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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Hays, John W.
Baby beef and silage,   pp. 135-141 PDF (1.9 MB)

Page 135

BABY BEEF AND SILAGE.                .
JOHN W. HAYS, Alderly, Wis.
How I Feed Young Beef.
I have turned all steers raised on
the farm at two years and even less,
with good results. Four years ago we
experimented with seven calves, five of
April and two of May. All were high
grade short-horns. Five were fed by
hand and two continued to run with
their mothers. Those that were hand
fed were given whole milk the first
four weeks, gradually changing to
skim milk and a small ration of whole
flax seed boiled to a jelly, and a small
ration of oats as soon as they learned
to eat. The hand fed calves were kept
in the stable until June 1st, then
turned into good pasture with stable,
to run at will. They were regularly
fed twice a day on milk, and once a
day on grain. In September, when
the pasture began to fail, they were
fed pumpkins and sugar beets once a
day, with a continuous grain ration.
They were put in stable November 1st,
and averaged in weight 500 pounds
Pach, while those that ran with their
JOHN W. HAYS.            mothers were fully   fifty  pounds
lighter. Being heifers with first calf,
and having had no grain, they did
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle- not do well for the first month after
men-Forty years ago it was the prac- being put in the stable, as they were
tice to keep our steers until four or wild and unused to grain ration. They
five years old, before fattening them. were put into a large, well-ventilated
At that time land was cheap and pas- box stall, were well bedded, kept free
ture cost almost nothing, but as our from lice, end were gradually put upon
lands rose in value, and the almost full rations of silage, corn meal and
boundless prairies of  the western bi an, oil meal, and clover hay. They
states were dotted with vast herds of  e watered once a day and were on
cattle feeding upon cheap pasture and full feed by December 15th.
cheap corn, we soon found that we    They were sold April 15th to a re-
would have to adopt better methods tail butcher at Menomonee Falls, for
or be left in the race. Fifteen years five dollars per hundred pounds. They
ago we came to the conclusion that by were weighed at home and the lighest
better breeding and better feed we weighed 780 pounds, while the heaviest
could take a shorter course.       was 1,060 pounds. The shrinkage was

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