Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society. Proceedings, essays and reports at the annual winter meetings, held at Madison, Feb. 1, 2 and 3, 1870 and Feb. 7, 8 and 9, 1871
(1871 [covers 1870/1871])
Crabs for stocks, pp. 35-36 PDF (431.1 KB)
List of fruits, pp. 36-37 PDF (425.3 KB)
36 WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. his trees; but with the crabs for stocks he had lost no trees from root-killing. He had found no trouble in working varieties on the crab. Mr. STIONJRY had worked a few hundred trees on the crab stocks, and found they did wel, but they were dwarfs. Many of them had loaded down with fruit, and the fruit was smaller than usual. He knew no good reason why the crab was not a good stock for the purpose of dwarfing, as many varieties had improved on. these stocks. He expected to get dwarfs and half standards on such; but for gen- eral use he doubted the propriety of their use. He found, however, the roots nearly double those on any other kinds he had used. Mr. GouLD did not think the dwarf objection of any weight. We wanted dwarfs out west, if we could not have hardy trees without Hardy stocks are absolutely necessary to hardy trees. Root-killing has been the great trouble with even the best sorts of trees. He had become so convinced of this necessity for hardy roots, that that he had enfirely discarded all eastern and southern seeds. He found it better to pay forty dollars for a bushel of western crab seeds, than to get the others for five. In fact, they were worse than no stocks, as they were almost sure to die. Mr. PLUMB said he would not say anything in favor of dwarfing, believing it a humbug generally, and proceeded to show that the cion will give its essential char- acter to the root, no matter what the root may be, and that to the cion we must look for the requisite qualities of-hardihood and vigor. Mr. STICKNEY proposed the following, which was accepted by Mr. GouLD, and was passed: Resolved, That we think favorably of the use of the Siberian crab stocks for the production of very hardy apple trees, by root-grafting or budding, and recommend that our nurserymen and amateurs experiment with them, and give us at some fu- ture meeting the results of their observations. The remainder of the afternoon was spent in a revision and discussion of the list of apples as heretofore recommended, in which nearly all the fruit-growers took a part, and stated their experiences, which were very diverse on most of the sorts, but they adopted as follows: LIST OF FRUITS. Appkla.-lst. A select list of five, of which hardiness is the first requisite, and to which there shall be no dissenting voice, viz: Duchess of Oldenbu-g, Astra- chan, Fameuse, Tallman Sweet, Golden Russett. 2d. List worthy of general culture for all qualities of tree and fruit: Sops of Wine, Fall Stripe. St, Lawrence, Fall Orange, Plumb's Cider, Perry Russett, Wil- low Twig, Red Romanite, Blue Pearmain' Seek-no-further. 3d. List for trial: Sweet June, Tetofsky, Lowell, Bailey Sweet, Gros Pomier, (Haas), Paradise, Winter Sweet, (Sweet Wime), Cable Gillfower, (Flushing), Ben Davis, Northern Spy, Rawle's Janet.
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