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Gard, Robert Edward / My land, my home, my Wisconsin : the epic story of the Wisconsin farm and farm family from settlement days to the present

[The land, the land, and the people coming],   pp. [unnumbered]-18 PDF (11.9 MB)

Page 5

On board the immigrant trains it smelled bad and was noisy-
nobody rested much.
association secured the land the settlers had chosen,
and association members could buy land for about
$1.25 an acre.
                 LAND WARRANTS
    Land Warrants, say for 160 acres, are worth from 140
to $150, can be entered on time, for actual settlers, who will
be glad to pay $200 for 160, and 12 per cent for two years.
This is about the best and safest investment that can be
made. The settler generally has a house built upon the tract,
and a portion of it under cultivation. The tax upon wild land,
iu remote districts, ranges from 1 to 3 cents per acre.
                LOANING OF MONEY
    Money can be loaned on real estate at least three times
 $9 value of the sum lent, at from ten to twelve per cent. in-
 teat, from six months to six years, interest payable semi-
 enually. If the interest be not paid punctually, the principal
 1W interest, at the option of the lender, fall due, and the
3*OPerty can be sold within six months, at a cost not to ex-
"Md twrn,*m A 11,
    0 , rs, wnicn thne property nas to pay. .oou
es can be purchased, bearing interest, for 12 to 20
A couple of hours is sufficient to see that the title is
the party borrowing, and that the property is free
he soil of the state," remarked an early bulle-
divided into prairie, oak openings, timber and
lands; and most of it is well adapted to agri-
Purposes. The climate is remarkably healthy.
lters are cold but the air is bracing. The sum-
%sons are mild and of sufficient length to pro-
ost of the staple crops."
     Limestone silt soil covered a large area in south-
eastern and east central Wisconsin, reaching as far
north as Waushara County. Glaciated and gently
rolling, it became perhaps the most highly developed
dairy and crop area in the state.
     In the prairie regions, forest growth was usu-
ally limited to the edges of the limestone hills and
ridges that rose above the glacial drift. Such timber
consisted of wild cherry, plum, oak, hickory, and
other hardwoods. Here in spring, on the fringes of
the woodlands, violets, adder's-tongue, Dutchman's-
breeches, jack-in-the-pulpit, anemone, trillium, and
wild columbine bloomed. Wild roses grew among the
tall grasses. There were hazelnuts, dogwood, black-
berries, and raspberries. Wild grapes festooned the
     The ideal farm for Americans consisted of tim-
ber, prairie, and marsh to supply fuel, shelter, crop
cultivation, and hay. These lands were usually ex-
pensive, forcing the poorer immigrants from Europe
to take cheaper lands. But sometimes settlers from
forested areas abroad preferred the timbered lands
             DAILY LINE OF
   * e- ery mnoruwgnin 7! Ti o'ehk0 pa~iu~i thrroughm
         ai| irr  i.,,i  I' [ond dii |,au  ut C  'Lhw   'r)  0*lh
         I1II .f Ii.N    I!,flOR O1 ~I IhI
  0 un ionn, cina  . lia,li4,n  ~i/k the  4n4a,. lia,  ri r ainrl  oi nt.'
        l'I t ilh, mam.  (M '  m  '.II#o--l "Ir-wrl li ra I el
          Jun* £ut.      JOII4lt.I  'ltlN mr,,hq mr..
   I   ,i Is. i 04 *                  r0r tor
 Early stage lines passed many farms.

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