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Wisconsin State Agricultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, including the proceedings of the state agricultural convention held in February, 1885, together with other practical papers
Vol. XXIII (1885)

Barry, A. C.
The agricultural outlook,   pp. 229-273

Page 257

desire to say, in saying. that I thought popular instruction 
aind investigation had been carried far enough, I said I was 
in favor of experiment farms and experiment stations, of the 
application of chemistry, of the investigations of botany, 
in regrard to the products of the farm. I n'rmly believe that 
in the experiment farms which have been established in all 
other States that that partieula ' r line of progress has been 
earried far enough, as f ar as usef ul and proper, but I ex- 
pressly said I am in favor of continuing those experiments, 
but I do not expeet, and I - believe whoever does expeet it 
will live to be disappoinied, to have this agricultural prog- 
ress derived from instruction in school.  As the popula- 
tion of the country becomes more dense, people are earried 
forward by their own energies and own interests to better 
processes and methods of eultivation, and larger production 
of the soil., and that is to be the course of progress, I think, 
in my opinion. My friend says, he does not understand that 
any agricultural college established under the land -grant, 
except those conneeted with universities, have been failures. 
I ask my friend if he is familiar with the agriculture. col- 
lege and farm of Illinois. It has always been a separate in- 
stitution, on a large farm, with a large corps of -teachers, 
and, so far as I can learn, it has been confessedly a signal 
failure in attempting to instruct the youth of Illinois in the 
knowledge of the prineiples of agriculture. 
Mr. S* ith - Is that an agricultural college or a seientifie 
college ? 
Mr. Sloan-Agricu'Itural purely. I am very . sorry that 
Mr. Smith, one of the most intelligent men in the State, has 
never heard of the theory that was so generally discussed 
in the papers, that that great and disastrous flood in the 
Ohio River, sweeping away millions of property, and saeri- 
fleing a great many lives, was largely produced by the ex- 
tensive system of drainage which haĆ½ been adopted in the 
states of Indiana and Ohio, carrying all the surplus water 
immediately into the Ohio River., instead of allowing it to 
remain and percolate in the soil. Whether that is right or 
wrong I know that drainage has been said to be a great 
benefit to the land, but this theory is advocated and believed 

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