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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)

Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session,   pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)

Page 111

WINTER MEETING.                  111
However I do not advise growing squashes unles you have the
market or grow mammoth kinds fol stock feeding on the farm.
In my part of the state, I have seen no necessity for cover
crops, as we usually have plenty of snow, and I have always
considered that a cover crop takes too much moisture from the
soil, especially in a dry fall and a winter when it freezes up
without rain.
The most severe winter, that I ever experienced, was preceded
by a dry fall and I had a young orchard in which beans had
been grown, the snow was deep, and I did not lose a tree.
I do not want to go on record as saying that clean cultivation
is not advisable, as I think, under some conditions, it may be the
best way. But I have found that I could grow a crop and trees
at the same time, without having the crop cost more than it is
However, with the average farmer, with little and expensive
help, I think clean cultivation might be best, but by all means
cultivate. The partial cultivation and partial mulch system
looks to me like an excuse only.
W. H. MARSH, Antigo.
As my experience has been somewhat limited along this line,
I will not take up the time that might perhaps be better used
by others. I will say, however, that I have worked more along
the grass culture line. The trees have made a very good show-
ing, a little slower growth, perhaps than if cultivated but they
are coming well to fruiting. The grasshopper proposition
presented itself in a very striking manner this summer and in
looking over other orchards I am well satisfied that cultivation
is the proper method to be used. But as far as I have worked
out the thing, I like the small cultivated crop system in prefer-
ence to clean cultivation. I think potatoes and beans are all
D. E. BINGHAM, Sturgeon Bay.
For fourteen years we have been practicing cultivation of or-
chards.  In that- time we followed about the plan which I
am going to give you. We crop our orchards from the time they

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