Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year ending July 1, 1921
Vol. LI (1921)
Peterson, P. A.
The poplar trial orchard and my impressions of fruit growing in Douglas County, pp. 66-69 PDF (1009.3 KB)
WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SocITr . 67 This was effectively remedied in 1908 by laying over 9,000 feet of tile. Tiling, on our heavy and seemingly impervious clay, was something of an experiment and we had our doubts about the water ever getting down to the tile after the trenches were filled in and the earth settled, but it worked from the start and is still working satisfactorily. Another great trouble that we had before tiling was that the warm rains in September would start a new wood growth, which did not mature before cold weather set in and, therefore, would freeze back each winter. The orchard, except a triangular piece of about half an acre that is cut off by a small watercourse, making it rather unhandy to cultivate, has been cultivated every year, so this was seeded down in 1907 and has been in sod ever since. It has proved to be quite an object lesson, as the trees on that plot, although manured several times and the grass left to rot down for many years, the trees are less than half as large as where cultivated and the fruit crop has been very light and of small size. During the last three or four years we have put some manure on the orchard and the results have been apparent by a more rapid wood growth and healthier looking foliage. I believe that the good yields in 1919 and 1920 were largely a result of this manuring. I would like to stop here, but if I am to tell the truth and the whole truth, I must continue and tell the rest of the story. Right from the beginning most of the trees showed a slow growth and commenced to "black heart." In a couple of years after planting we had only six or seven varieties of apples left; most of the plums and only two or three cherry trees. Of the varieties of apples now growing, there is only one that appears entirely hardy and that is Hibernal. The others come in about the following order: Duchess, Dudley, Patten Greening, Long- field, (too small to have any commercial value), Wealthy and Mc- Mahan. I would also like to include as being fairly hardy Yel- low Transparent. These have not been tried out in the Poplar orchard, but there are some in the Maple orchard and I planted some about twenty years ago. They seem fully as hardy as Duchess and so far have been free from blight. Of the McMahan only a few trees remain, but these seem to do fairly well. The Wealthys commenced to show signs of canker blight and decay L -
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