Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session, pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)
WINTER MEETING. 111 However I do not advise growing squashes unles you have the market or grow mammoth kinds fol stock feeding on the farm. In my part of the state, I have seen no necessity for cover crops, as we usually have plenty of snow, and I have always considered that a cover crop takes too much moisture from the soil, especially in a dry fall and a winter when it freezes up without rain. The most severe winter, that I ever experienced, was preceded by a dry fall and I had a young orchard in which beans had been grown, the snow was deep, and I did not lose a tree. I do not want to go on record as saying that clean cultivation is not advisable, as I think, under some conditions, it may be the best way. But I have found that I could grow a crop and trees at the same time, without having the crop cost more than it is worth. However, with the average farmer, with little and expensive help, I think clean cultivation might be best, but by all means cultivate. The partial cultivation and partial mulch system looks to me like an excuse only. W. H. MARSH, Antigo. As my experience has been somewhat limited along this line, I will not take up the time that might perhaps be better used by others. I will say, however, that I have worked more along the grass culture line. The trees have made a very good show- ing, a little slower growth, perhaps than if cultivated but they are coming well to fruiting. The grasshopper proposition presented itself in a very striking manner this summer and in looking over other orchards I am well satisfied that cultivation is the proper method to be used. But as far as I have worked out the thing, I like the small cultivated crop system in prefer- ence to clean cultivation. I think potatoes and beans are all right. D. E. BINGHAM, Sturgeon Bay. For fourteen years we have been practicing cultivation of or- chards. In that- time we followed about the plan which I am going to give you. We crop our orchards from the time they i i I I I I t I i I i
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