Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Craig, J. A.
The horse and its market, pp. 154-168 PDF (4.5 MB)
WISCONSIN FARBMS' INSTITUTj. and ring-bones, as the concussion is very severe in such instances. More over, it detracts greatly from the utility of the light horse, especially those intended for the saddle, as the step is short and stilted, and this is very disagreeable to the rider. On the other hand, sometimes the pas- terns of light horses, and of thor- oughbred horses especially, are toe slanting, which weakens them and ultimately ends in the breaking of the suspensory ligament resulting in the horse "breaking down" or the part being strained. Feet-Dense, Waxy, Large.-The foot should receive careful attention as it has an important part to play in the work of the horse, and is sub- ject to many defects and various kinds of unsoundness. It should be of firm texture, good size, moderately upright and thoroughly sound. It should have a healthy appearance which is indicated by an oily coat of natural wax. The frog should bear the marks of natural usage as a buf. fer, being spongy and touching the ground at each step. The roof or sole of the hoof should be distinctly con- cave. Flatness, brittleness, and con- traction, are the three most common defects in horses' feet. It will be noticed in many instances that the bar of the foot has been cut away, so that the hoof splits from the heel towards the coronet. This is due to the blacksmith's practice of cutting away the bars that bind the foot to- gether behind. When this is done the foot begins to spread and the crack ultimately extends as far as it is possible for it to do so. Ribs-Well Sprung, Deep, Close.- The ribs should be well sprang from the spine and they should be close to each other. It will generally be found that those horses that have well-sprung ribs always make a bet- ter appearance than those that are fliat ribbed; and, in addition, they will be found to be easier keepers. It Shouid be notd that the round iribbed horse always has the appear- ance of being inordinately long in the legs. This deception is due to the roundness of his body. It can easily e be seen that from a side view the 1at i ribbed horse presents a body of deeper appearance and seemingly has shorter leg than the horse that is rounder ribbed. MBack-Strong, Short, Xuseed-In Its proportions the body should be short above and long underneath. * This not only adds to Its strength, but It gives the legs free play and insures a balanced stride. The horse of this conformation under the saddle will unite himself more quickly and bet- ter, while the same horse on the line, or in harness will have a long, sweep- ing, yet balanced stride. It is the opinion of many that the roach back is an evidence of strength. It i the most undesirable feature in a horse intended for the saddle, and It in to say the least an eyesore in road or in carriage horses. Loin-Short, iroad, XuLe-It is a defect of many horses to be light and narrow at the juncture of the body and the hind quarter. If the loin is long or slack, that is, if the dis- tance is great between the last rib and the hip bone the horse is likely to be weak in the coupling and deficient in action, and when viewed from the side it will be noticed that the reach forward of the hind feet seems to tep short before arriving at the place the other feet have left the ground. This probably is due more to the lack of muscle over the loin than to any other defect. Hind Quarters - Croup Long, Thighs and Quarters Wuleld- These parts should be critically ex- amined, for, as it has been previously explained, it is in this region that the propelling power resides. The haunch or croup should be long and for ap- pearance sake should be compara- tively straight. When the croup is long, It allows of a greater play of the main muscles that amre octe4 n 1-Tiv-D-171-11F r111- 1,717- 1" - .
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