Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Post, R. L.
The small fruit plantation, pp. 207-212 PDF (1.3 MB)
WISCONSIN STATE HoBTIcuLTuRLB SOCIeTy. the extent of damage they may cause. This is especially true as regards those pests which cannot be held in check by spray- ing, although the same principle applies to the others as well. For this reason alone it would seem the diversification for the purpose of rotation were more than justified. Perhaps this may appear to be a rather sweeping statement, but to those who have seen, for example, a strawberry bed almost wholly destroyed by the white grub, it will not seem unreasonable. I suppose it is scarcely necessary to speak of the other benefits derived from rotation. One of these is the maintenance of good physical conditions in the soil, which results in the greater avail- ability of the fertilizing constituents, with a consequent superior quality of product. An economical use of the fertilizing ele- ments is another important advantage. The utilization of labor which results from rotation and diversification will be discussed under a different head. Perhaps the most common error which a grower is apt to make in connection with rotation arises from the fact that a particular piece of land seems peculiarly adapted to the production of a certain crop. For the mere reason that the crops are better than the average the first year or two, he is inclined to assume that such a condition of things will continue indefinitely, and will not only defer turning under the patch until after it has seriously declined in usefulness, but even after it is plowed he will replant it with the same fruit without devoting the land for more than a year or two to the growth of unrelated species, such as vegetables. We are apt to forget that a setting of small fruit occupies the land for a number of years, instead of one year, and that other crops in the rotation should be grown for a corresponding length of time. True, it may be possible so to care for the plants that the same fruit may be produced successfully for a long period, but it is evident that, with increasing age, the difficulties of main- taining proper tilth, fighting weeds, and controlling pests will necessitate a greater and greater expenditure of labor and money. The second object of growing a wide range of products is to make possible the development of a comparatively fancy trade. We know that in most cities almost every consumer has a some- what different taste from that of his neighbor, and therefore it behooves the grower to take advantage of these preferences. In so doing he will almost unconsciously exercise greater care in growing, harvesting and marketing the crop than he otherwise 208
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