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Wisconsin State Agricultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, including the proceedings of the state agricultural convention held in February, 1885, together with other practical papers
Vol. XXIII (1885)

Beach, C. R.
Science in agriculture,   pp. 280-301


Page 287

SCIENCIE iN AGiRICULTURE. 
that they would have.. .,s,Ücceeded. better had they known 
them? One thing is ceriain we alway.s I fail when we aet in 
opposition to Ihem, and these failures might. be less frequen t 
,were our knowledge more seientifie. 
Some time ago, when visiting the university farm, Prof. 
Henry showed me two pigs that he was feeding a mixture 
of skim milk and Indian meal, in proportions Iaid down by 
German seientists, in which it was claimed there would be 
no loss of nutritive qualities of either milk or meal.. but 
1          named the 
that both would be thoroughly assim*Iated. He 
proportions in pounds. Said I, II that is a bushel of meal to 
a bar*rei of milk." Any fool knows that inixture will fatten 
a pig. But I did not know that those were the proportions 
that would best fatten him. 
,And so with much of our best wörk on the farm while it 
produces good results, weIack the assurance that they are 
t he best results, for the want of that exaet knowledge that 
seience alone can give. And in these times of much work 
and litt5Ie profit, e. the doing about right,: or exactly right, will 
probably mark the line between losing and making. 
Seience in its direct cöntributions to agriculture has de. 
termined the simple elements in matter; taught us- of 
what the different soils are.corni)osed; has analyzed all our 
grain and grass crops; shown how their elernents are com- 
bined., and the sources from which they are obtained, which 
from the atmosphere- and which from the soil. The influ- 
ence of the germ of heat, and of moisture upon vegetable 
gröwth. How the soil becomes exhausted, and how its fer- 
tility may be best preserved, and how restored. At what. 
period in their growth our field erops contain most - nourish- 
ment as - food. Upon these and - other points it , offers us 
knowledge that is positive and definite, much of which is of 
great practieal value, and all of, it a sources of inýellectual. 
pleasure, and ihtelligence lightens labor. Much of our rich- 
est lands äre unfit for the pro-.At.able growth of grain or grass 
without drainiing. But draining involves so many seientifie 
prineiples , that it might almost be said to be a seience -of 
itself. 
The state of Wisconsin has over five million acres of 


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