Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Peterson, P. A.
The poplar trial orchard and my impressions of fruit growing in Douglas County, pp. 66-69 PDF (1009.3 KB)
P- - :of _________r__:_i -: ' i 7-ti; 68 Fnry-nRsT ANNUAL REPorT OF several years ago and those of the original plantings are about "all ini." The Duchess and Patten Greening, of which varieties we have the most trees, are also showing disease and are gradually dying out, so, if this orchard is to be maintained, it will be necessary in the future, as in the past, to replant many trees each year. The Hyslop and Transcendent crabs are doing well. The Tran- scendents, especially, have made a remarkable growth, but have only produced two crops of any consequence so far. The Hyslop trees are smaller, but bear more regularly. The plums have done fairly well and for a time it looked as if they might prove profitable, but late spring frosts or early fall frosts have caught them several times, so only four crops have been marketed in 16 years. The Surprise, Wyant and DeSoto are the most dependable, in order named, with the taboo on Rockford. Last August I visited orchards at Oshkosh, Baraboo and Gays Mills and, comparing them with our trial orchard at Poplar, I found that the trees had a healthier and smoother bark and that trees ten to twelve years old were as large as ours at sixteen, and came into bearing at an earlier age. There are scores of small farm orchards in Douglas county containing from a dozen trees to one acre and probably a dozen orchards of from two to ten acres; not more than one or two of the latter over ten years old, but as these orchards, with possibly one exception, have been indifferently cared for or neglected entirely, they are of little value in determining the possibilities of fruit raising, but based entirely on results obtained in the Poplar and Maple trial orchards, I am fully convinced that fruit grow- ing, except the small fruits, cannot become profitable from a commercial standpoint. First, because trees are late coming into bearing and are short lived-Hibernals excepted. Second, be- cause, being restricted to a few of the early varieties, there is only market for a limited quantity at the head of the lakes, since we come in competition with southern Wisconsin and Iowa Wealthys and our Duchess, and Wealthys come on just about the time that early winter varieties come in from Michigan and elsewhere. However, I firmly believe that any farmer in our county, except on some of the light sandy soils, can have a nice little home or-
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