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Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society. Proceedings, essays and reports at the annual winter meetings, held at Madison, Feb. 1, 2 and 3, 1870 and Feb. 7, 8 and 9, 1871
(1871 [covers 1870/1871])

Gould, Mr.
Crabs for stocks,   pp. 35-36 PDF (431.1 KB)

List of fruits,   pp. 36-37 PDF (425.3 KB)

Page 36

his trees; but with the crabs for stocks he had lost no trees from root-killing.
had found no trouble in working varieties on the crab.
Mr. STIONJRY had worked a few hundred trees on the crab stocks, and found
they did wel, but they were dwarfs. Many of them had loaded down with fruit,
and the fruit was smaller than usual. He knew no good reason why the crab
not a good stock for the purpose of dwarfing, as many varieties had improved
these stocks. He expected to get dwarfs and half standards on such; but for
eral use he doubted the propriety of their use. He found, however, the roots
double those on any other kinds he had used.
Mr. GouLD did not think the dwarf objection of any weight. We wanted dwarfs
out west, if we could not have hardy trees without Hardy stocks are absolutely
necessary to hardy trees. Root-killing has been the great trouble with even
best sorts of trees. He had become so convinced of this necessity for hardy
that that he had enfirely discarded all eastern and southern seeds. He found
better to pay forty dollars for a bushel of western crab seeds, than to get
the others
for five. In fact, they were worse than no stocks, as they were almost sure
to die.
Mr. PLUMB said he would not say anything in favor of dwarfing, believing
it a
humbug generally, and proceeded to show that the cion will give its essential
acter to the root, no matter what the root may be, and that to the cion we
look for the requisite qualities of-hardihood and vigor.
Mr. STICKNEY proposed the following, which was accepted by
Mr. GouLD, and was passed:
Resolved, That we think favorably of the use of the Siberian crab stocks
for the
production of very hardy apple trees, by root-grafting or budding, and recommend
that our nurserymen and amateurs experiment with them, and give us at some
ture meeting the results of their observations.
The remainder of the afternoon was spent in a revision and
discussion of the list of apples as heretofore recommended, in
which nearly all the fruit-growers took a part, and stated their
experiences, which were very diverse on most of the sorts, but
they adopted as follows:
Appkla.-lst. A select list of five, of which hardiness is the first requisite,
to which there shall be no dissenting voice, viz: Duchess of Oldenbu-g, Astra-
chan, Fameuse, Tallman Sweet, Golden Russett.
2d. List worthy of general culture for all qualities of tree and fruit: Sops
Wine, Fall Stripe. St, Lawrence, Fall Orange, Plumb's Cider, Perry Russett,
low Twig, Red Romanite, Blue Pearmain' Seek-no-further.
3d. List for trial: Sweet June, Tetofsky, Lowell, Bailey Sweet, Gros Pomier,
(Haas), Paradise, Winter Sweet, (Sweet Wime), Cable Gillfower, (Flushing),
Davis, Northern Spy, Rawle's Janet.

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