American Federation of Labor Records, 1888-1955

 
Contents List
Container Title
Micro 2013
Series: Outgoing Correspondence
Scope and Content Note: The outgoing correspondence is subdivided into four subseries: executive correspondence, administrative correspondence, correspondence of miscellaneous employees, and letterbooks of related companies. Except for a few incidental pages, this entire section was converted to 35mm microfilm with the support of a preservation grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the deteriorated originals destroyed.
Subseries: Executive Correspondence
Scope and Content Note

This section consists of letterbooks used by company presidents, vice-presidents, officers, and by others acting for them during their absences from the New York headquarters. Included are letterbooks of George McKenzie; miscellaneous pages from a series of early management correspondence; “management letterbooks” (a series apparently begun about the time of McKenzie's retirement), which incorporates letters from the presidencies of Bourne and Alexander; travelling letterbooks; special letterbooks; executive summaries; and personal letterbooks.

These letterbooks are indexed alphabetically by company, office, or individual name. Branch offices are usually designated in the indexes by city name. When they existed, indexes have been filmed preceding the volumes to which they relate. Access to this material is also facilitated by the fact that each letter was marked by Singer clerks to indicate the page numbers of the most recent and next letters addressed to the same correspondent. Within each category the volumes have been arranged by the volume number on the spine. In most cases this sequence reflected chronological order. If the volume number was missing because of deterioration of the binding, identification that was supplied by archivists based on internal evidence has been indicated in the list below by the use of brackets.

McKenzie correspondence
Scope and Content Note

For the period 1877-1885, McKenzie was vice-president. In the letterbooks of this period McKenzie articulated management decisions for domestic and foreign agents, commented on news from various offices, and gave directions and advice. S.A. Bennett, an attorney whose correspondence is also included here, handled legal and patent matters. (This correspondence is very similar to his activities documented in the LEGAL RECORDS described below.) Bennett also assumed McKenzie's correspondence when the latter was in Europe. Edward Clark, president of Singer during this time, appears only infrequently.

For the period 1885-1888, he was president. McKenzie appears infrequently in the correspondence of this period apparently because of the ill health which eventually resulted in his retirement in 1889. Instead, Bennett, Frederick G. Bourne, T.E. Hardenburgh, and Alexander McKenzie handled most of the correspondence with U.S. and foreign agents, offices, and factories. They also sent lengthy reports to McKenzie while he was traveling. The advice of U.S. agents common in this correspondence series includes suggestions on supervising branch managers, approval of proposed circulars, and settling of territorial disputes. McKenzie's final volume (only 45 pages) consists of letters of a more personal nature such as Christmas greetings and gifts. However, there is a detailed and relatively frank letter here discussing business with Vice-President William F. Procter and a letter to Edgar Allen expounding his personal philosophy.

Reel   1
Vol. 1: , 1877 April-1878 November
Reel   2
Vol. 2: , 1878 November-1879 April
Reel   3
Vol. 3: , 1879 August-1880 June
Reel   4
Vol. 4: , 1880 June-September
Reel   5
Vol. 5: , 1880 September-1881 March
Reel   6
Vol. 6: , 1881 March-September
Reel   7
Vol. 7: , 1881 September-1882 January
Reel   8
Vol. 8: , 1881 January-August
Reel   9
Vol. 9: , 1882 August-December
Reel   10
Vol. 10: , 1883 January-May
Reel   11
Vol. [11]: , 1883 May-October
Reel   12
Vol. [12]: , 1883 October-1884 February
Reel   13
Vol. 13: , 1884 February-May
Reel   14
Vol. 14: , 1884 May-November
Reel   15
Vol. [15]: , 1884 November-1885 February
Reel   16
Vol. 16: , 1885 February-July
Reel   17
Vol. [17]: , 1886 August-1888 February
Early management correspondence
Scope and Content Note: Filed here are some loose pages removed from their respective letterbooks by an unidentified Singer employee prior to donation to the Historical Society. These pages confirm the existence of a series of letterbooks probably dating from the 1860s and 1870s which is probably no longer in existence. One volume of this type was received intact by the Historical Society. This volume contains 1864 correspondence of Julius Voight, apparently a New York clerk, regarding orders and shipments, outstanding debts, and corrections required on weekly reports. A few letters of Inslee Hopper concerning more important management matters are also included. The loose pages have not been filmed.
U.S. Mss AI
Box   5
Folder   1-11
Loose pages from missing letterbooks, 1860-1869
Micro 2013
Reel   18
Voigt letterbook, 1863
Management Correspondence
Scope and Content Note

