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Toepel, M. G.; Kuehn, Hazel L. (ed.) / The Wisconsin Blue Book, 1958

Wisconsin in 1958,   pp. [69]-[228] PDF (45.4 MB)

Page 81

         The Rise of Population in Wisconsin 1840-1950
                      Total        Increase over    Per cent of
      Year         Population     Previous Census     Increase
      1840            30,945
      1850           305,391          274,446          886.9
      1860           775,881          470,490          154.1
      1870          1,054,670         278,789            35.9
      1880          1,315,497         260,827            24.7
      1890          1,693,330         377,833            28.7
      1900          2,069,042         375,712            22.2
      1910          2,333,860         264,818            12.8
      1920          2,632,067         298,207            12.8
      1930          2,939,006         306,939            11.7
      1940          3,137,587         198,581             6.8
      1950          3,434,575         296,988             9.5
                  Births, Deaths and Migration
  There are 3 factors which affect the total population of a state;
natural increase or births, natural decrease or deaths, and migra-
tion. Since 1947 the excess of births over deaths has amounted to
over 50,000 each year but more people moved out of the state than
moved into the state. It is very difficult to make accurate estimates
of the in and out migration annual totals between the decennial cen-
sus years.
  It is even more difficult to make reliable projectional forecasts
of natural increases as was demonstrated during the 1930's when
population experts confidently predicted a stable or even declining
population beginning with 1965 because of a continually declining
birth rate per 1,000 population which had begun in 1915 and con-
tinued with practically no interruption until 1940.
   A record low rate of 16.77 occurred in 1933 during the depth of
depression years. It gradually rose to a rate of 26.1 in 1947 and
has remained consistently high since as indicated in the following
table. This is in spite of the fact that marriages have steadily de-
clined, reflecting the low birth rates of the thirties.
   Generally higher birth rates may be anticipated during prosper-
 ous periods than during periods of recession and unemployment.
 Marriages will most certainly increase when the generation being
 born since 1947 reach marriageable age and what this will do to
 the number of annual births to be anticipated in Wisconsin begin-
 ning about 1965 we hesitate to forecast. 120,000 annual births are
 within the realm of possibility.
   Since 1910 the number of deaths per year in Wisconsin has grad-
 ually edged up from 28,213 to 35,498. Some rise may be attributed
 to the increase in total population. During this period, however,
 the death rate per 1,000 population has declined from 12.06 in 1910
 to 9.4 in 1956. It has consistently declined at a very gradual rate
 over the 46-year period. This means that people live longer and
 that the population increases faster than it decreases. While more

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