Hans v. Kaltenborn Papers, 1883-1964

Container Title
Series: Subject Files
Scope and Content Note: These files, which include correspondence, reports, and documents of many types, are arranged alphabetically by topic. Included are application for positions letters, circular letters, examiners' reports, letter register, traveling notebooks, and war loss files.
Subseries: Application Letters
Box   110
Folder   18-19
1896
Box   111
Folder   1-3
1897-1899
Subseries: Circular letters
Scope and Content Note: The Circular Letters are mimeographed form letters sent by the New York office to the company's agents and local offices concerning policies and procedures. They cover the period from 1882 to 1904 and are arranged chronologically and sometimes numerically thereunder. Also included are similar files of circular letters issued by several branches for the years 1895, 1898, and 1900, all arranged alphabetically by branch. This section also includes a file, 1893-1901, of replies from local representatives.
Box   112
Folder   1-7
1872-1894, New York circular
1895
Box   113
Folder   1
New York
Box   113
Folder   2-5
Branch circulars
Box   113
Folder   6
1896-1900, New York circulars
Box   114
Folder   1-6
1896, Branch circulars
1898
Box   114
Folder   7
Baltimore-Chicago
Box   115
Folder   1-4
Cincinnati-San Francisco
Box   115
Folder   5-6
1900, Branch circulars
1901-1904, New York circulars
Box   115
Folder   7
Index
Box   115
Folder   8-10
Circulars
Replies to circular letters
Box   116
Folder   1-6
1880-1897, I
Box   117
Folder   1-6
1897, II-1899, 1901
Subseries: Examiners' Reports
Scope and Content Note: The Examiners' Reports consist of chronologically-arranged narrative reports, 1881-1891, from travelling representatives concerning accounting and operational conditions and problems at various branches and factories.
Box   118
Folder   1-7
1881-1886
Box   119
Folder   1-6
1887-1888
Box   120
Folder   1-5
1888
Box   121
Folder   1-6
1890-1891
Box   122
Folder   1-6
1891
Box   123
Folder   1-6
1894
Box   124
Folder   1-6
1895
Box   125
Folder   1-7
1896
Box   126
Folder   1-6
1897
Box   127
Folder   1-6
1897
Box   128
Folder   1-7
1898
Box   129
Folder   1-4
1900
Subseries: Letter Registers
Scope and Content Note: The Letter Registers are an incomplete run of volumes in which correspondence (primarily concerning orders) was logged. In the register is the letter number, correspondent, subject, and remittance amount; the 1878 volumes contain summaries of orders. The correspondence to which these volumes refer appears not to have been received by the Historical Society.
Box   131
Folder   1
1878 January-May
Box   131
Folder   2
1878 May-November
Box   130
Folder   1
Register #14, 1900, February-1901 March
Box   130
Folder   2
Register [#16], 1902 September-1904 May
Box   130
Folder   3
Register #17, 1904 May-1907 April
Subseries: Traveling Notebooks
Scope and Content Note: The Traveling Notebooks contain notations made by Singer executives while visiting various European branches during the early twentieth century. Although the writer or writers of this material is not identified, the office referred to is clearly indicated.
Box   131
Folder   3-6
1898-1906
Box   132
Folder   1-4
1908-1928
Box   132
Folder   5
Undated
Box   132
Folder   6
Legal and financial notes, 1910-1938
Subseries: War Loss Files
Scope and Content Note: The War Loss Files constitute the large quantity of twentieth century documentation in the collection. These records document Singer's interests in Central Europe during the 1930s and 1940s, in Russia prior to and immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution, and in Japan and Germany during World War II. The provenance of these files is uncertain, but it is presumed they were used in attempts to recoup company losses as a result of wars and nationalization. The papers detail the political and economic situation of each nation at the time of the losses, and they are arranged alphabetically by country or geographic area. Substantial portions of the papers included with the Czech and Eastern European categories appear to be files which were originally part of the complicated recordkeeping system of the Paris Supervisory Office, which had significant responsibilities for local European agencies. These files were apparently transported to New York for use in the war claims litigation. The war losses files also include three folders of architectural drawings, elevations, and blueprints for construction and remodeling of company facilities in Prague, Warsaw, and Riga. Evidence suggests these files may also have been part of the Paris Supervisory Office files.
