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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Post, R. L.
The small fruit plantation,   pp. 207-212 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 208


WISCONSIN STATE HoBTIcuLTuRLB  SOCIeTy.
the extent of damage they may cause. This is especially true
as regards those pests which cannot be held in check by spray-
ing, although the same principle applies to the others as well.
For this reason alone it would seem the diversification for the
purpose of rotation were more than justified. Perhaps this may
appear to be a rather sweeping statement, but to those who have
seen, for example, a strawberry bed almost wholly destroyed by
the white grub, it will not seem unreasonable.
I suppose it is scarcely necessary to speak of the other benefits
derived from rotation. One of these is the maintenance of good
physical conditions in the soil, which results in the greater avail-
ability of the fertilizing constituents, with a consequent superior
quality of product. An economical use of the fertilizing ele-
ments is another important advantage. The utilization of labor
which results from rotation and diversification will be discussed
under a different head.
Perhaps the most common error which a grower is apt to make
in connection with rotation arises from the fact that a particular
piece of land seems peculiarly adapted to the production of a
certain crop. For the mere reason that the crops are better than
the average the first year or two, he is inclined to assume that
such a condition of things will continue indefinitely, and will not
only defer turning under the patch until after it has seriously
declined in usefulness, but even after it is plowed he will replant
it with the same fruit without devoting the land for more than a
year or two to the growth of unrelated species, such as vegetables.
We are apt to forget that a setting of small fruit occupies the
land for a number of years, instead of one year, and that other
crops in the rotation should be grown for a corresponding length
of time. True, it may be possible so to care for the plants that
the same fruit may be produced successfully for a long period,
but it is evident that, with increasing age, the difficulties of main-
taining proper tilth, fighting weeds, and controlling pests will
necessitate a greater and greater expenditure of labor and money.
The second object of growing a wide range of products is to
make possible the development of a comparatively fancy trade.
We know that in most cities almost every consumer has a some-
what different taste from that of his neighbor, and therefore it
behooves the grower to take advantage of these preferences. In
so doing he will almost unconsciously exercise greater care in
growing, harvesting and marketing the crop than he otherwise
208


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