This correspondence is described below by chronological period.

Frederick G. Bourne, 1888-1893, President : This is Bourne's correspondence to U.S. and foreign agents, offices, and factories. S.A. Bennett again handled the correspondence while Bourne was on European trips, sending him detailed reports, while Charles Miller and T.E. Hardenburgh handled more routine matters.

Bourne, 1893-1899, President. (Douglas Alexander, second vice-president; Charles Miller, secretary; W.F. Procter, vice-president; E.W. Church and T.E. Hardenburgh, acting secretaries) : The correspondence of this period continues as above, except that it is increasingly directed to foreign agents and factories at Kilbowie, Glasgow, Podolsk, and Canada. Here Alexander handled executive correspondence while Bourne was abroad. After Bennett retired in 1894 Alexander assumed increasing responsibility for communication with American and foreign agents, offices, and factories.

Bourne, 1899-1905, President. (Alexander, second vice-president; Hardenburgh, treasurer; and Foster, personal secretary?) : This section is largely correspondence to foreign agents and offices containing executive decisions and advice on problems brought to the attention of the executive office via regular reports or other correspondence, with Foster signing routine matters.

Douglas Alexander, 1905-1924, President. (Foster and Hardenburgh, treasurer; Oscar Graham, assistant treasurer, eventually treasurer) : This is largely correspondence to foreign agents, offices, and factories. Alexander handles all correspondence pertaining to the direction of the branches abroad, and prior to 1915 his correspondence with Hamburg is especially detailed and extensive. There is evidence that the Hamburg office under W.S. Church supervised other European offices, a task which had earlier fallen to the London Office. In this section Foster handled brief acknowledgements, enclosures, and routine matters, while Hardenburgh and Graham answer inquiries regarding tax matters and other routine financial questions. These patterns of correspondence remain unchanged while Alexander was absent on European trips.

