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Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association. Forty-seventh annual meeting, Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, December 14, 1933. Forty-seventh summer convention, Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, August 8, 1933

Chambers, E. L.
Why insect control problems are on the increase in Wisconsin,   pp. 26-33 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 29

until the past few years when it has become a very serious pest in
nurseries where the larval stage feeds upon the roots of pine seedlings
in the seed bed.
We are frequently reminded by the lovers of birds that if nature
were left alone she would maintain her balance without the aid of
man in the way of deadly insecticides and mechanical control meth-
ods. I do not question the value of nature in her methods of main-
taining such a balance but we are so interested in securing a livelihood
today that we can not wait for nature to bring about her methods of
control which require many years time to accomplish. We know that
by eliminating cover crops and natural hiding places we have lost
many of our valuable birds, and our dislike for some of the animals,
including the skunk, has resulted in the hunting and killing of these
animals to the point where they have become almost extinct. We
know that all of these animals and birds have great value but, un-
fortunately, they sometimes do not restrict their diet to the things
that we wish them to feed upon and destroy our cultivated crops, poul-
try etc. A campaign is being conducted at the present time by the
Conservation Department to establish cover crops for quail and to en-
courage their increase in several of our southern counties. Whether
this encouragement has a selfish motive in providing birds for shoot-
ing or whether they are really interested in reducing insect population
we leave to your own conclusion.
It is only natural that the farmer, who is trying to cut down his
overhead, would eliminate the purchase of insecticides and equipment
for their application when the crops being grown do not bring in suf-
ficient revenue to much more than pay for the other items of expense
involved. Consequently, there has been permitted built up a consider-
able population of many of our very serious pests. An outstanding
example of how the farm orchards have been neglected can be gained
by traveling between Madison and Green Bay during the summer and
noticing the disappearance of the farm orchard. Most of the farm-
ers find that they can buy apples cheaper than they can produce them,
and they have too many other needs to attend to on the farm so the
orchard seeming the least necessary, is apparently the most neglected.
The canker worm. has been allowed to defoliate orchard trees year
after year for so many years that most of the trees have been killed
outright and during the past few years, aided by the work of other
pests, these orchards have practically disappeared. We have found
the potato beetle, cabbage aphis, pea aphis, San Jose scale, oyster
shell scale and many other of our most serious pests make rapid
strides recently throughout the state because of reduced effort for
their control resulting from a failure of the farmer to secure suffi-
cient return so he felt warranted in carrying expense.
In a frantic attempt to balance the budget both the State and Fed-
eral Government have been compelled to discontinue many valuable
services to the farmer and fruit grower and to reduce all projects to
a point where the aid is so greatly hampered that those receiving the
aid are very much aware of the cut. Sometimes it is hard for our
office to explain why some of our valuable projects have been cut to a

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