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Wisconsin State Agricultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, including the proceedings of the state agricultural convention held in February, 1885, together with other practical papers
Vol. XXIII (1885)

Sloan, I. C.
Agricultural education,   pp. 273-280


Page 277

AGRicuLTuRALEDUCATION. 
and here the interesting inquiry arises as to what they are 
and how a krowledpe of ý- them is to be imparted. 
I have been greatly interested lately in reading a very 
able report made by Col. Vilas and Mr. Hitt, a committee 
appointed by the Board of Regents of the State University, 
who have evidently investigated this subject and whose 
views have been made publie.through the press. While they 
do not think an institution separate from the University is 
desirable or wise, they have enumerated the branches of 
knowledge which they think should be taught iin an agri- 
cultural college. They are first, agriculture, embracing 
lectures on stock breeding, dairying, crops and rotation, 
drainage, general farm management, and farm bookkeeping 
they add, and other kindred subjeets, but are evidently at a 
loss to name them. 
Now their first subject, stock breeding, is in an uneertain 
and unsettled condition; a subject on'which the most intel- 
ligent farmers differ and which seems to depend upon nat- 
ural judgment of each individual for success.  Nobody 
can tell whether "" in-breeding " is wise or foolish, whether
Jine breeding ought to be pursued or animals seleeted for 
their individual merits.. what breeds are best for the 
farmer., and when it comes to judging of stock at ex- 
hibitions., nobody seems to be able to tell whatanimals 
ought to receive prizes. In respect -to dairying, I suppose 
that any of our best farmers engaged in cheese or butter 
making~ o r for that matter an Engfish dairy maid from the 
distriets in England in which Cheddar and Stilto n cheeses, 
or the sweet cream butter of Devon are made, would impart 
more useful information than any professor that could be 
employed;- and in regard to. feeding dairy cows, farmers in 
this country are obliged to feed such fodder and grain as 
they ean most successf ully raise on their farms. Doubtless it 
would be interesting to them to know just how much proitein 
and how much earbhydrates each cow consumes, but it is 
doubtful if such knowledge would enhance their profits. 
Crops and rotation is another problein which is diffleult 
to solve, although the benefits of rotation have long sinee 
been wrought out by the experiments of all good farmeis. 


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