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Wisconsin State Agricultural Society / Transactions of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, including the proceedings of the state agricultural convention held in February, 1885, together with other practical papers
Vol. XXIII (1885)

Exhibition of 1884,   pp. 41-47

Page 44

so balances his vegetable and animal life that the greatest 
amount of needed elements of fertility are most easily re- 
Stored to the farm, and the produce actually taken off', im- 
poverishes the soil least-, and. yet has the greatest money 
value., does best of all; for he comes the nearest of all toý 
making his farm self-sustaining. This can be done as surely 
with the farm as with.the aqu ' rium, but the man who would 
do it must understand so much that it daunts one even to. 
tell it. No one, however., need be daunted, as the building of 
a noble mansion must be done brick by brick, and stone by 
stone, so the development of the intelligent, all-comprehend- 
ing mind of the farmer, who makes his work a reasonable 
process and a 
in which he sees the end from the beginning-is a slow proe- 
ess, but it is constantly its. own, reward. To do this he 
must know the nature of his soils, the elements of his erops, 
the chemistry of his manures and their relation to his erops; 
he must understand animal physiology, espeeially that of 
nutrition, theý chemistry of foods, their relation to animal 
requirements, and he. inust also know the relation these 
foods bear to manures. All this requires an active, deter- 
mined and comprehensive mind. But this knowledge 
once gained, make the true, permanent eapital of the farmer. 
This eapital ean neither be stolen, alienated, or locked up. 
The more it is used the more valuable it becomes, and the 
faster it accumulates. Thepossession of this knowledge, or 
rather the well developed, edueated man using this knowl- 
edge as material to control nature, and bring forth its wealth., 
is surely entitled to stand first among his.fellows. He per- 
eieves the oneness, the universal relation ship of . trath. He 
should take rank, and will in the good time coming, above 
the soldier, who destroys; above the merchant who distrib- 
utes; for he alone ereates, and Liebig has said "" perfeet agri-
eulture is the true foundation of all trade- and industry; 
is the foundation of the 
but let us ever bear in mind, that only by the best and most 
widely spread education, ean agriculturists occupy that 

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