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Our first 100 years, 1857-1957
([1957])

The early days--1857-1900,   pp. 2-19 PDF (6.7 MB)


Page 10


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1864-College Ave., west of Morrison St.
of them speckled the diaries of young ladies
and letters to absent relatives. Industrial
development was steady, thanks to Appleton's
natural good fortune. For in the 39 miles
from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay, the Fox
river drops 170 feet, of which 88 per cent is
within Outagamie county.
  That means water power in abundance.
Lumbering and lumber processing, as barrel
factories and construction of plank roads
gobbled up wood; flour mills flourishing until
the westward movement of wheat processing
concentration on the Mississippi; and the
paper mills-backbone of a century of in-
dustrial progress-these were the broad out-
lines of early manufacturing. The Appleton
mills of C. P. Richmond commenced operation
in 1854 making wrapping paper, and by 1857
were making newsprint for the Appleton
Crescent. The old mill stood at the site of the
Interlake mill on E. John street. Fox River
Paper corporation started in 1883; then came
the Atlas mill. The first woolen mill was built
in 1861-and so it goes. Industrial progress
has been diversified and stable.
  Appleton's military record in its first half-
century was a memorable one, from the day
when Professor Henry Pomeroy of Lawrence
University mathematics department depart-
ed for the war between the states with a
goodly representation of collegians, to the
spring more than 30 years later when his son,
Captain Hugh Pomeroy, commanded Com-
pany G of the Second Wisconsin Vol. Inf. di-
vision through its Spanish war active duty in
Puerto Rico. A Civil war cavalry company,
the "dragoons," captained    by  Theodore
Conkey, became part of the Third Wisconsin
cavalry; Captain Welcome Hyde's Doran
guards with 83 county men became part of
the 7th Wisconsin regiment.
  While their parents built their homes and
tinkered with new-fangled notions like the
telephone and the electric street car, young-
sters growing up in early Appleton played in
an early developing system of parks-City
park was purchased in 1881 for $13,000;
went to school in a solidly established system
beginning with the first free public school
taught by Daniel Huntley in 1850; and
worshipped with their elders in heartily sup-
ported churches of every denomination, be-
ginning long before even village incorpora-
tion. The first Catholic mass was celebrated
in 1848 at the home of Hippolyte Grignon in
1848; the first sermon preached in Appleton
was delivered by Elder William H. Sampson
in the Johnston home on Oct. 8, 1848--an-
other first for the Johnston family, which is
represented in Appleton today by Alden
Johnston, great-grand-nephew of the inde-
fatigable pioneer.
   In their tiny library of 1887; at Lawrence
university; in hundreds of homes and busi-
nesses and mills and clubs and military
organizations, Appletonians lived out their
first 50 years. Conscious or not of the tre-
mendous progress stretching through the
century ahead, they loved their community
and led their full lives there. The trail of
progress along the green shored Fox river,
from pioneer trail to turn of century, was a
steady one, but only a glimmer of what was
to come.
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