Reel   19
Vol. [1]: , 1885 July-1886 January
Reel   20
Vol. [2]: , 1886 January-August
Reel   21
Vol. [3]: , 1886 August-1887 May
Reel   22
Vol. [4]: , 1887 May-1888 May
Reel   23
Vol. [5]: , 1888 May-1889 June
Reel   24
Vol. [6]: , 1889 June-1891 May
Reel   25
Vol. [7]: , 1891 May-1893 May
Reel   26
Vol. [8]: , 1893 May-1895 December
Reel   27
Vol. [9]: , 1895 December-1897 September
Reel   28
Vol. [10]: , 1897 September-1898 Sept
Reel   29
Vol. [11]: , 1898 Sept-October
Reel   30
Vol. 12: , 1899 October-1900 July
Reel   31
Vol. 13: , 1900 July-1901 January
Reel   32
Vol. 14: , 1901 January-1901 November
Reel   33
Vol. 15: , 1901 November-1902 August
Reel   34
Vol. 16: , 1902 August-1903 January
Reel   35
Vol. 17: , 1903 January-1903 September
Reel   36
Vol. 18: , 1903 September-1904 January
Reel   37
Vol. 19: , 1904 January-1904 September
Reel   38
Vol. 20: , 1904 September-1905 February
Reel   39
Vol. 21: , 1905 February-1905 August
Reel   40
Vol. 22: , 1905 August-1906 January
Reel   41
Vol. 23: , 1906 January-1906 July
Reel   42
Vol. 24: , 1906 July-1906 December
Reel   43
Vol. 25: , 1906 December-1907 June
Reel   44
Vol. 26: , 1907 June-1907 October
Reel   45
Vol. 27: , 1907 October-1908 May
Reel   46
Vol. 28: , 1908 May-1908 November
Reel   47
Vol. 29: , 1908 November-1909 May
Reel   48
Vol. 30: , 1909 May-November
Reel   49
Vol. 31: , 1909 November-1910 August
Reel   50
Vol. 32: , 1910 August-1911 July
Reel   51
Vol. 33: , 1911 July-1912 November
Reel   52
Vol. 34: , 1912 November-1913 October
Reel   53
Vol. 35: , 1913 October-1914 August
Reel   54
Vol. 36: , 1914 August-1915 May
Reel   55
Vol. 37: , 1915 May-1916 September
Reel   56
Vol. 38: , 1916 September-1917 June
Reel   57
Vol. 39: , 1917 June-1918 February
Reel   58
Vol. 40: , 1918 February-December
Reel   59
Vol. 42: , 1919 December-1921 February
Reel   60
Vol. 43: , 1921 February-1922 July
Reel   61
Vol. 44: , 1922 July-1923 June
Reel   62
Vol. 45: , 1923 June-1924 June
Traveling Letterbooks
Scope and Content Note: This group of volumes consists of correspondence of Singer executives while abroad. Included are reports to New York offices and letters to various European agents and offices. During the period 1882-1884 McKenzie spent considerable time at Kilbowie, and his books contain references to construction of the new factory there. The volume dated August 29-September 22, 1885 contains four sets of minutes of the Kilbowie Factory. The traveling letterbooks of Douglas Alexander as second vice-president and F.G. Bourne as president (1896; 1897-1900) include pencil copies and drafts of outgoing correspondence. Some of Alexander's letters deal with periods when he was traveling in the United States.
McKenzie
Reel   63
Vol. 1: , 1879 December-1880 January
Reel   63
Vol. 2: , 1880 January-1880 February
Reel   63
Vol. 3: , 1880 February-April
Reel   63
Vol. [4]: , 1881 April-1881 May
Reel   63
1882 March-1882 April
Reel   63
1882 April-1882 June
Reel   63
1883 January-1883 February
Reel   63
1883 September-1883 October
Reel   63
1883 October-1883 November
Reel   63
Vol. 1: , 1884 May-1884 June
Reel   63
Vol. 2: , 1884 June-1884 July
Reel   64
Vol. 3: , 1884 July-1884 August
Reel   64
Vol. [4]: , 1884 September
Reel   64
Vol. 1: , 1885 June-1885 July
Reel   64
Vol. 2: , 1885 July-1885 August
Reel   64
Vol. 3: , 1885 August-1885 September
Reel   64
Vol. [4]: , 1885 September
Alexander
Reel   64
1896 May-October
