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Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association. Forty-fifth annual meeting, Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., December 2, 1931. Forty-fifth summer convention, Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., August 18, 1931

Scott, A. B.
Address,   pp. 6-7 PDF (559.9 KB)

Page 6

By PMxuwlT A. B. Scowr
One of the utters that greatly interests most of the cranberry
growers is water conservation. I will refer you to Mr. C. L. Lewis'
paper given in 1926, in which he stated the averages of the Weather
Bureau records of rainfall from 1871 to 1925. In order to bring this
back to you more clearly, I will repeat those figures. They are given
in ten year periods in most cames. During the years of 1871 to 1875,
the rainfall was 82.7 inches; from 1876 to 1885, it was 32.3 inches;
1886 to 1896, 287 inches; 1896 to 1905, 27.26 inches; 1906 to 1915,
27.16 inches; 1915 to 1925, 26.09 inches. We have no record of
figures since 1925, but would have ample reason to believe the rain-
fall annually shows the same percentage of decrease. In constructing
a graph to illustrate what this means, I have drawn a curve to show
the amount of rainfall It shows the rainfall during the period of
1871 to 1875 on the left band side of the graph. -The next ten years
it rose a little, but continually after that it has been decreasing, until
in 1915 to 1925 we have a little over twenty-five inches of rainfall.
There is no question but that it has been decreasing at probably about
the sm rate since then. Adding 1980 and 19S1 to it, would show, no
doubt, a considerable greater decrease than before.
As further evidence, lakes are drying up in the northern part of
the state. Lakes in the south central part of the state that have
never in history been known to be dry have dried up. One that I
know of has had people living near it for nearly ninety years, and it
has always had water in it This year it has dried up.
The reason for this decrease in rainfall, as described by weather
bureau men and scientist., is that we have been recklessly destroying
the cover to all of this land that holds moisture in the northern part
of Wisconsin. The forestry work started here quite early-I think in
1890 or in the early nineties. In that year, we saw considerable de-
crease in the amount of rainfall. The period from 1898 to 1895 was
very dry, with Arms destroying a large anount of vegetation and
If the cranberry industry is to be preserved for our future genera-
tions, it behooves the men in the industry to be vitally interested in
some method of bringing back or restoring to this eat over country the
former water conditions. That cannot be accomplished in a few years.
It will take years of work, but if it is not started it never will be ac-
complished. I thin there is no work of more importance that can be
taken up by cranberry Powers then to start some plan, or become
interested and wor with those who re working on the problem, to
bring about former water condition in the cranberry ares, which of
course will be over a greater part of Wisconmsa
The chief method of procedure would be to become interested and
boost the reforestation program. Conservation of water is best aseon-
pushe by daming up the drainage ditche.,-oonstueting eros daus
on mnuohe across the 11ow of the water, bolding back water wherever

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