Lord. Since even mortal man, in the exercise of his ingenuity, digs into the depths of the earth for veins of metal, and distinguishes all the metals in the materials of the earth, and knows how to separate them, who will then not believe that the divine power can again find scattered parts of every corporeal body and distinguish them. This matter is also comprehensible on natural grounds; for if one holds in his hand a mixture of seeds, and without separating them, or singly, sows them upon the earth, wherever the seed is cast it brings forth in proper time and according to its nature, fruit for the reproduction of its kind; and so also, the body and substance of every mants flesh, in which, according to the will of God who was the first sower, reason is immortal, will be reassembled and reunited in that form which death erstwhile dissolved. Every corporeal body, together with its soul, is either crowned for its service, or punished for its guilt; however, it is not reborn, but resurrected; and it is clothed with a body which will possess a memory of its former life. And in the celestial domains, it will give thanks with ineffable joy to God, there present, for the rooting out of all evil, and for admission to the eternal life. These things (as the prophets say) are all foretold, and it is not necessary that the testimony thereof be here set forth; moreover, no single book could comprehend it. He who would study these matters more diligently may draw them forth from the spring; and there he may search for many other wonderful things which we have not been able to include in this book. Now when such a dispersion occurs upon the earth, and the Almighty comes, and he is seated upon his majestic throne, to judge all the souls and the entire world, there will take place a general resurrection of all mankind. The bodies of the resurrected will become immortal, those of the sinners as well as of the righteous,- the righteous, so that they may remain with Christ; the sinners, so they may not perish but suffer the pains and penalties of their sins. Finally the just judge will endow the righteous with eternal glory, but inflict pain and sorrow on the wicked whose bodies will remain immortal so they may suffer eternal crucifixion, martyrdom, and the tortures of fire,-a fire that is otherwise constituted than our own, which is extinguished if not supplied with fuel; but their fire lives forever and burns of itself without fuel, supplying itself with material,