Reel   64
1896 October-November
Reel   64
1897 May-June
Reel   64
1897 July-1898 May
Reel   64
1898 May-1899 April (pp. 101-149)
Reel   64
1899 April-May (pp. 151-208)
Reel   64
1899 May-1900,May (pp. 1-50)
Reel   64
1900 May-June (pp. 51-73)
Special Letterbooks
Scope and Content Note: Arranged here is outgoing correspondence from Singer executives, including Bourne, Alexander, C.C. Foster, Oscar Graham, and T.E. Hardenburgh. Except for their distinctive binding it was unclear what distinguished these volumes from the regular Management series. These books contain advice to American and foreign agents that is similar to the management letterbooks, but they also contain more references to stocks and dividends. Also, about 1917, Foster and Alexander begin to sign the correspondence as officers of the International Securities Corporation. They also sign under the name of the International Fidelity Insurance Company, Bourne and Company, and Hexigon Sewing Machine Company. Much of this correspondence is routine. In the last volume, most of the International Securities Corporation correspondence of Alexander, Foster, and Graham concerns stocks, investments, and dividends.
Reel   65
Vol. 1: , 1900 March-1902 September
Reel   66
Vol. 2: , 1902 September-1905 September
Reel   67
Vol. 3: , 1905 September-1907 July
Reel   68
Vol. 4: , 1907 July-1910 November
Reel   69
Vol. 5: , 1910 November-1917 May
Reel   70
Vol. 6: , 1917 June-1924 June
Executive Summaries
Scope and Content Note: These useful volumes contain abstracts of correspondence, both foreign and domestic, circulated to Singer executives for their information. Between 1892 and 1906 the series was a single chronological run, although there are many gaps in the SHSW holdings. Later there is a single volume for Bennett and separate volumes for correspondence concerning Russia and Wittenberg.
Reel   71
1892 October-1893 September
Reel   71
1893 September-1894 May
Reel   71
1894 May-December
Reel   72
1894 December-1895 July
Reel   72
1895 December-1896 May
Reel   72
1898 November-1899 December
Reel   73
1903 January-1904 January
Reel   73
1904 November-1905 November
Reel   74
1905 November-1906 December
Special summaries
Reel   74
1909, Bennett
Reel   75
1904-1914, Podolsk
Reel   76
1907-1911, Wittenberge
Personal Letterbooks
Scope and Content Note: Filed here is correspondence of several Singer executives to family members, friends, and other business associates and vice-presidents. Two volumes (1893-1896) of Bourne's correspondence contain letters regarding personal business matters (real estate, investments, and a stable of horses, etc.). There are only a few letters to family members, and even these are not of a true personal nature. Also included is a nineteen-page volume containing balance statements and disbursements of the Clark Family trust. Douglas Alexander's personal correspondence as vice-president and president, 1900-1924, consists of letters to acquaintances, family members, and other Singer executives. Topics treated include real estate, stock, home improvements, employment of servants, and some matters relating to Singer Manufacturing Company.
Bourne, F.G.
Reel   77
Vol. 135: , 1893 May-1896 July
Reel   78
1898-1902, Clark Trust
Alexander
Reel   78
Vol. 1: , 1900 January-1909 July
Reel   79
Vol. 2: , 1909 September-1924 June
Subseries: Administrative Correspondence
General Correspondence
Scope and Content Note

