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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 3: November, 1910,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.5 MB)


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November 1910 
WISCONSIN  HORTICULTURE 
      FRUIT GROWING IN ALASKA 
  Fruit raising at the Government 
Experiment Station at Sitka, Alas- 
ka does not appear tol be very suc- 
cessful. The following extracts are 
from the Annual Report of Director 
('. C. Georgeson for 1909: 
  "The results of the experiments 
with fruit triis to date are not very 
encouraging. It begins to appear very 
doubtful if apples of the existing var- 
ieties can be grown in Alaska and 
brought to maturity. It would seem 
that if apples are ever to succeed in 
Alaska they will have to be developed 
from hybrids with the native Alaska 
'rab apple (Pyrus rivularis). 
  "If there is doubt about the sue- 
i'ees of tree fruits, there is none what- 
ever ahout bush fruits. Currants and 
gooseberries do as well here as any- 
whero on earth; iii fact, the currant 
is indigenous to Alaska and is found 
both in the coast region and iii the iii- 
terior." 
  "Gooseberries do extrimely well in 
this climate. A few varieties are be- 
ing grown some of which are import- 
ed English sorts." 
  "Raspberries also (ho very well in 
the coast region, but the cultivated 
varieties are too tender to stand the 
winters of the interior. The rasp- 
berry is indigenous to Alaska as far 
north as the Arctic Circle, and prob- 
ably beyond. They are abundant in 
places in the hills around Rampart 
and Fairbanks. In those situations 
the plant is very small, rarely more 
than two feet high anl often much 
less. They prefer open groves of tim- 
ber. After a forest fire the raspberry 
frequently comes in find occupies the 
ground more or less densely until 
again crowded out    iy new  foresta- 
tion. They are not much of a sue- 
cess under culture.   Like the wild 
strawberry, they   respond  to  good 
treatment in   the  development of 
shoots and leaves, but produce but 
little fruit. To cause them to fruit, 
they must not be fertilized, and they 
must be    grown   under   ionditions 
where they have more or less of a 
struggle for existence." 
  "The salmon berry is a species of 
Rubus   indigenous   to  time Alaska 
coast. It is not a raspberry, but 
closely related to it. It has a large 
edible berry, which, however, lacks 
the peculiar raspberry flavor; it is 
very soft and would not bear ship- 
ment. Cultivated varieties have been 
hybridized with this species and have 
produced a large number of plants, 
sone of which are three to four feet 
high, hut for some reason they do not 
fruit.  They will bloom    sparingly, 
hut have so far not produced any 
fruit. Elorts in this line will, how- 
ever, be continued." 
  "ll]ackberrics and dewberries can 
not be successfully grown in any 
part of Alaska. They havo been tried 
repeatedly at the Sitka Experiment 
Station and the attempt has always 
resiilted in failure. The summer is 
not warm enough to develop thio fruit 
and the plants usually winterkill even 
in mild winters, prohably due to the 
late, succulent growth resulting from 
the abundance of moisture. The sta- 
tion has uneler culture a number of 
bushes of the service berry (Amelan- 
'hier cauadensis).  They stand the 
climate well; the bushes bloom pro- 
fusely, but they set very little fruit, 
anh the fruit which they do produce 
is small and almost worthiless. At- 
tempts have I cen made for several 
years to grow the buffalo berry of the 
northwestern prairies, but without; 
result; no fruit has been produced." 
           NURSERY SHARKS 
  In :ddition to the regular adver- 
tisemients in  our columns, all of 
which are paid for at a good, stiff 
rate, we propose to devote consider- 
able space from time to time to the 
free advertising of "foreign" nursery 
firms which are now at work in the 
state. We give herewith the first in- 
stallment with a promuist, of more 
later. 
  The state is overrun with agents 
of certain Ohio and Illinois nurseries 
who are selling fruit trees of doubtful 
varieties   at   exorbitant   prices. 
Among the worst of these offenders 
are the agents of the so-called Home 
Nursery Co., of Bloomington, Ill. 
Please note that the name and ad- 
dress as given above was taken from 
one of their contracts and then read 
the following letter from the Secre- 
tary of State of Illinois: 
"Frederic Cranefield, 
     "See. State. Hort. Soc., 
                 "Madison, Wis., 
"Dear Sir:- 
    "Replying to your favor of the 
14th instant, permit me to state, the 
records of this Department do not 
disclose the incorporation of a com- 
pany under the laws of this state, by 
the name of Home Nursery Co., lo- 
cated at Bloomington, Illinois. There 
is an incorporated company under the 
laws of this state by the name of 
The Home Nursery Company and 
Fruit 6 'rouers Exchange, the loca- 
tion of the principal office being Nor- 
mal, Illinois, which is in McLean 
County, Illinois, the same county in 
which Bloomington is located. The 
latter corporation was organized un- 
dler the laws of this state May 1, 
1890, the incorporators being W. II. 
Schureman, G. A. Griggs, IT. M. Mc- 
Knight, J. S. Guthrie and J. E. 
Baker.      Very truly yours, 
                "JAMEs A. RoSE, 
                "Secretary of State. 
  "Springfield, III., Oct. 15th, 1910." 
  Agents   of  the  Home    Nursery 
Company    have   sold  large  quan- 
tities of cherry trees in eastern Wis- 
consin this seascn at fifty-five dollars 
per hundred and "one-half of the 1915 
crop."  The price charged, however, 
is not by any means the worst part 
of the deal and does not of itself 
constitute a swindle, although first 
class Early Richmond and Montmor- 
ency trees may be bought in hundred 
lots for thirty-five dollars per hundred 
or even less. In 1909 agents of the 
same   company     ,,perating around 
Marshfield  charged  sixty-nine and 
one-half dollars per hundred     for 
cherry trees. The injury to the fruit 
business lies in the kinds sold, viz.: 
Ostheiim and Northwest. The Ostheim 
has been thoroughly tested in this 
state and abandoned in favor of either 
Early Richmond or Montmorency. 
  Mr. A. L. Hlatch of Sturgeon Bay, 
one of the best informed fruit men 
in the United States, says of the 
Ostheini: "The Ostheini cherry is a 
Russian   variety  and  the tree is 
dwarfish.  There is an orchard in 
sight of my place that is inferior in 
growth and results to the Early Rich- 
mond and Montmorency. The two 
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