Czechoslovakia Files
Scope and Content Note: The Czechoslovakian Files, which consist of correspondence, legal records, and financial records, are subdivided into Paris and New York sections, with the former arranged into pre- and post-war categories. Within each category the material is arranged by file number. The pre-war records on the Singer Manufacturing Company's agency in Prague are dominated by the 1938 transfer of Sudeten territories to German control, annexation of the remaining Bohemia-Moravia provinces by Germany in 1939, and the transfer of Slovakia to Hungary. Three files of correspondence and legal material relate to the Aryan verifications to which the directors of the Prague agency had to submit and to the ways in which normal business was disrupted while other aspects of the business continued normally. The post-war Czech files document Singer's difficulties in a period of political upheaval with operations of some kind continuing despite nationalization. Correspondents of this period regularly complain about new laws that created work and employee councils, supply problems, and controls on capital.
Paris Office Files
Pre-War Files
Box   133
Folder   1
A-41, Sales records and agency accounts, 1938-1939
Box   133
Folder   2
A-41a, Cession of territories, 1938-1939
Box   133
Folder   3
A-71, Year-end statements and inventories, 1938-1941
Box   133
Folder   4
A-168, Miscellaneous invoices, inventories, and estimates, 1938-1939
Box   133
Folder   5
A-231, Inventory and non-moving stocks, 1938
Box   133
Folder   6
G-7, Trademark and patent business, 1938-1939
Box   133
Folder   7
G-18, Transfers, deliveries, and complaints, 1937-1939
Box   133
Folder   8
G-33, Re-organisation of agency, 1938-1939
Box   133
Folder   9-11
G-33a, Transfer of Sudeten Territory to Germany, Hungary, and Poland, 1938-1939
Box   133
Folder   12
G-55, Insurance, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   1
G-64, Audits, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   2
G-llla, Relations with Bata Shoe Company, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   3
G-169, Real estate management, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   4-6
G-204, Orders and shipments, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   7
G-390, Singer service repairs, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   8
G-390a, Singer service reports, 1937-1939
Box   134
Folder   9
S-57, Competition, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   10
S-66, Income taxes, 1937-1940
Box   134
Folder   11
S-81, Prices and credit policies, 1938-1939
Box   134
Folder   12
S-98, Legal matters, 1938-1939
Post-war files
Box   135
Folder   1-2
A-6, Bookkeeping, reports, and remittances, 1947-1953
Box   135
Folder   3
G-61, Organization, 1947-1951
Box   135
Folder   4
G-62, Audits, 1947-1950
Box   135
Folder   5
G-63, Orders, shipments, and stocks, 1947-1954
Box   135
Folder   6
G-64, Manufacturing Trade Department, 1947-1949
Box   135
Folder   7
G-65, Parts, needles, and accessories repairs, 1948, 1954
Box   135
Folder   8
G-66, Trademarks and patents, 1947-1955
Box   135
Folder   9
G-67, Buildings, 1947-1952
Box   135
Folder   10
S-60, Prices and sales conditions, 1947-1950
Box   135
Folder   11-12
S-62, Staff correspondence, 1947-1955
Miscellaneous correspondence
Box   135
Folder   13-14
1940-1944
Box   136
Folder   1-2
1945-1954
New York Office Files
Box   136
Folder   3
Plans for new purchases of real estate, 1940
Box   136
Folder   4,7
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1940-1941, 1951-1962
Box   136
Folder   5
Correspondence of O. Myslik, (vice president), 1945
Box   136
Folder   6
Prague real estate, 1946-1951
Eastern Europe Files
Scope and Content Note: The files on Eastern Europe are the most thorough of the war loss materials. These files encompass Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, all countries in which Singer had opened agencies following World War I. In 1937 the Baltic countries were annexed by the Soviet Union, all industry was nationalized, and Singer was deprived of its assets and bank deposits. These records include voluminous correspondence between Singer and their managers in Eastern Europe which describe political and financial conditions. A large number of folders contain information used in claims filed against the Soviet Union. The Eastern European files are divided into files originally created in Paris and New York City.