This main section of the OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE consists of letters to domestic and foreign agents, factories, and others regarding invoices, payments, shipments of orders, territorial disputes between agents, accounting transactions between offices, prices, inventories, and business reports. Although similar to the executive correspondence, these letters are more routine and generally consist of matters handled by clerks and lower level company employees. This material is described below by chronological period.

1872-1876 : During this period J. Hewlett handled routine correspondence regarding shipments, orders, and monetary transactions, while Inslee Hopper appears only occasionally. George E. Bacon and S.F. Allen, who also appear in the correspondence, were Singer clerks.

1876-1885 : Here T.E. Hardenburgh replaced Hewlett and S.A. Bennett assumed Hopper's functions while Bennett also handled patent matters (as in the LEGAL RECORDS). C.S. Groesbeck handled correspondence concerning shipping details, including freight rates and routes. In general, the correspondence in these volumes is even more routine than in the previous set, and it includes whole sections of credit and debit notes and listings of lease accounts for the various regional offices. Much of the remaining correspondence consists of brief acknowledgments and statements. Other clerks whose functions are documented are Bacon and Hugh Cheyne.

1886-1889 : Letters from this period are missing.

1889-1901 : While the volumes of this period continue the routine correspondence to U.S. agents, offices, and factories regarding shipping, orders, invoices, credits, and debits, there are also more important matters such as general circulars, advice to agents, and decisions in disputes between offices. Hardenburgh and E.W. Church shared routine responsibilities here, while Alexander appears in some correspondence with agents in Australia, Canada, Mexico, and Latin America. His correspondence with London is particularly extensive. After 1898, Alexander also commented on reports from European agents as well as those from Capetown, Paris, and Bombay, although he appears less frequently after 1900 when he took over the executive correspondence. S.A. Bennett appears in this section with regard to some general management and patent-related correspondence, although he does not appear after September, 1893.

1901-1905 : The content here is similar to the above material, with E.D. Cummings handling more important decisions, Mark Dunnell handling patent matters, and J. Laird Busk noting technical problems with reports.

1905-1911 : The emphasis during this period shifts to foreign offices regarding shipments, response to inquiries from outside individuals and companies, and matters of construction and building maintenance. There are also large amounts of correspondence between Charles P. Coleman and Ernest Flagg, chief architect of the Singer Building and subsequent additions and alterations to the building, regarding construction details. By 1908, this series is almost exclusively concerned with construction. Oscar Graham handled the tax matters that are documented here.

