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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Melville, J. G., et al.
The Northwestern Greening apple,   pp. 125-137 PDF (2.8 MB)

Page 126

start; even surpassing the Wolf River trees, which I planted
at the same time. The second winter after I planted my Green-
ings the weather came very cold and dry. Nearly half of the
older trees of Greenings that my neighbors had planted several
years before died that winter or the next year. I think it was
because they bore quite heavy the year before. My Greenings
looked rather sickly after this severe winter but all lived; the
Wolf Rivers lived also but the Ben Davis and Baldwins all died.
Since that winter my Greenings have made a fine growth and
are now the largest apple tre. s on the farm for their age. They
have a tendency to rot in the heart where the land is too rich.
I expect to make money off of my Greening trees as they have
borne two good crops already; and I expect a bumper crop
next year as I have mulched them heavy with straw manure.
I will try and make them bear as much as possible and as fast
as possible for we might have another cold and dry winter; so
much dreaded by people here in the settlement.
As a dessert apple the Greening, I believe, is nearly a failure,
but because of its fine appearance it sells well as a cooking
apple and it is said to be good as a cooking apple. Of that
however, I cannot speak from experience as I have never used
them in my own family.
I was rather unlucky with my Greenings last season.  We
had a snow storm in October and it froze quite hard and I
picked them off the trees while they were still frozen. The
Greenings, Longfields, Gideons were badly rotted while the
Wealthys, McIntosh Reds and Snows were not injured in the
The Greening, ordinarily will keep until, I believe, the first
of Mareh and is therefore a winter apple and will keep that long
in a nice firm condition unless it has been much frosted before
picking. After that it seems to go to pieces quickly.
I would not include it in the list of the five best apples for
the home orchard for my own use. It is too poor in quality.
I would include it in the list of the five best apples for the
commercial orchard. It is hard and solid and should ship well
and sells well and I would say would be about third best apple
for a commercial orchard.
I would hesitate to plant too heavily of the Greening as I do
not consider it entirely hardy. An unfavorable winter might
kill too many of the trees. In our section we are very much

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