Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Hatch, A. L.
The Door County fruit district, pp. 212-214 PDF (995.3 KB)
WINTE MEETING. 213 great capacity to endure frost if it should occur. Not only is the bloom thus made hardy but the severest cold to which trees are subjected is abated in such a way that no injury results. These conditions are brought about by the influence of the lake and bay water upon the climate. And these influences are per- manent and reliable-something to be always counted on as a factor in fruit culture here. Another asset of this water influence upon the climate is its effect upon the character and quality of the fruit itself. This is very markedly shown in the keeping and shipping quality of the fruit grown here. Never subjected to the long continued and high temperatures of regions south and inland the fruit of all kinds has a firmer and better texture usually that adds very much to its life and capacity to endure shipment without hurt. Of -all the cherries, for instance, that I have grown here, amounting to several thousand bushels, I do not remember any loss from fail- ure to hold up in shipment. Any variety of apple that we grow will keep much longer than the same variety grown elsewhere in Wisconsin. Not only can we end the market with Duchess and Wealthy when others have done, but we can furnish such sorts as Snow apples in fine condition well into winter. And still more we have some kinds that will keep till spring as sound as desired. These facts point to a fine field of profitable apple culture that is now beginning to attract some attention. The soils of Door county peninsula are founded upon Niagara limestone. Both in the pine and hardwood region it is a very valuable factor for fruit growing. When properly selected es- pecially with reference to depth above the bed rock, subsoil and exposure, it ranks well with that of any other region. Here clover and all grasses thrive finely, assuring the conditions to secure desired humus and soil enrichment. The first commercial planting of the cherry was made in 1896-8 by myself and the late Prof. E. S. Goff of Madison, Wis. In the latter year I induced Mr. A. W. Lawrence to plant five acres and from the success of these and other orchards the possibility of very profitable cherry growing has been fully demonstrated. Ever since the trees were large enough to bear they have borne paying crops, the combined crop of last season amounting to over seven thousand crates or about 13 carloads. For a series of five or six years the average net returns would capitalize the land at over $3,000 per acre. There is promise of some younger U I I U I I U I I U I I U I I U I I U I I U I I U I I i
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