Paris Office Files
Scope and Content Note: The Paris files appear to be part of the same complex filing system reflected in the Czech materials described above. These files are arranged by file number and are followed by several folders of financial reports. Taken together, the Paris files contain extensive general correspondence and detailed information on financial losses. The folders entitled “Organization” best describes the political situation and its effect on normal operating procedures.
Box   137
Folder   1
A-16, Estonian miscellany, 1940
Box   137
Folder   2
A-29, Bookkeeping, reports, and remittances, 1947-1950
Box   137
Folder   3
A-47, Estonian comments and instructions on return statistics, 1937-1940
Box   137
Folder   4
A-53, Latvian comments and instructions on return statistics, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   5
A-54, Lithuania comments and instructions on return statistics, 1939
Box   137
Folder   6
A-77, Estonian inventories and final reports, 1937-1940
Box   137
Folder   7
A-83, Latvian inventories and final reports, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   8
A-84, Lithuanian inventories and final reports, 1937-1940
Box   137
Folder   9
A-87, Polish inventories and final reports, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   10
A-98, Estonian stock debts and credit notes, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   11
A-117, Estonian remittances, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   12
A-123, Latvian remittances, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   13
A-124, Lithuanian remittances, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   14
A-178, Latvian stock debts and credit notes, 1938-1940
Box   137
Folder   15
A-197, Lithuanian invoice returns, 1938-1939
Box   137
Folder   16
E-15, Lithuanian general correspondence, 1935-1940
Box   137
Folder   17
G-9, Lithuanian audits, 1938-1939
Box   138
Folder   1-3
G-26, Polish audits, 1938-1939
Box   138
Folder   4
G-67, Estonian insurance, 1938-1939
Box   138
Folder   5
G-84, Latvian organization, 1938-1940
Box   138
Folder   6
G-91, Lithuanian transfers, deliveries, and complaints, 1938-1939
Box   138
Folder   7-8
G-117, Poland, Manufacturing Trade Department, 1938-1939
Box   138
Folder   9
G-161, Polish correspondence, 1938-1939
Box   138
Folder   10
G-166, Latvian trademarks and patents, 1938-1940
Box   139
Folder   1-2
G-174, Lithuanian organization, 1938-1940
Box   139
Folder   3
G-175, Estonian organization, 1940
Box   139
Folder   4
G-188, Estonian audits, 1938-1939
Box   139
Folder   5
G-199, Lithuanian trademarks and patents, 1938-1939
Box   139
Folder   6
G-207, Estonian orders and shipments, 1938-1940
Box   139
Folder   7
G-213, Latvian documents, 1923-1936
Box   139
Folder   8-9
G-213, Latvian orders and shipment, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   1
G-216, Polish orders and shipments, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   2
G-230, Estonian trademarks and patents, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   3
G-240, Latvian audits, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   4
G-245, Latvian canvassing cars, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   5
G-256, Lithuanian orders and shipments, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   6
G-284, Estonian canvassing cars, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   7
G-287, Estonian service reports, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   8
G-290, Poland, General, 1948
Box   140
Folder   9
G-291, Polish organization, 1948-1950
Box   140
Folder   10
G-292, Polish audits, 1948
Box   140
Folder   11
G-293, Polish orders and shipments, 1947-1950
Box   140
Folder   12
G-296, Polish trademarks and patents, 1947-1953
Box   140
Folder   13
G-297, Polish buildings, 1947-1953
Box   140
Folder   14
G-359, Lithuanian canvassing cars, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   15