U.S. Mss AI
Box   6
Folder   1-4
Loose pages from missing letterbooks, 1869-1872
Micro 2013
Reel   79
Vol. [51]: , 1872 December-1873 March
Reel   80
Vol. [52]: , 1873 March-1873 June
Reel   80
Vol. [53]: , 1873 June-1873 October
Reel   81
Vol. [54]: , 1873 October-1873 December
Reel   81
Vol. [55]: , 1874 January-1874 March
Reel   82
Vol. 56: , 1874 March-1874 June
Reel   82
Vol. [57]: , 1874 June-1874 September
Reel   83
Vol. 58: , 1874 September-1874 December
Reel   83
Vol. 59: , 1874 December-1875 March
Reel   84
Vol. 60: , 1875 March-1875 May
Reel   84
Vol. 61: , 1875 May-1875 August
Reel   85
Vol. [62]: , 1875 August-1875 November
Reel   85
Vol. 63: , 1875 November-1876 January
Reel   86
Vol. 64: , 1876 January-1876 March
Reel   86
Vol. 65: , 1876 March-1876 June
Reel   87
Vol. 66: , 1876 June-1876 September
Reel   87
Vol. 67: , 1876 September-1876 December
Reel   88
Vol. 68: , 1876 December-1877 March
Reel   88
Vol. 69: , 1877 March-1877 July
Reel   89
Vol. 70: , 1877 July-1877 November
Reel   89
Vol. [71]: , 1877 November-1878 February
Reel   90
Vol. [72]: , 1878 February-1878 June
Reel   90
Vol. [73]: , 1878 June-1878 November
Reel   91
Vol. [74]: , 1878 November-1879 March
Reel   91
Vol. [75]: , 1879 March-July
Reel   92
Vol. [76]: , 1879 July-November
Reel   92
Vol. [77]: , 1879 November-1880 January
Reel   93
Vol. [78]: , 1880 February-April
Reel   93
Vol. [79]: , 1880 April-July
Reel   94
Vol. [80]: , 1880 July-October
Reel   94
Vol. 81: , 1880 October-December
Reel   95
Vol. 82: , 1880 December-1881 February
Reel   95
Vol. 83: , 1881 February-May
Reel   96
Vol. [84]: , 1881 May-July
Reel   96
Vol. [85]: , 1881 July-September
Reel   97
Vol. [86]: , 1881 September-December
Reel   97
Vol. 87: , 1881 December-1882 February
Reel   98
Vol. [88]: , 1882 February-May
Reel   97
Vol. [89]: , 1882 May-July
Reel   99
Vol. 90: , 1882 July-September
Reel   99
Vol. [91]: , 1882 September-November
Reel   100
Vol. 92: , 1882 November-1883 January
Reel   100
Vol. 93: , 1883 January-April
Reel   101
Vol. 94: , 1883 April-July
Reel   101
Vol. 95: , 1883 July-October
Reel   102
Vol. 96: , 1883 October-1884 January
Reel   102
Vol. 97: , 1884 January-April
Reel   103
Vol. 98: , 1884 April-June
Reel   103
Vol. 99: , 1884 April-October
Reel   104
Vol. 100: , 1884 October-1885 February
Reel   104
Vol. 101: , 1885 March-July
Reel   104A
Vol. 102: , 1885 July-September
Reel   104A
, 1885 January-August (Groesbeck)
Reel   105
1885 September-November
Reel   105
1885 November-1886 January
Reel   106
1886 January-February
Reel   107
1890 March-April
Reel   108
Vol. 126: , 1890 March-1891 June
Reel   109
Vol. 127: , 1891 June-1892 March
Reel   110
Vol. 128: , 1892 March-September
Reel   111
Vol. 129: , 1892 September-1893 March
Reel   112
Vol. 130: , 1893 March-September
Reel   113
Vol. 131: , 1893 September-1894 February
Reel   114
Vol. 132: , 1894 February-July
Reel   115
Vol. 133: , 1894 July-December
Reel   116
Vol. 134: , 1894 December-1895 May
Reel   117
Vol. 135: , 1895 May-August
Reel   118
Vol. 136: , 1895 August-December
Reel   119
Vol. 137: , 1895 December-1896 March
Reel   120
Vol. 138: , 1896 March-July
Reel   121
Vol. 139: , 1896 July-November
Reel   122
Vol. 140: , 1896 November-1897 March
Reel   123
Vol. 141: , 1897 March-July
Reel   124
Vol. 142: , 1897 July-December
Reel   125
Vol. 143: , 1897 December-1898 April
Reel   126
Vol. 144: , 1898 April-October
Reel   127
Vol. 145: , 1898 October-1899 February
Reel   128
Vol. 146: , 1899 February-July
Reel   130
Vol. 147: , 1899 July-November
Reel   131
Vol. 148: , 1899 November-1900 April
Reel   132
Vol. 149: , 1900 April-October
Reel   133
Vol. 150: , 1900 October-1901 March
Reel   134
Vol. 151: , 1901 March-July
Reel   135
Vol. 152: , 1901 July-November
Reel   136
Vol. 153: , 1901 November-1902 April
Reel   137
Vol. 154: , 1902 April-September
Reel   138
Vol. 155: , 1902 September-1903 January
Reel   139
Vol. 156: , 1903 January-May
