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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Craig, J. A.
The horse and its market,   pp. 154-168 PDF (4.5 MB)

Page 164

and ring-bones, as the concussion is
very severe in such instances. More
over, it detracts greatly from the
utility of the light horse, especially
those intended for the saddle, as the
step is short and stilted, and this is
very disagreeable to the rider. On
the other hand, sometimes the pas-
terns of light horses, and of thor-
oughbred horses especially, are toe
slanting, which weakens them and
ultimately ends in the breaking of
the suspensory ligament resulting
in the horse "breaking down" or the
part being strained.
Feet-Dense, Waxy, Large.-The
foot should receive careful attention
as it has an important part to play
in the work of the horse, and is sub-
ject to many defects and various
kinds of unsoundness. It should be of
firm texture, good size, moderately
upright and thoroughly sound. It
should have a healthy appearance
which is indicated by an oily coat of
natural wax. The frog should bear
the marks of natural usage as a buf.
fer, being spongy and touching the
ground at each step. The roof or sole
of the hoof should be distinctly con-
cave. Flatness, brittleness, and con-
traction, are the three most common
defects in horses' feet. It will be
noticed in many instances that the
bar of the foot has been cut away, so
that the hoof splits from the heel
towards the coronet. This is due to
the blacksmith's practice of cutting
away the bars that bind the foot to-
gether behind. When this is done the
foot begins to spread and the crack
ultimately extends as far as it is
possible for it to do so.
Ribs-Well Sprung, Deep, Close.-
The ribs should be well sprang from
the spine and they should be close
to each other. It will generally be
found that those horses that have
well-sprung ribs always make a bet-
ter appearance than those that are
fliat ribbed; and, in addition, they
will be found to be easier keepers.
It Shouid be notd that the round
iribbed horse always has the appear-
ance of being inordinately long in
the legs. This deception is due to the
roundness of his body. It can easily
e be seen that from a side view the 1at
i ribbed horse presents a body of
deeper appearance and seemingly has
shorter leg  than the horse that is
rounder ribbed.
MBack-Strong, Short, Xuseed-In
Its proportions the body should be
short above and long underneath.
* This not only adds to Its strength, but
It gives the legs free play and insures
a balanced stride. The horse of this
conformation under the saddle will
unite himself more quickly and bet-
ter, while the same horse on the line,
or in harness will have a long, sweep-
ing, yet balanced stride. It is the
opinion of many that the roach back
is an evidence of strength. It i the
most undesirable feature in a horse
intended for the saddle, and It in to
say the least an eyesore in road or
in carriage horses.
Loin-Short, iroad, XuLe-It
is a defect of many horses to be light
and narrow at the juncture of the
body and the hind quarter. If the
loin is long or slack, that is, if the dis-
tance is great between the last rib
and the hip bone the horse is likely to
be weak in the coupling and deficient
in action, and when viewed from the
side it will be noticed that the reach
forward of the hind feet seems to tep
short before arriving at the place the
other feet have left the ground. This
probably is due more to the lack of
muscle over the loin than to any other
Hind Quarters - Croup Long,
Thighs  and   Quarters  Wuleld-
These parts should be critically ex-
amined, for, as it has been previously
explained, it is in this region that the
propelling power resides. The haunch
or croup should be long and for ap-
pearance sake should be compara-
tively straight. When the croup is
long, It allows of a greater play of the
main muscles that amre octe4 n
1-Tiv-D-171-11F r111- 1,717-
-   .

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