G-361, Latvian business reports, 1940
Box   140
Folder   16
G-368, Latvian service reports, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   17
G-369, Lithuanian service reports, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   18
G-389, Latvia, Building in Riga, 1938-1939
Box   140
Folder   19
M-46, Estonia, Sundry goods for resale, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   20
M-59, Latvia, Thread and twist, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   21
M-68, Estonia, Thread and twist, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   22
M-71, Lithuania, Thread & twist, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   23
M-164, Latvia, Sundry goods for resale, 1938-1940
Box   140
Folder   24
M-184, Poland, Printed material, 1939
Box   141
Folder   1
M-184, Poland, Printed material, 1939, continued
Box   141
Folder   2-5
S-16, Lithuania, Legal correspondence, 1938-1940
Box   141
Folder   6
S-19, Lithuanian taxes, 1938-1940
Box   141
Folder   7
S-31, Lithuanian staff, 1938-1939
Box   141
Folder   8
S-32, Lithuanian competition, 1938-1939
Box   141
Folder   9-10
S-40, Latvian competition, 1938-1940
Box   141
Folder   11
S-43, Estonia, Prices and credit conditions, 1938-1940
Box   142
Folder   1
S-54, Lithuania, Prices and credit conditions, 1938-1940
Box   142
Folder   2
S-58, Polish staff, 1940
Box   142
Folder   3
S-60, Estonian competition, 1938-1940
Box   142
Folder   4
S-73, Latvia, Prices and credit conditions, 1938-1939
Box   142
Folder   5
S-78, Poland, Prices and credit conditions, 1938-1939
Box   142
Folder   6
S-83, Latvian taxes, 1938-1940
Box   142
Folder   7
S-113, Polish competition, 1938-1939
Box   142
Folder   8
S-124, Estonian taxes, 1938-1940
Box   142
Folder   9
S-139, Estonia, Legal correspondence, 1938-1939
Box   142
Folder   10
S-154, Latvia, Legal correspondence, 1938-1939
Box   142
Folder   11
S-290, Poland, Prices and sales conditions, 1947-1949
Box   142
Folder   12
S-293, Poland, Legal correspondence, 1947-1949
Reports
Box   142
Folder   13-14
Estonia, 1938-1940
Box   142
Folder   15-16
Latvia, 1938-1939
Box   142
Folder   17-19
Lithuania, 1938-1940
New York Office Files
Scope and Content Note: The New York City portion of these files is further divided into two parts. The first, which is arranged by country, contains information received in the president's office, a large portion of which deals with Poland and the status and use of Singer property there. The second part contains general correspondence concerning the Eastern European situation, as well as a file of President Lightner's correspondence with the U.S. State Department, 1940-1944.
Estonia
Box   143
Folder   1
Legal correspondence, 1927-1931, undated
Box   143
Folder   2
General correspondence, 1939-1941
Box   143
Folder   3
Registration, 1928, 1939-1940
Box   143
Folder   4
Sales merchandise, 1939-1940
Latvia
Box   143
Folder   5
General correspondence, 1940-1941
Box   143
Folder   6
Government control, 1940
Box   143
Folder   7
Powers of attorney, 1938
Box   143
Folder   8
Premises, 1934-1939
Box   143
Folder   9
Reports, 1939-1940
Lithuania
Box   143
Folder   10
General correspondence, 1939-1940
Box   143
Folder   11
Nationalization, undated
Box   143
Folder   12
Powers of attorney, 1929, undated
Box   143
Folder   13
Registration, 1920-1939
Box   143
Folder   14
Reports, 1940
Box   143
Folder   15
Sales expenses, 1940
Poland
Claims
Box   143
Folder   16-20
1940-1961
Box   144
Folder   1
1962-1963
Box   144
Folder   2
Correspondence, 1924-1947
Box   144
Folder   3
Educational courses, 1930
Box   144
Folder   4
Exchange rates, 1962
Box   144
Folder   5-7
Financial correspondence, 1948-1950
Box   144
Folder   8
Food parcels, 1948-1949
Box   144
Folder   9
General, 1958-1963
Box   144
Folder   10
Handlowy, 1938
Box   144
Folder   11-12
Nationalization, 1947-1960
Box   144
Folder   13
Power of attorney, 1929
Box   144
Folder   14
Profit and loss, 1948-1950
Box   145
