Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Hays, John W.
Baby beef and silage, pp. 135-141 PDF (1.9 MB)
WISCONSBI N PAFMB' IlMBiWIfUth 25 pounds. The average price per head was $43.75. The only fault found by the patrons of the butcher as to the meat was that the supply did not equal the demand. Time of Cheapest Growth. It is a fact, well known, that the cheapest growth of a steer in during the first six months of his life. Let me give you some figures as to this: Value of calf at birth . .......... $2.00 New milk for six weeks . ........ 4.00 Oats .1........................... .50 Whole flax seed and oil meal, ... 1.25 Skimmed milk . ................. 4.00 Pastures, pumpkins and sugar beets . ....................... 2.00 Total cost at six months ....... S14.75 Cost per hundred pounds . ...... $2.95 Now I will give the stable coot: 180 days at 9 pounds per day of corn meal, bran and oil meal at $15 per ton . ............... $12.15 2% tons ensilage . .............. 4.00 One-half ton clover hay . ........ 2.60 Total 6 mos. stable cost, .... $18.65 Gain in weight while in stable, 400 pounds, making the cost of every hun- dred pounds gained while in the stable, $4.66. Costs per hundred pounds at time of sale, $3.80. After paying for all the feed there was left a profit of $10.36 for each ani- mal sold. Xistakes We Are Liable to Kake. Let me caution the young feeder to remember to always commence with a small ration, less than half of full feed, and gradually increasing. It will require a month or more before get- ting on to full feed. One of the great- est faults with the new beginner is the over feeding at the start. If the animal is overfed and made sick at first it seldom fully recovers. You can safely feed all the animal will eat after the first four or flive weeks, and with good results. Another matter of the utmost im- portance Is the looking after the cm- fort of the animal, giving it a good, clean bed, and a roomy, well-ventilated stable. Let me relate an experience of my own, showing the mistake that I once made. Some years ago I made a practice of weighing all my cattle once a month to ascertain the gain in weight. The cattle were tied in the stable and each weighed separately. The first month I founa that one of the very best of the steers had made a gain of only ten pounds, but I thought that there must have been a mistake in recording the first weighing, as the balance of the herd made a gain of sixty pounds each. The second month that one steer made a gain of fifteen pounds while the rest of the herd made a gain each of eighty pounds. I then knew that the mistake was not in the scale record, but that the ani- mal was not being treated right some way. I made a thorough examination and found that the floor of the stall having too much slant the cords of the animal's fore legs were strained and sore, although the steer was not lame. I put him in a box stall and he made a gain of ninety pounds a month for the next three months. He had eaten his full ration from the first. Thus you see that I had a loss of 116 pounds because of one little mistake. What the }arket Demands. The demand today is for well fed beef, young and ripe, meat being well marbled, with large proportion of lean, tender and juicy, and cutting with little waste. I think the de- mand will increase, and believe that we of eastern Wisconsin can grow such beef at a profit, if our work is con- ducted upon business principles, and our methods are right. I have thus briefly described my mode of growing baby beef, and think that if the methods I have described are followed In detail, the result will be even better than I have recounted. The foregoing is what I call the short course. F"- I 11111. IN Ili I I"
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