Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association. Thirty-first annual meeting, Grand Rapids, Wisconsin, January 8, 1918. Thirtieth summer meeting, pavilion, Nekoose, Wis., August 14, 1917
Lewis, C. L., Jr.
Paper by C. L. Lewis, Jr., Beaver Brook, Wisconsin, pp. 25-27 PDF (691.7 KB)
tremely practical. We should receive aid from the state on the prob- lems of insects, fungi, weeds, weather conditions and fertilizers, re- ceiving the benefit of the knowledge of those men employed by the state and United States government who have specialized in entomology, pathology, botany, soils and meteorology. It is much easier for these men to apply their knowledge to the needs of our business than for each of us to struggle independently and blindly with these problems. From the practical point of view we need a balance wheel, a man who can aid us by his suggestions. Such a man must have had practi- cal experience in cranberry growing and must have proven his suc- cess by the only real proof, financial success. His counsel would prove invaluable to the growers. An Experiment Station is valuable for a limited number of pur- poses. For propagation of new varieties it is essential and perhaps for a few other reasons. The bogs in this state are built under widely different conditions. Deep and shallow peat, various stages of decom- position, variations in subsoil and varying opportunities for sand do not permit of the formation of any code of rules for cranberry grow- ing. Results obtained at an Experiment Station might not be appli- cable to many bogs. Fertilizer experiments can be especially mis- leading. There are many problems which each individual grower must work out on his own bog. Under these conditions, I believe a traveling adviser would be of more service than an Experiment Sta- tion. This man should cooperate with the state men who handle the scientific end. Their conclusions should be presented to the associa- tion at its meetings and perhaps monthly through some publication. I do not mean to say that I am opposed to an Experiment Station but in the present state of development in this state, I think more benefit would be obtained by the suggestions outlined above. These are but my own ideas and may not be shared by others. I confine these remarks to this state because many problems already solved in the east are still unsettled here. We argue the question of sand culture in Wisconsin, they settled that question in Massachusetts 30 years ago. I am going to mention a few of my own experiences with the Badger Cranberry Company. As many of you know I started a cranberry proposition in Washburn county six years ago. I prepared for it in Massachusetts and came to Wisconsin very enthusiastic over eastern methods. I copied them as nearly as possible in my work here. You are undoubtedly interested to know how I am progressing. On the whole, well, but not without my troubles. In planting my vines 14 inches apart each way I made a serious mistake. I am convinced that we must plant closer together here than they do in the east. Due to thin planting and slow growth, numerous weeds gained foothold and 4, I have often been discouraged at their persistency. But by certain f methods of combatting them, they appear to be thinning out and I fully expect to rid our bog of them entirely in a few years. Thin plant- ing hss also kept our production far below what it should have been the first few years. Aside from the manner of planting I am as yet unconvinced by my own experience at least. that I have adopted any other eastern methods that have not proven very satisfactory. 26
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