Folder   1
Registration, 1934-1937
Box   145
Folder   2
Sales to schools, 1930-1931
Box   145
Folder   3-4
Settlements, 1921-1931
Box   145
Folder   5-6
Staff, 1946-1949
Box   145
Folder   7
Status, 1919-1948
Box   145
Folder   8
Taxes, 1938
Box   145
Folder   9
Trademarks and patents, 1929-1938
Box   145
Folder   10
General correspondence, 1953-1963
Box   145
Folder   11
M.G. Lightner file, 1940-1944
Box   203
Folder   1
Architectural drawings, elevations, and blueprints from Czechoslovakia (file 14), Poland (file 25), and Riga (file 31), 1927-1935
Box   203
Folder   2
Map of Wittenberge property (Mittel Breese and Klein-Breese), circa 1905
Germany
Scope and Content Note: The German files are separated into pre- and post-war files. The pre-war folders contain business, financial, and legal correspondence. The post-war folders also contain business correspondence not only concerning losses in East Germany, but also concerning conditions in West Germany where operations were renewed. These files mention problems with de-Nazification of former Singer executives; regaining control of Singer property from Allied forces; and repairing, retooling and resupplying for new production. Also included is information on restructuring of the German subsidiary company, sales records, and corporate reviews. Especially descriptive here is a 38-page memorial to the Secretary of State concerning Singer losses in Germany. The three folders entitled “Wittenberg” chronicle the Soviet seizure of Singer's factory in the Soviet zone at which time Singer lost securities in Berlin banks as well as machinery in the factory which was dismantled and sent to the USSR.
Pre-War files
Box   145
Folder   12
Business correspondence, 1938-1940
Financial records
Box   145
Folder   13
1938
Box   146
Folder   1
1939
Box   146
Folder   2
Interest accounts, 1900-1939
Box   146
Folder   3
Legal records, 1922-1940
Box   146
Folder   4
General correspondence, 1942-1945
Box   146
Folder   5-8
Business correspondence, 1945-1963
Correspondence with U.S. officials
Box   146
Folder   9
1945
Box   147
Folder   1
1946
Box   147
Folder   2
Corporation review reports, 1948-1949
Box   147
Folder   3
Decontrol of property, 1948
Box   147
Folder   4
Financial records, 1938-1945
Box   147
Folder   5
Financial losses, 1945
Box   147
Folder   6
Real estate records,
Box   147
Folder   7
Sales records, 1946-1947
Box   147
Folder   8
Settlement claim, 1960
Box   147
Folder   9-11
Wittenberg, 1945-1948
Japan
Scope and Content Note: The Japanese files contain correspondence, legal exhibits, and files on losses in Japan and Japanese-occupied territories. With the exhibits are inventories of parts and machines.
Correspondence
Box   148
Folder   1-8
1939-1952
Box   149
Folder   1-3
1953-1954
Exhibits for claim
Box   149
Folder   4
Allied Powers Property Compensation Law, 1952-1953
Box   151
Folder   1-2
General material, 1941-1953
Information and inventory report
Box   151
Folder   3
1941
Box   150
Folder   1
1947
Machines
Box   151
Folder   4
Pre-war
Box   151
Folder   5
1942, Kobe, Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama
Needle stock
Box   151
Folder   6
Pre-war file
Box   151
Folder   7
1942, Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama
Parts stock
Box   151
Folder   8
Pre-war file
Box   151
Folder   9-10
1942, Kobe, Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama
Claims for Japanese-occupied territories
Box   152
Folder   1-2
China, 1923-1961
Box   152
Folder   3-4
Djakarta, 1946-1948
Box   152
Folder   5
Hong Kong, 1942-1953
Box   152
Folder   6
India, 1942-1953
Box   152
Folder   7
Korea, 1947-1948
Malaya
Box   152
Folder   8-10
1941-1949
Box   153
Folder   1-6
1950-1959
Box   153
Folder   7-9
Philippines, 1947-1957
Box   153
Folder   10-11
Siam, 1946-1949
Singapore
Box   153
Folder   12
1941-1948
Box   154
Folder   1-5
1951-1958
Box   154
Folder   6-7
Thailand, 1946-1948
Box   154
Folder   8-9
War loss recovery, 1947-1963
