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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Curtiss, C. F.
Sheep feeding experiments,   pp. 122-132 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page 123

r     A     n     - s  '''-;-'7  .
BEN3P FUNDING                 vi
when everybody was wanting to go out Ushed principles, are not facts and
of sheep raising, as one speaker ex- principles at all, but otherwise.
pressed it in an address in our date,  Now, as tG the results of our exper-
they were on the free list and nobody Iments, you will understand that the
wanted nything to do with them. figures I shall quote, except where
The lock masters were unloading, it otherwise stated, will refer to the
was with a view of establishing some sheep that w e u sed as a whole, al
fundamental tacts in reference to the the breeds, and the result from the
sheep industry, that we took up this different breeds will be summarized
work and we have been continuing it the close.
since; part of this work has been ac-
complished already. I will say in the Sheep Feeding vs Cattle Feeding.
way of outlining that work that it  We fed 109 lambs in this work ninety
merely consisted in taking ten repre. days, in which we gave them 34,501
sentatives of the leading breeds, care- pounds of feed, grain and hay, group-
fully selected, with a view to securing ing all the food together and figuring
the best representatives of each bree  out the percentage Of moisture that
that it was possible to obtain, placing was in it. We have to get some
them all under uniform conditions and definite, tangible basis upon which
keeping a strict account of everything make the comparison, so we figure
that was given in the Way of food, and the moisture and  group  so many
keeping an exact record of everything pounds of dry matter in the teed. We
that was produced. These ten repre- fed 34,501 pounds of feed and made
sentatives of each breed were selected 4,678 pounds of mutton; the ratio,
without regard to expense within rea- you will see, is 1:7.37, or for every
sonable limits, we determined the ex pounds of feed given, we produced one
act cost of producing a pound of mut- pound of mutton, and that mutton was
ton from each, placed them on the produced at a cost of 2.93 cents a
market on their merits, sold them for p for for the feed consumed. We
exactly what they would command charged for every pound that the ani-
upon the basis of a carload Of each mel consumed, hay and everything
kind, determined  the percentage  of else, at the market price, which was
mutton in each ease, its value upon the little more than the price that the
block, and the relative amount of meat farmers would realize. These figures
in the high  and low-priced mutton are for all the breeds together.  The
cuts.                             best work that we have ever been
Now, that of course, involved in a able to do with cattle was obtained
measure a breed test, although  the during the same winter on a bunch of
breed test 'was not, strictly speaking. high grade Hereford cattle coming
the object of the experiment As I years old, that were being fed in an
stated before it was more to establish Adjoining lot on a similar grain ration,
some fundamental facts in relation to figured at the same prices. In that
the sheep industry and to take the ut- experiment it required 8.9 pounds
most pains to ascertain those facts, this feed to make a pound of beef, at
and make them entirely reliable, that that age, and covering an extended
we undertook this work. We felt that period. Of course, for a short time
the sheep industry was in need of it man may be able to feed cattle and
for the reason that there has been get higher gains. Here the cattle were
such a constant depression and fluctua- on feed a year. It has been found
tion in all the states. It is true that that the average amount of feed re-
a great many of the things that have quired to produce a pound of beef on
most influenced our agricultural work cattle at the different Experiment
nad re supposed to be facts and estab- tions and other places where feeding
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