Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Melville, J. G., et al.
The Northwestern Greening apple, pp. 125-137 PDF (2.8 MB)
WISCONSIN STATE HoaicuLTuiRAL SOCKSTY. start; even surpassing the Wolf River trees, which I planted at the same time. The second winter after I planted my Green- ings the weather came very cold and dry. Nearly half of the older trees of Greenings that my neighbors had planted several years before died that winter or the next year. I think it was because they bore quite heavy the year before. My Greenings looked rather sickly after this severe winter but all lived; the Wolf Rivers lived also but the Ben Davis and Baldwins all died. Since that winter my Greenings have made a fine growth and are now the largest apple tre. s on the farm for their age. They have a tendency to rot in the heart where the land is too rich. I expect to make money off of my Greening trees as they have borne two good crops already; and I expect a bumper crop next year as I have mulched them heavy with straw manure. I will try and make them bear as much as possible and as fast as possible for we might have another cold and dry winter; so much dreaded by people here in the settlement. As a dessert apple the Greening, I believe, is nearly a failure, but because of its fine appearance it sells well as a cooking apple and it is said to be good as a cooking apple. Of that however, I cannot speak from experience as I have never used them in my own family. I was rather unlucky with my Greenings last season. We had a snow storm in October and it froze quite hard and I picked them off the trees while they were still frozen. The Greenings, Longfields, Gideons were badly rotted while the Wealthys, McIntosh Reds and Snows were not injured in the least. The Greening, ordinarily will keep until, I believe, the first of Mareh and is therefore a winter apple and will keep that long in a nice firm condition unless it has been much frosted before picking. After that it seems to go to pieces quickly. I would not include it in the list of the five best apples for the home orchard for my own use. It is too poor in quality. I would include it in the list of the five best apples for the commercial orchard. It is hard and solid and should ship well and sells well and I would say would be about third best apple for a commercial orchard. I would hesitate to plant too heavily of the Greening as I do not consider it entirely hardy. An unfavorable winter might kill too many of the trees. In our section we are very much 126
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