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Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association / 1893 sixth annual meeting of the Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers' Association, held at the City Council Chamber, at Grand Rapids, January 10th and 11th
(1893)

President's address,   pp. [1]-7 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 3


-3__
le extent that is generally thought. Many of us have
itched and drained onwisely and on too liberal a scale,
itid it is possible that the cutting of the timber may have
alad sone slight effect upon the rainfall. But I am not
onviiced that the mistake is as yet beyond remedy. Every
pring we permit to pass through our drainage ditches and
scaple into the creeks and rivers floods of water which
liould be kept back and preserved for use. In some places
;, little damn near the head-waters of a creek would retard
the flow and make the supply more reliable; elsewhere
concerted action on the part of a few neighbors would re-
,ult in holding in the swamps upon which they depend for
water a quantity sufficient to supply the needs of all. Fre-
ijletit stopls should be put in all drainage ditches, and eve-
ry device employed to restore those marshes not actually
tised for growing vines to their original condition, when
like huige sponge.s they absorbed the waters and let go on-
Iy the surl)Ilis. Now that the timber is gone there is little
iii the way to prevent thousands of acres which are useful
for nothing else from being devoted to this purpose.
At present they are neither one thing nor the other.
Tro iii ake themn agricultural lands would necessitate a thor-
,,iigh anid comprehensive system of drainage, while to se-
e'ore l)etter results to the cranberry grower a far different
e'ior~e mnntt be followed.
We can enlarge our reservoir capacity as has often
Iteel, pointed out by digging more ditches and wider and
deeler ones along the line of drainage. One of our grow-
ers instead of letting the water spread out over an eighty
acre reservoir, to he licked up by the sun and wind and
(Ii*il)ated by evaporation is cutting wide parallel ditches
:"i(l holding the water back by frequent stops.
It seenis to tie that many of us have given too little at-
teiftion to tile use of the roller on our marshes. Even on
well matted vines there is no question that by pressing
themn down we can save something in the amount of water
that will be needed for a flood. But apart from this, there
isa direct benefit from the trampling of the vines that
will shoow itself in time succeeding crop, and on mossy fields
we can by rolling at just the proper time do very much to
rid tus of this pest. My own experience during the past
two seasons convinces me that when frost threatens, many
of uS begin too early in the evening to flood the marshes.
Ali inch of warm water let onto the bog and circulating
aonoig the vines near midnight is worth 3 or 4 inches of


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