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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Hays, John W.
Baby beef and silage,   pp. 135-141 PDF (1.9 MB)

Page 136

25 pounds.   The average price per
head was $43.75. The only fault found
by the patrons of the butcher as to the
meat was that the supply did not equal
the demand.
Time of Cheapest Growth.
It is a fact, well known, that the
cheapest growth of a steer in during
the first six months of his life. Let
me give you some figures as to this:
Value of calf at birth .  .......... $2.00
New milk for six weeks .  ........ 4.00
Oats .1...........................  .50
Whole flax seed and oil meal, ... 1.25
Skimmed milk . ................. 4.00
Pastures, pumpkins and sugar
beets . ....................... 2.00
Total cost at six months ....... S14.75
Cost per hundred pounds .  ...... $2.95
Now I will give the stable coot:
180 days at 9 pounds per day of
corn meal, bran and oil meal
at $15 per ton . ............... $12.15
2% tons ensilage .   .............. 4.00
One-half ton clover hay .  ........ 2.60
Total 6 mos. stable cost, .... $18.65
Gain in weight while in stable, 400
pounds, making the cost of every hun-
dred pounds gained while in the stable,
Costs per hundred pounds at time of
sale, $3.80.
After paying for all the feed there
was left a profit of $10.36 for each ani-
mal sold.
Xistakes We Are Liable to Kake.
Let me caution the young feeder to
remember to always commence with a
small ration, less than half of full
feed, and gradually increasing. It will
require a month or more before get-
ting on to full feed. One of the great-
est faults with the new beginner is
the over feeding at the start. If the
animal is overfed and made sick at
first it seldom fully recovers. You
can safely feed all the animal will eat
after the first four or flive weeks, and
with good results.
Another matter of the utmost im-
portance Is the looking after the cm-
fort of the animal, giving it a good,
clean bed, and a roomy, well-ventilated
stable. Let me relate an experience of
my own, showing the mistake that I
once made. Some years ago I made a
practice of weighing all my cattle
once a month to ascertain the gain in
weight. The cattle were tied in the
stable and each weighed separately.
The first month I founa that one of the
very best of the steers had made a
gain of only ten pounds, but I thought
that there must have been a mistake
in recording the first weighing, as the
balance of the herd made a gain of
sixty pounds each. The second month
that one steer made a gain of fifteen
pounds while the rest of the herd
made a gain each of eighty pounds. I
then knew that the mistake was not
in the scale record, but that the ani-
mal was not being treated right some
way. I made a thorough examination
and found that the floor of the stall
having too much slant the cords of
the animal's fore legs were strained
and sore, although the steer was not
lame. I put him in a box stall and
he made a gain of ninety pounds a
month for the next three months. He
had eaten his full ration from the first.
Thus you see that I had a loss of 116
pounds because of one little mistake.
What the }arket Demands.
The demand today is for well fed
beef, young and ripe, meat being well
marbled, with large proportion of
lean, tender and juicy, and cutting
with little waste. I think the de-
mand will increase, and believe that
we of eastern Wisconsin can grow such
beef at a profit, if our work is con-
ducted upon business principles, and
our methods are right.
I have thus briefly described my
mode of growing baby beef, and think
that if the methods I have described
are followed In detail, the result will
be even better than I have recounted.
The foregoing is what I call the short
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