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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)

Toole, William, Sr.
Our Wisconsin native trees,   pp. 126-135 PDF (2.6 MB)

Page 127

woods with the snow view, which would be so monotonous if
not thus relieved.
There is much to be seen in the woods in winter that is in-
teresting. Then, more than at any other time, we realize how
much the woodlands shelter and maintain the wild life, which is
the joy of the hunter, and a pest to the farmer.
We find in the snow tracks of the tiny mouse, also the rabbit,
squirrel, and fox, to deer, while about the trees we find evidences
of raccoons and porcupines. Then the woodman makes the
acquaintance of the friendly chickadee, and the daring nuthatch
among birds. Indeed, we would sadly miss our native trees and
shrubs if they were removed from our landscape, even if we
retained them about our homes.
In the past we have thought of the planting of trees mainly
for street and roadside decoration, with some trees about the
house for shade, and we have given less thought than we should
to the value of some kinds for ornamental use aside from shad-
ing purposes.
This paper is written with a desire to draw attention to the
usefulness of the various species of trees, hoping that some
may be led to seek a closer acquaintance with the distinctive qual-
ities of the various genera and species of Wisconsin native trees.
A paper of this kind must necessarily be brief, but anyone in-
terested in the subject can find closer descriptions to identify
kinds in Gray's Manual of Botany.
Taking up the consideration of kinds of trees in botanical
sequence, the evergreens are first in order and pines should head
the list. Evergreens on private grounds are not planted as
much as they should be and I think not so freely as they have
been, probably because so many mistakes of placing have been
made in the past.
It has been necessary to cut out many beautiful evergreens
on home grounds because they have been put where there was
not room for them to develop. Considered from an economic
standpoint the White pine-Pinus strobus-is the most important
of our evergreens, and, when rightly placed, there is no kind more
valuable for decorative purposes.
We should bear in mind that the time will come, with age,
when the conical or pyramidal form which is adopted as a stereo-

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