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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Hays, John W.
Baby beef and silage,   pp. 135-141 PDF (1.9 MB)

Page 138

Jerseys that are well fatted make the
sweetest beef they get.
Mr. Arnold-I went to say this,-we
have the finest prospects ahead of us
that we ever had in the United States,
Dot so much in the swine industry as
in beef and mutton. Prices are not
up as high as they ought to be, but
just as soon as the consumption comes
up to what It ought to be, prices are
bound to be better. We have an un-
der-consumption at present, but with
our increased population  and the
smaller number of animals fed, there
are good prospects for the future. We
have one-sixth less swine  in the
United States today than there has
been since 1892.
The Chairman-I hold here In my
hand a letter written by the butcher
who bought this baby beef of Mr.
Hays, to which he referred. This
butcher says: "Dear Sir:-In regard
to the fat stock I bought of you a num-
ber of years ago I would say those
twenty head of pony steers were No.
1 beef, the best I have retailed in my
shop in a long time. But the nicest
of all were those seven head of calves
or baby beef, as we termed them.
Their average weight was about 900
pounds and they turned the scales at
58% pounds to the hundred. I would
say in regard to the quality it Is ex-
cellent both in color and taste, al-
though it is not as rich in beef flavor
as pony steers. My customers wish I
could procure such beef to retail the
year round; they say it is the best to
be had, but, as you know, there Is not
enough such stock fed around here,
so I cannot furnish them with the
baby beef and I must fall back onto
pony steers. In regard to the cost,
I paid you five cents per pound on
foot; as you well know that brings
baby beef to a good round price to re-
tail. I paid you very near $1,400 for
twenty-seven head, and I think there
is money In raising beef for market if
done In the right way."
Mr. Everett-Mr. Hays, did you feed
this baby beef ensilage through the
winter and about how much? And
did you feed clover hay?
Mr. Hayu-They were fed silage and
clover hay, all they would eat of en-
silage, and they did not eat very
heavily. After the first mouth they
got a good heavy grain ration, com-
meneing on five pounds a day, and
after a while they got up to ten.
Mr. Hyatt-Did you ever feed roots
Instead od silage?
Mr. Hays-Oh, they were fed both
roots and silage. I fed sugar beets.
We did not open the silo at first; they
were probably fed a month before the
silo was opened.
The Chairman-What is this ailage,
sour or sweet?
Mr. Hays--Sweet silage means when
the corn is too ripe-gets too dry, and
there are little mouldy pockets in It.
The sour allege is a little greener. I
like to have the corn just well glazed,
not too dry. The silage isn't sour. I
don't want any of this big corn.
The Chairman-The sweet silage is
a kind of sweet pickle.
Mr. Everett-Will it ever pay to feed
cattle that are not high grade beat
Mr. Hays-It will not pay as welL
The Chairman-From your exper-
lence what kind of a silo do you like
Mr. Hays-Of course I am prejudiced.
I like the stone silo. The shape, of
course, Is according to the man'"
fancy; It doesn't make much difference,
If you don't build It too big and you
build it well. I would build It deep
by all means, and the principal thing
about a good silo is a good founda-
tion, then a good frame, well tied to-
gether at the top so it won't spread.
I know of many silos that have caeked
open because the frames are not tied.
A Member-Does your silo freeze?
Mr. Hays-No, silos do not freeze to
amount to anything.
Mr. Arnold-Would you make a hole
In the ground for a silo?
Mr. Hays-It would keep the best if
you had good drainage. The only
trouble to in getting It out.
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