Russia
Scope and Content Note: Papers concerning Singer's losses following the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in the Soviet Union are separated into four categories: affidavits used in legal proceedings, other legal material, research used to supplement the legal documents, and general materials concerning company operations in Russia during the pre-Revolutionary era. The affidavits are from the period 1915 to 1930 and include letters from former employees, managers, and auditors explaining the situation at the time of the Bolshevik seizure of the Singer assets. The legal material contains one large folder of statements and exhibits. These statements address actions which precipitated the claim and contain descriptions of the property and the assessed value of properties and bank deposits. The research material consists of information used in preparing the case before the Foreign Claims Commission in 1959. Also located here is financial information concerning the construction of the factory in Podolsk in 1902, some general correspondence, and a log detailing of the history of Singer operations in the USSR. The final category contains background material on the formation of the Russian subsidiary in 1897, by-laws, 1917 demands of the workers, and correspondence concerning the Foreign Claims Commission in 1959 and after. Miscellaneous correspondence in this section, which is largely in Russian, was written by former employees during the 1920s. It discusses working conditions and the decreasing company success in Eastern Europe. Translations of some of the Russian materials are included.
Affidavits
Box   155
Folder   1
Affidavits and correspondence regarding 1915 seizure
Box   155
Folder   2-3
Affidavits, 1921, 1930
Box   155
Folder   4
Affidavits of C.C. Foster, 1930
Box   156
Folder   1
Legal, statement and exhibits of claim against USSR
Research
Box   155
Folder   5
Balance sheets, reports, and estimates, 1911-1916
Box   155
Folder   6
Russian bonds and bank deposit losses, undated
Box   155
Folder   7
Cash outlays for Podolsk, 1900-1902
Box   155
Folder   8-10
European trip documents, 1897-1933
Box   157
Folder   1
Final financial reports, 1912-1913
Box   157
Folder   2
Financial miscellany, 1914-1919
Box   157
Folder   3
Data for Foreign Claim Settlement Commission, 1958-1959
Box   157
Folder   4
Constantinople office, 1918-1919
Box   157
Folder   5
Miscellaneous material “not used for affidivits,” undated
General
Box   157
Folder   6
Formation of Russian subsidiary, undated
Box   157
Folder   7
By-laws and translation, 1909
Box   157
Folder   8
Demands of the All-Russian Conference of Delegates, 1917
Box   157
Folder   9
Blueprint of factory and timberlands, 1913
Correspondence
Box   157
Folder   10-12
1918-1958
Box   158
Folder   1-3
1959-1964
Box   158
Folder   4
Miscellany, 1921-1922, undated
Spain
Scope and Content Note: The Spanish files contain correspondence and reports on losses during the Spanish Civil War. Included are descriptions of fighting, arrests of Singer management, and damage to stock. The reports section is divided into reports received in the New York and Paris offices; both include detailed financial information.
Box   159
Folder   1-11
Correspondence, 1936-1953
Reports on losses
Box   160
Folder   1-6
New York Office file, 1936-1960
Paris Office files
Box   160
Folder   7
Seville, 1936-1937
Box   160
Folder   8-10
Zone I, 1936-1940
Box   160
Folder   9
Zone II, 1938-1939
Losses in Miscellaneous Countries
Scope and Content Note: Files on miscellaneous countries in which Singer experienced losses are generally small and fragmentary, containing financial reports and correspondence.
Box   161
Folder   1
Albania, 1933-1964
Box   161
Folder   2
Bulgaria, 1939-1963
Box   161
Folder   3-5
Italy, 1941-1951
Box   161
Folder   6-8
Mexico, 1923-1959
Box   161
Folder   9
Romania, 1944-1959
Box   162
Folder   1-3
Miscellaneous foreign claim correspondence, 1955-1968