Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Moore, J. G., et al.
Orchard tillage session, pp. 106-117 PDF (2.5 MB)
108 WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. In a four year rotation, beans would replace potatoes as the first crop grown. In a longer period of cropping, corn might be used advantageously providing it was kept considerable d stance from the trees. The question of the pcrtion of land which may be used in orchard cropping is one which is open to various opinions. It will depend first, upon the distance between the trees, and second, upon the age of the orchard. Personally, I would prefer leav- ing a strip in a newly planted orchard of from three to four feet which would be devoted entirely to the growth of the trees. As the size of the trees increased from year to year, this space would be gradually increased. At all times it would be advis- able to give to the trees all of the soil through which the roots permeated, and use only that unoccupied by the trees for the crop which is to be removed. The mistake is too often made of growing other crops too close to the trees resulting in injury to the tree which oftentimes is not merely temporary but permanent. DR. T. E. LOOPE. If we assume an ideal location, an ideal climate and an ideal condition of soil found in a few irrigation districts, with the five acres or more to be depended on when fully developed for a livelihood then if the pocket be well filled with shining golden eagles we should cultivate exclusively allowing neither weed, grass or other crop to grow. However I have presupposed that the problem given above related solely to Wisconsin, that the person planting the "5 acres or more" was not wholly a horti- culturist and was not depending entirely for the support of himself and family upon the proceeds of this small orchard. My idea was that it applied to the farmer who had other acres to till and that this orchard was to supplement his income and provide fruit for his family and it should supply not only fruit but enthusiasm, interest and joy while growing and de- light in its beauty and fruitfulness. Again it might be a horticulturist who had an additional 5 acres not utilized and who being a horticulturist had a surplus of enthusiasm, so much so that when he decided to plant the orchard could already, with that eye of faith so common among the cult, see the growing trees the later blossoms and lastly im- I I i I
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