Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Hays, John W.
Baby beef and silage, pp. 135-141 PDF (1.9 MB)
leSt BABY BEEF AND SILAGE. . BABY BEEF AND SILAGE. JOHN W. HAYS, Alderly, Wis. How I Feed Young Beef. I have turned all steers raised on the farm at two years and even less, with good results. Four years ago we experimented with seven calves, five of April and two of May. All were high grade short-horns. Five were fed by hand and two continued to run with their mothers. Those that were hand fed were given whole milk the first four weeks, gradually changing to skim milk and a small ration of whole flax seed boiled to a jelly, and a small ration of oats as soon as they learned to eat. The hand fed calves were kept in the stable until June 1st, then turned into good pasture with stable, to run at will. They were regularly fed twice a day on milk, and once a day on grain. In September, when the pasture began to fail, they were fed pumpkins and sugar beets once a day, with a continuous grain ration. They were put in stable November 1st, and averaged in weight 500 pounds Pach, while those that ran with their JOHN W. HAYS. mothers were fully fifty pounds lighter. Being heifers with first calf, and having had no grain, they did Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle- not do well for the first month after men-Forty years ago it was the prac- being put in the stable, as they were tice to keep our steers until four or wild and unused to grain ration. They five years old, before fattening them. were put into a large, well-ventilated At that time land was cheap and pas- box stall, were well bedded, kept free ture cost almost nothing, but as our from lice, end were gradually put upon lands rose in value, and the almost full rations of silage, corn meal and boundless prairies of the western bi an, oil meal, and clover hay. They states were dotted with vast herds of e watered once a day and were on cattle feeding upon cheap pasture and full feed by December 15th. cheap corn, we soon found that we They were sold April 15th to a re- would have to adopt better methods tail butcher at Menomonee Falls, for or be left in the race. Fifteen years five dollars per hundred pounds. They ago we came to the conclusion that by were weighed at home and the lighest better breeding and better feed we weighed 780 pounds, while the heaviest could take a shorter course. was 1,060 pounds. The shrinkage was L-
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