Reel   140
Vol. 157: , 1903 May-October
Reel   141
Vol. 158: , 1903 October-1904 January
Reel   142
Vol. 159: , 1904 January-July
Reel   143
Vol. 160: , 1904 July-December
Reel   144
Vol. 161: , 1904 December-1905 June
Reel   145
Vol. 162: , 1905 June-1906 March
Reel   146
Vol. 163: , 1906 March-October
Reel   147
Vol. 164: , 1906 October-February
Reel   148
Vol. 165: , 1907 February-March
Reel   149
Vol. 166: , 1907 March-July
Reel   150
Vol. 167: , 1907 July-October
Reel   151
Vol. 168: , 1907 October-1908 January
Reel   152
Vol. 169: , 1908 February-April
Reel   153
Vol. 170: , 1908 April-July
Reel   154
Vol. 171: , 1908 July-October
Reel   155
Vol. 172: , 1908 October-1909 February
Reel   156
Vol. 173: , 1909 February-1910 January
Reel   157
Vol. 174: , 1910 January-1911 November
“A Series,” 1907-1915
Scope and Content Note: The purpose of this small section is not clear. It briefly parallels the administrative correspondence, but it also contains three volumes of different material--the cables of C.C. Foster. The cables, which are filmed in chronological order rather than according to the spine number, are coded and translated, and chiefly addressed to foreign offices. Most concern shipments; prices for machines and parts; acknowledgments of checks, reports, and orders; and international bank transfers.
Reel   158
Vol. 166A: , 1907 March-December
Reel   159
Vol. 167A: , 1907 December-1908 August
Reel   160
Vol. 168A: , 1908 August-1909 August
Reel   161
Vol. 170A: Cables 1, 1911 January-1915 August
Reel   162
Vol. 169A: Cables 2, 1915 August-1919 September
Reel   163
Vol. 176?: Cables 3, 1919 September-1924 July
Reel   164
Vol. 171A: , 1917 February-1918 May
Reel   165
Vol. 175?: , 1918 June-1924 May
Reports and Construction, 1890-1904
Scope and Content Note: This section of the OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE consists of correspondence from T.E. Hardenburgh and E.W. Church to Singer agents and offices in the U.S. regarding consignments and business reports. The content is extremely routine, chiefly concerning technical errors in reporting and problems with machines on consignment. The correspondence in this series was initially handled by Hardenburgh and then gradually assumed by Church. At the end of the section is a volume primarily consisting of correspondence with Bombay, Capetown, and Kilbowie and a volume similar to the general reports and construction series, but which was not part of the prevailing numbering sequence for that group.
Reel   166
Vol. 125: , 1889 December-1890 September
Reel   167
Vol. 126: , 1890 September-1891 February
Reel   168
Vol. 127: , 1891 February-August
Reel   169
Vol. 128: , 1891 August-December
Reel   170
Vol. 129: , 1891 December-1892 March
Reel   171
Vol. 130: , 1892 March-June
Reel   172
Vol. 131: , 1892 June-November
Reel   173
Vol. 132: , 1892 November-1893 March
Reel   174
Vol. [133]: , 1893 March-July
Reel   175
Vol. 134: , 1893 July-December
Reel   176
Vol. 135: , 1893 December-1894 April
Reel   177
Vol. 136: , 1894 April-October
Reel   178
Vol. 137: , 1894 October-1895 April
Reel   179
Vol. 138: , 1895 April-1896 February
Reel   180
Vol. 139: , 1896 February-May
Reel   181
Vol. 140: , 1896 May-September
Reel   182
Vol. 141: , 1896 September-1897 February
Reel   182A
Vol. 142: , 1897 February-September
Reel   183
Vol. 143: , 1897 September-1898 March
Reel   184
Vol. 144: , 1898 March-August
Reel   185
Vol. 145: , 1898 August-1899 April
Reel   186
Vol. 146: , 1899 April-1900 February
Reel   187
Vol. 147: , 1900 February-1901 April
Reel   188
Vol. 148: , 1901 April-1902 January
Reel   189
Vol. 149: , 1902 January-November
Reel   190
Vol. 150: , 1902 November-1903 June
Reel   191
Vol. 151: , 1903 June-1904 February
Reel   192
1898-1903 (Bombay, Capetown, Kilbowie reports by Church/Hardenbaugh)
Reel   193
1902 March 28-1904 January 27
Subseries: Letterbooks of Miscellaneous Employees
Scope and Content Note

