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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Curtiss, C. F.
Sheep feeding experiments,   pp. 122-132 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 130

..I . ,  -, 7- i -,^ e-  m, - E ...........................I
it does not hold good that the larger
the breed the smaller the amount of
food required to make a pound of gain.
You will see that from the report.
The Chairman-Did these large, long
wool sheep sell for as high a price a
pound; the Cotswolds and the Lin-
Prof. Curtiss-No, on an average
the- -Io fMr twentv-flve cents a hun-
dred less. We need to study the de-
mannds of the market for everything
not only for sheep, but everything that
we produce, and the thing to do is to
produce what the market wants and
will pay for. I recognize the fact
also, that these were selected sheep,
good representatives. We did that in
order to have all the breeds fairly and
equally represented, but, at the same
time, some of the best sheep that we
had there came from the farmers
within a few miles of the college
where there are no pure bred animals
at all, except the pure bred sire. Some
of the sheep we sold during this pres-
ent winter at $5.65 a hundred were
bought from a neighboring farmer
who raises sheep for market, and they
were raised under just such conditions
as are common to every farm in this
state. He is a man who has alwayE
taken care of his stocK and used a good
sire, but has never taken any pains
whatever to keep up the pedigrees 01
Mis flock. His sheep went in and sold
right up at the top price.
A Member-Does this man allow
other people to pick his best ewes out?
Prof. Curtiss-He allowed me to pick
his best ones, but as a rule he does
not do that. He took an interest in
the experiment. This particular bunch
were high grades.
Question-What are the general
symptoms of worms?
Prof. Curtiss-One of the first indi-
cations will be a loss of blood, a pale-
ness, a pale skin and a blue tint to it,
a sluggish circulation, and sometimes
a little swelling occurs under the
throat and a general weakness and
depresuoo, theu a very laxative con-
dition of the bowels-scouring and  -
vere coughing is common.
Dr. Palmeter-Would not a rape
pasture prevent these worms?
Prof. Curtiss-I would not say that
It was a preventive, but I can speak In
high terms of rape. I think that every
man who grows sheep should grow
rape. The Canadian sheepmen may
that there is no crop they can raise
that will put a bunch or Lmins aneaa
or put an old flock in good condition,
as satisfactorily as a field of rape.
Mr. Hyatt-What would you feed
lambs three or four weeks old, aside
from what they get from the ewes?
Prof. Curtiss--I would be governed
somewhat by the market price of grain
In that respect. Corn and oats with
us are the most valuable and economi-
cal grains. You have other feeds that
would be cheaper, perhaps; peas is one
of the best feeds for sheep; we cannot
grow them, but if we could we would
use them extensively; oats and bran
and a little oil meal are good.
Mr. Arnold-I understand you to
draw the conclusion that you can
make a pound of mutton cheaper than
you can make a pound of beet?
Prof. Curtiss---I will say that you
can make it at not to exceed the cost
of producing a pound of beef.  Our
investigations, as well as the investi-
gations of other states, have proved
A Member-What age were these
Hereford cattle?
Prof. Curtiss-Coming two years.
A Member-Did you compare the
price it would cost to produce a pound
of beef with sheep of the same age?
Prof. Curtiss-No; we compared it
with the cost of feeding the lambs, but
the cattle were marketed at the mini-
mum age and the sheep were marketed
at the minimum age. You cannot es-
tablish an accurate comparison at the
same age because a sheep matures
earlier in life than a steer.
The Member-But suppose you took
a herd of cattle at the same age, don't
you believe you could make the meat
cheaper than at two or three yeoan old?
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