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Anderson, A. C. (Alfred Conrad), 1887-, et al. / Soil survey of Manitowoc County, Wisconsin

Soils,   pp. 8-28 PDF (7.7 MB)

Page 25

  This soil is largely in farms, and most of it is or has been culti-
vated. Some is allowed to remain idle part of the time because of
low yields. It is a poor soil for general farming, being best suited
to special truck crops which can be highly fertilized with profit.
Much of the land is used for growing wax and stringless green beans.
Some potatoes, rye, and corn are grown, but yields are low. Truck
growing is highly developed, as much of the soil is well located in
respect to local markets and shipping facilities.
                       SAUGATUCK FINE SAND
  The surface soil of Saugatuck fine sand to a depth of about 4
inches is dark grayish-brown loamy fine sand. Between depths of
4 and 12 inches is a gray loose fine sand layer; from 12 to 19 inches
is reddish-brown fine sand; and from 19 to 27 inches is slightly com-
pact, pale grayish-yellow medium sand mottled with rust, red. At
this depth a coffee-brown cemented sand or ortstein layer is found
in much of this soil which is a typical water podsol. Below a depth
of 27 inches there is pale yellowish-gray water-logged medium sand.
  This soil is of minor importance. It occurs along Lake Michigan,
chiefly in the northeast part of the county. Areas are low, level, and
rather poorly drained. They occur chiefly on the first terrace above
the level of Lake Michigan, in most places from 5 to 10 feet aiove the
level of the lake. Some of the land has been cleared and farmed, but
it is a poor soil and little of it is utilized at present except for pasture.
                         GRANBY FINE SAND
  The surface soil of Granby fine sand to a depth of 4 inches is nearly
black fine sandy loam with a high content of organic matter. Below
this is a 2-inch layer of dark-brown or grayish-drab loam. The next
lower layer, continuing to a depth of 3 or more feet, is pale yellowish-
gray wet very fine sand. In places a thin layer of peaty material is
over the surface, and in other places the surface soil is more sandy
than typical. After cultivation this soil appears more sandy, as some
of the organic matter is lost and some is mixed with the lower soil.
The soil and subsoil are usually acid.
  This is an unimportant soil occurring chiefly in the vicinity of Two
Rivers. It occupies river and lake terraces and is often called a
marsh-border soil. Tracts are low, level, and poorly drained. Most
of the land is unimproved and must be drained before it can be
                        BRIDGMAN FINE SAND
  Bridgman fine sand to a depth of 2 inches consists of dark-gray fine
sand containing some leaf mold. This is underlain to a depth of 36
or more inches by light-gray loose incoherent fine sand made up
mostly of quartz.
  The material forming this soil has been thrown up by wave action
and then acted on by the wind. The largest area is northeast of Two
Rivers along the shore of Lake Michigan. The land surface is from
2 to 12 feet above the lake and has a billowy appearance.
  Because of its loose consistence the soil does not retain moisture
well, but the water table is sufficiently close to the surface to allow
timber to grow in places. Some marshy strips are between the low

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