This section of the OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE consists of letterbooks created by Singer employees which did not fit into the other series of outgoing correspondence. These volumes are arranged alphabetically by employee name.

Perhaps the most important are the travelling letterbooks of John Mitchell, the head of Singer's London office. These volumes consist of letters written while on inspection trips in Brussels, Paris, Madrid, Lyon, etc. Also notable is a volume which includes 1851 correspondence of Singer's little-known New York partner (Barzillan Ransom) and 1853-1854 correspondence of two employees (Richard and Burgess), whose precise positions within the company are not clear. This volume was greatly deteriorated due to water damage, and it was difficult to microfilm satisfactorily. Because of the rarity of correspondence from this period in company history this volume was not destroyed after filming. Also grouped here is a book of letters (1874-1878) of George E. Bacon sent to agents regarding discrepancies in sales, suggestions for better results, and general advice on improved management, and a letterbook of C.S. Groesbeck, another New York clerk. (The Bacon volume is similar to material in the INCOMING CORRESPONDENCE.)

Reel   194
Bacon, George E., 1874 June-1878 December
Reel   195
Brown, George T., Letterbooks and loose pages, 1898-1905
Reel   196
Graham, Oscar R., 1890-1893 January
Mitchell, John
Reel   197
Synopses, 1894 September-1896 May
“Private letterbooks”
Reel   198
1894 May-September
Reel   199
1894 September-1895 July
Reel   200
1895 August-1896 January
Reel   201
1896 January-1897 May
Reel   202
New York, 1896 February-1897 October
Reel   203
“Home use,” 1896 January-1897 January
Ransom/Richard/Burgess New York letterbook, 1851-1854
U.S. Mss AI
Box   7
Original volume
Micro 2013
Reel   204
Microfilm copy
Subseries: Letterbooks of Related Companies
Scope and Content Note: This section of the OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE incorporates miscellaneous correspondence of Singer's subsidiary corporations and companies taken over by Singer. These volumes are arranged alphabetically by company name and chronologically thereunder.
Reel   205
Bourne & Co. Ltd. (South Africa), 1902 April-September
Scope and Content Note: The correspondence of Bourne and Company, Ltd., Singer's South African subsidiary, 1902-1920, consists of outgoing correspondence of Douglas Alexander, C.C. Foster, Coleman, and E.W. Church. These letters are primarily routine acknowledgements and routine financial inquiries. The final item in the volume is a report concerning business conditions in the Middle East in 1920.
Reel   206
Mathison Button Company (Boston), 1892? March-1894? May
National Sewing Machine Company
Scope and Content Note: The National Machine Company letters refer to a manufacturer of buttonhole machines which were mounted on Singer sewing machine heads and sold by Singer as the exclusive agent. The correspondence appears to relate almost entirely to the business this company did with Singer. Although the volumes may relate to two types of correspondence (one containing routine matters and the other containing letters of greater importance) the holdings are not sufficiently complete to establish the fact. As a result, the volumes are arranged together chronologically by beginning date.
Reel   207
Vol. 1: , 1887 February-1888 March
Reel   208
Vol. 2: , 1887 September-1889 March
Reel   209
Vol. 3: , 1888 November-1899 April
Reel   210
Vol. 4: , 1888 August-1899 December
Reel   211
Vol. 5: , 1889 December-1890 September
Reel   212
Vol. 6: , 1891 June-1892 December 2
Reel   213
Vol. 7: , 1892 August-1893 August
Reel   214
Vol. 8: , 1893 April-December
Reel   215
Singer Sewing Machine Company, Management letters Vol. 1, 1903 June-1924 January
Scope and Content Note: This volume of correspondence of the Singer Sewing Machine Company contains outgoing letters of Douglas Alexander, C.C. Foster, and Oscar Graham from the Singer office at New York to agents around the world and to other companies and individuals. Alexander signs these letters as president. The correspondence is weighted toward U.S. agents and primarily deals with prices, policies, shipments, and patents.
Wheeler & Wilson
Scope and Content Note: The Wheeler and Wilson Company correspondence consists of two volumes, 1905-1907, from the period after Singer had assumed control, together with one isolated volume from an earlier time. In the later volumes is outgoing correspondence of Douglas Alexander, circa Coleman, Oscar Graham, and C.C. Foster to Singer agents abroad, patent lawyers, and various other individuals and companies. Douglas Alexander signs these letters as president, with Coleman and Foster as secretary and Graham as treasurer of Wheeler and Wilson Company. The letters deal largely with patent and trademark matters, shipments, arrangements with agents abroad, and contracts with other companies.
Reel   216
1873 November-1874 May
Reel   217
1905 December-1906 July
Reel   218
1906 July-1907 August