Frederick C. Salomon Papers,

Summary Information

Title: Frederick C. Salomon Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1861-1865

  • Salomon, Frederick C.
Call Number: WVM Mss 1411

Quantity: 1.2 linear ft. (1 archives box and 2 oversized flat boxes) of papers

Archival Locations:
Wisconsin Veterans Museum (Map)

Manuscripts pertaining to the service of Frederick C. Salomon, a Manitowoc, Wisconsin resident who served as a brigadier general and brevetted major general during the Civil War. The collection is comprised of commission certificates, correspondence, orders, assignments, and various military reports relating to his service during the war. Documents relating to Salomon's commissions include a certificate appointing him colonel of the 9th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment (mentioned on the document as the 1st German Regiment by Wisconsin Governor Alexander Randall), a certificate signed by Abraham Lincoln promoting him to brigadier general, and materials pertaining to his commission as brevet major general. Military orders are primarily campaign assignments that pertain to his command of the 13th Division (XIII Corps) during the Battle of Helena (Arkansas), with other documents outlining his commands in the Army of the Frontier, Department of Eastern Arkansas, and command of the 1st and 2nd Divisions of the XV Corps. Other orders pertain to unit instructions for both the Battle of Newtonia (Missouri) and the Battle of Helena. Most of the reports pertain to the Battle of Helena and include unit casualty and effective strength numbers, and an oversized list of officers recommended for promotion from individual units of the 13th Division. Other reports include an interesting medical inspection report of the 13th Division and Salomon's report on the Camden Expedition (Arkansas) during the Red River Campaign. Correspondence relate to Salomon's success as a commander and include a congratulatory letter from Brigadier General Leonard Ross praising Salomon and the 13th Division for successfully defending Helena, various recommendations for his promotion, and two letters praising Salomon for his command skills. Other manuscripts include farewell addresses from Major General Frederick Steele and Brigadier General Ross and documents concerning the mustering out of service for Salomon and his brother, Charles. Of particular interest is a letter written to Salomon while serving as commander of occupational forces from the commander of the 23rd Ohio Light Artillery Battalion requesting that Salomon release them from duty and allow the men to return home. Originally from Germany, Salomon settled in Manitowoc and was the highest ranking officer from the city during the war. Salomon was appointed surveyor general of Utah Territory after the war, and died in Salt Lake City in 1897.

Language: English

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