Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / The Wisconsin horticulturist: issued monthly, under the management of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the purpose of disseminating the horticultural information collected through the agency of the society
Vol. I, No. 6 (August 1896)
Vaughan, B. M.
Trees and plants in Wood County, pp. 9-11 PDF (604.2 KB)
WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. the use of their society quite an extensive library of valuable works and publications on horticulture: I presume it is in order to report how fruits came through last winter and spring, and how they now look. Of our two hundred apple trees set in the spring of 1895 all but forty are dead. The trees, when set, looked healthy and vwgorouis anid all but seven started well. Tfle soil on which they- were set was a rich. wvell drained,. deep sandy loami, with clay sub-soil at depth of five to eight feet. Water alwvavs stands above this cla~y to a depth of one to tvo feet, but nowhere staIlds within. four feet of the sur- face of the ground. The trees were cultivated during the season. Potatoes, beans and squash wvere grow n aniong them. Last fall most of the trees ripened their wvood in fairly good condition but did not lookl as thrifty as I desired. Microscopic examination showel that the cells of the twigs were not as well filled with starch as I thouligt they should be-vere not as well filled as all apple twigs of healthy trees that I had examined in pre- vious years, had been. This sprin.g the greater poart of these trees started new leaves. When the leaves wvere about 3 to A inch long we had1 a cold night (xvith frost in some locations) and in a day oAi two most of these !oung leaves were dead. Sonie of the most vi-gorolis looking trees at once grewv newv leaves and now look wiell, but niost of the trees either failed to start new leaves at all or the newv leaives. once started. did not grow to nornial size. alid thiese alre now- all dead hit twvo. I dug several of thiese dead and dlinig trees and found: 1st-That some had roots devad from the graft tnion down- 2n(l-That others had apiparently healthy roots and bark but had started no new- growth of rootlets, and. :3r(1-Thlat otherl s hald root. l)ark and top dead and shriveled. Quite as large a per cent. of the hardy varieties died as of tile less hlardy ones. My! Alinnetonkas all died. also some 1)Ducliess and Transcendents. Mv tamie plums acted in tile same manliner. Four of the twxenlty are alive. Osthefim and Earlv Richmond cherries on 10
Based on date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use, see http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright