Adam Bartosz Papers, 1917-1980

Summary Information
Title: Adam Bartosz Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1917-1980

  • Bartosz, Adam, 1894-1980
Call Number: Micro 908; Milwaukee Micro 35; Stevens Point Micro 18; M82-157

Quantity: 1 reel of microfilm (35 mm); plus additions of 0.2 c.f.

Archival Locations:
UW-Milwaukee Libraries, Archives / Milwaukee Area Research Ctr. (Map)
UW-Stevens Point Library / Stevens Point Area Research Ctr. (Map)
Wisconsin Historical Society (Map)

Poetry, plays, literary writings and newspaper articles by and about Bartosz, editor-in-chief (1954-1973) and editor (1937-1954) of the Stevens Point Gwiazda Polarna. Among the newspaper articles is a series which comprises his 1931 “History of the Polonian Press” in the United States, articles about prominent individuals connected with the Polish press, and his compilation of Gwiazda Polarna news clippings, circa 1968, entitled “60 Years of Gwiazda Polarna, Stevens Point and 105 Years of Polish Press in America.” There is also a run of Bartosz's weekly column in the Gwiazda Polarna, 1938-1940, 1959-1970. Bartosz's personal writings include a short play, a one-act sketch, typewritten poems, and a handwritten volume of poetry, dated 1917. Most of the material is in Polish. Also included is correspondence, as well as other records related to Polish heritage activities.


The Original Collection portion of this collection is available only on microfilm.

Duplicate copies of the microfilm are at both the Milwaukee and the Stevens Point Area Research Centers.

Language: Polish, English

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Adam Bartosz, one of twelve children of Ferdynand (1861-1943) and Bronislawa Wozowicz (1864-1926) Bartosz, was born 13 January 1894 in Gora Robczycka, Galicja or Austrian Poland. Due to a serious accident he had only a few years of formal schooling in Poland but was an avid reader. His first poetry was published when he was twelve years old. Bartosz arrived in the United States in 1913, and settled in the Baltimore area. He attended high school at night (graduating in 1927) and in 1931 earned a law degree at the University of Baltimore. That same year Bartosz started a law office in Baltimore. However, Bartosz's main interest was journalism and creative writing. In 1916 he became editor of the Polish-language journal Postep (Progress), and from 1921 to 1937 he edited the Jednosc-Polonia (Unity-Polonia). Bartosz took a position on the editorial board of the Stevens Point, Wisconsin newspaper Gwiazda Polarna (Polar Star) and its associated journal, Rolnik (Farmer) in October 1937. He succeeded Paul Klimowicz of Wausau as editor-in-chief in 1954. In that capacity, Bartosz continued the paper's long tradition of service to Polish immigrants in the United States. Bartosz stressed the Gwiazda Polarna's many duties: to acquaint immigrants with American laws, history and customs; to help in construction of parochial schools, churches, and hospitals; to help immigrants learn English; and to stress involvement in civic and cultural organizations. Bartosz also initiated and wrote the column “Talks of the Grandpa” as a platform for discussion of issues of all types. He retired from the Gwiazda Polarna in 1973.

In addition to his journalistic career, Bartosz was active in several Polish cultural and fraternal groups, among them the Polish National Alliance, which he joined in 1923, and the Sokol (Polish Falcons). He continued his interest in poetry and writing, and in 1934 published a collection of his poems, Szara Godzina (At the Twilight). Bartosz published poetry at other times in periodicals and newspapers, and also published a three-act play. In addition, he taught classes in Polish and English, and studied Esperanto.

In 1918 Bartosz married Wanda Biedron (d. 1928); the couple were the parents of three children, Robert, Wallace, and Mira. In 1929 Bartosz married Bronislawa (Bernice) Dombrowski; their son was Jerome. Bronislawa Bartosz also played an important role in the production of the Gwiazda Polarna. For twenty-two years she was editor of the women's page of the newspaper, and in addition, she proofread the galley proofs. Both of the Bartoszes maintained an active interest in Polish culture and language, and assisted Polish refugees and immigrants whenever possible. Adam Bartosz died on 19 July 1980; he was survived by his widow.

Arrangement of the Materials

This collection was received in multiple parts from the donor(s) and is organized into 2 major parts. These materials have not been physically interfiled and researchers might need to consult more than one part to locate similar materials.

Administrative/Restriction Information
Acquisition Information

Presented by Bernice Bartosz, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, 1981. Accession Number: M81-375

Processing Information

Prepared for microfilming by Mark Thiel and Menzi Behrnd-Klodt, October 1981.

Contents List
Micro 908/Milwaukee Micro 35/Stevens Point Micro 18
Part 1 (Micro 908, Milwaukee Micro 35, Stevens Point Micro 18): Original Collection, 1917-1975
Physical Description: 1 reel of microfilm (35 mm) 
Scope and Content Note

The collection illustrates Bartosz's personal and professional literary work, the history of the Gwiazda Polarna, and the history of the Polish press in the United States. Bartosz's career as a journalist and free-lance writer is seen in the run of his Gwiazda Polarna columns, 1938-1940, 1959-1970: and in the two issues of Postep (August and September 1919, volume 4, numbers 8 and 9) which contain articles by Bartosz. There is also a short play, W Niebie, published in the newspaper in 1937, and an undated one-act sketch in English, entitled Conjugate Mazur!, written by Bartosz under the pseudonym John Marchewka. Examples of Bartosz's poetry include a handwritten volume, dated 1917, Bloomfield, New Jersey, in which Bartosz also pasted pertinent newspaper clippings. There are several examples of typewritten poetry, with newspaper clippings, some of which concern publication of Szara Godzina; these items are mostly in Polish, and date from 1917-1934. In addition to Bartosz's other works is a series of newspaper clippings in Polish, which comprise his 1931 “History of the Polonian Press” in the United States. These also include articles about prominent individuals connected with the Polish press, and Bartosz's compilation of Gwiazda Polarna news clippings entitled “60 Years of Gwiazda Polarna, Stevens Point and 105 Years of Polish Press in America” (which was printed in 1968). As of 1981, the Gwiazda Polarna continues to appear; it is Wisconsin's only remaining Polish language newspaper, and the largest Polish language weekly in the nation. Its companion, Rolnik, ceased publication in 1960.

Researchers should also consult the tape-recorded interviews conducted with Adam and Bernice Bartosz 28 October 1974 by Richard Zeitlin as part of the Ethnic Heritage Studies Project. In the interviews the Bartoszes discuss their parentage, background, farm life, ethnic and cultural remembrances, religious life, family and community customs and activities and politics and intergroup relations in the community.

Reel   1
Frame   1-25
Biographical Sketches
Gwiazda Polarna Columns
Reel   1
Frame   26-50
Reel   1
Frame   51-75
1940, 1959
Reel   1
Frame   76-100
Reel   1
Frame   101-125
Reel   1
Frame   126-150
1970s, undated
Literary Writings
Reel   1
Frame   151-200
Reel   1
Frame   201-225
1937, undated
Reel   1
Frame   226-250
1917-1918, 1928, undated
Reel   1
Frame   251-275
1929, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1957, undated
Reel   1
Frame   276-350
“History of the Polonian Press,”
Reel   1
Frame   351-375
Reel   1
Frame   376-400
1968, undated
Reel   1
Frame   401-425
1968, late 1960s, 1971, 1973, 1981, undated
Reel   1
Frame   426-450
Part 2 (M82-157): Additions, 1919-1980
Physical Description: 0.2 c.f. (1 archives box) 
Scope and Content Note: Correspondence, clippings, programs from musical events, and publications by Bartosz, pertaining to Polish heritage activities.