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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Curtiss, C. F.
Sheep feeding experiments,   pp. 122-132 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 127

r  ! ' 7 ;   ' -  i      ,
EP FEEDING EXPERMENTS                          127
of pactical Interest, not only to quired to make a pound on a lamb un-
the sheep men, but to the   producers der the same conditions. It also cost
of all live stock, is the advantage of 4.44 cents for that food for each
feeding animals for the market when of increase on  the yearlings. There
they are young, producing early ma- was the difference between 2.88 and
turity to aa large a degree as is con- 4.44 cents upon  e xactly the same
sistent with the best results. I know the same surroundings, and the same
that in the cattle business it Is not al- care. There is a very striking
ways most profitable for men to force tion of the advantage in the sheep
an animal from start to finish; it de- market of putting the animal on the
ponds very much upon what the agri- market at an early age; it required 56
cultural conditions are and the sur- per cent. more to make a pound of mut-
roundings. For instance, last sum. ton on  a yearling Shropshire then on
mer I spent a day among the cattle a       shropnhire lamb and  It sold for
feeders of Kentucky. down in the cents less on the market. It is time
famous blue  grass region. I found to consider this influence In relation
cattle grazing in those excellent blue to the mutton business; other txings
grass pastures in June, that were com- being equal, you see early maturity
ing four years old, and I learned that has a decided advantage, and if we
those cattle had no grain or feed, ex- are going to produce mutton we must
cept some corn fodder during the win- produce It most economically, and we
ter, but blue grass from the time they must produce mutton that the market
were taken off milk until they were will pay the price for. Those are the
ready for market. The winters are two important factors  thOt should be
mild, the gras  is good, and they can uppermost in the minds of the farmer
afford to carry a steer longer than we all the time.
can where we   have to feed through
the long winters; they grow them at    Why We Should Base Sheep.
a very moderate expense, until they  There are some other features In ref-
have attained their growth, and then erence to the sheep business that I
they fWish them off on corn. If we want to call your attention to, briefly.
are feeding high priced grain all the  and it seems to me that they are some
time, It Is a different matter.  The of the most important reasons why
tact of the advantage of the younger the farmers of this state and of other
animal over the older and more ma- agricultural states should turn their
tured animal, is one that has an im- attention to the mutton Industry and
portant bearing  upon this subject. the wool Industry, rather than to the
One of the objects of our experiment production of grain. I know you are
also was to determine the relative cost not doing as much In the way of
of producing a pound of mutton from grain raising In this state as we do
lambs and from sheep a year old or Iowa, but you are doing too much of
over. We had in here    a bunch of it; you are not condensing the prod-
Shropahires, coming one year old, and uct, you are not manufacturing  at
another bunch coming two years old. borne as much as you should. You
I have given you the results of all the may sell $1,000 worth of wheat today
sheep coming one year old and the and wlth it you take from your farm
Shropshires are just about an average $00 worth of fertilizing material.
but we will compare the results from  Will probably think that I have put
an the lambs with the yearlings. For the figures too high for Wisconsin,
those yearlings it required  eleven cause you do not buy very much in the
pounds of food to make a pound of way of commercial fertilizers, but if
gain; it required In that case 56 per you were to go on with your cropping
cent more grain to make a pound of and taking from your farm and ship-
mutton on a yeerlIng sheep than It re- p  off these products, in a very short

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