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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Curtiss, C. F.
Sheep feeding experiments,   pp. 122-132 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 128

123  WIS CONSIN  FAUUES' ll~S'1  - -
time you would be placed under the refits of the tess of all these various
necessity of buying these fertilizers breeds, representing ten lambs each.
and when you do it, it will cost you It will not be necessary for me to take
about $400 for every $1,000 worth of the time to read it.
grain that you take from the farm    You see the Cotswolds made a little
For $1,000 worth of sheep at the price the best record in that edxpelMit
prevailing today, you only sell about and we have gone over the same
groun  again -uiu  urn -a.  wu.
$50 worth of matter that is of any
value as a fertilizing agent on your
form These are conditions which ex-
ist, making it strikingly important
and essential to finish our products
and send them to market in a con-
densed form and keep the greatest
amount of matter that is of value upon
the farm.
Further Advantages of Growing
Another phase, the sheep is not
given the consideration as a corn con-
denser, and a freight condenser, and a
condenser of other farm products, that
it is entitled to. You ship $1,000
worth of wool to Chicago today for
about $75. Go down here to your rail-
road station and load up $1,000 worth
of grain to ship to Chicago, and they
will charge you $500 to get it there.
When we get down in Iowa the farmer
takes $1,000 worth of grain to market
and the railroad charges him an even
$1,000 more to put it down in the mar-
ket. We need to condense our freight
charges, need to condense the products
at home, send abroad the things we
do not want. You Wisconsin people
are ahead of us a good deal because
you can sell $1,000 worth of butter and
not sell 50 cents worth of fertilizing
material off your farms. Gentlemen,
the time is coming when we are going
to make our own beet sugar and save
a great deal of the money that is now
going out of this country. We have
been paying Canada during the past
five years nearly a million dollars for
mutton, and yet they pay 20 per cent
for getting those sheep over the bor-
ders. You might just as well be mak-
ing that mutton here and making a
profit on it, as well as your sugar.
T have herea dt dAiled remora of the
ground again durijas te-4 P381 orae,
duplicating the experiment in every
respect and adding one or two addi-
tionai feature.
All of this wool was rated by experts
who knew nothing about the breeds;
it was carefully marked without any
breed names attached to the labels,
and appraised on its value on the mar-
Stay by the Sheep.
I think that these are some of the
reasons why the sheep business ought
to be established upon a more perma-
nent foundation than it is. I believe
there is no reason why the agricul-
tural lards of Wisconsin will not pro-
duce mutton of the highest quality
and at comparatively low cost. There
is no reason why we should not be
producing mutton, not only for our
home markets, instead of allowing it
to be supplied by the Canadians over
there, but we should produce mutton
for export and we should also produce
wcol to the extent of our home de-
mand. We paid $30,000,010 last year
for wool brought into this country,
wool that we might just as well have
produced here at home. We have all
the advantages that will enable us to
conserve the fertility of our soil and
make our land worth more, enable us
to condense our freight products, and
supply the home market
Question-Is lowland good for
Prof. Curtiss-As a rule it is not.
Breeds vary In that respect; the Cots-
wolds and some others are breeds bet-
ter adapted to the lowlands than the
medium sized and smaller ones, and
let By

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