Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Jenkins, F. W.
Breeds of poultry for special purposes, pp. 108-114 PDF (2.0 MB)
WI , A- C-O N I _ WISCONSIN FARIAW8' iNsrT& good average layers and a quick devel- oping medium sized market fowl with yellow legs and skin. They are not the best fowls for eggs, broilers or the market but combine these three quali- ties nicely. I consider them good birds for the farmer or any person who only wants to keep one variety of fowls, and who has neither time nor place to bother with different breeds. They will set and hatch their young, furnish the table with both eggs and meat. There are several other breeds of fowls that are good for both eggs and table use, but do not set, so lose one of the essential qualities of the perfect general purpose fowl. These are the Houdan, a French fowl of good size and laying qualities, well adapted to our northern climate on account of having a very small comb and wattles and a large protecting tuft of feathers around them. The English Red Cap are a very handsome fowl with much the same characteristics as the Houdan but have an enormous comb or cap in place of the tuft of feathers. The Minorcas are also a general pur. pcse fowl in a way, being fair size and very good layers but carrying a little too much comb and wattles to suit me. Breeders of the Dorkings claim for tnem a high place among tusa m and general purpose fowl and they at least should receive some mention. I have never had any experience with them, but from what I have seen of them I think they would make a good market bird. The Best Crosses. At the Rhode Island experiment sta- tion some very interesting and valu- able experiments have been carried on in crossing thorough bred fowls of dif- ferent breeds for special purposes. I believe for egg production no cross has been found that can improve on the Leghorn and Hamburg. There they are very well satisfled with the Ccrnish Indian Game and LUght Brahma Crcss, both for broilers and market purposes. I have never tried that cross but can see no reason why the first cross should not be all right as the young birds are plump and uni- fcrm throughout. I would however say that as a general proposition I am very much opposed to the crossing of thorough-bred birds and only assent to the use of a thorough-bred male with a common flock of hens as one way to Improve the stock, but when thoroughbred birds or their eggs can a e D o g l a__ c n epL a s Au e _c A _ h A _A n b~e bought as cheaply as tMey can - day, the breeding up plan Is a slow and unsatisfactory way. Experiments We Have Kade. Mr. W. E. Dorland and myself at our fhrm at Chippewa Falls, known as the Mansfield Poultry Yards, have con- ducted for the past five or six years a series of experiments in crossing thor- oughbred fowls and have determined to our satisfaction at least that for spe- cial purposes or for general purposes the thoroughbred bird Is the most profitable, easiest to handle and gen- erally most satisfactory to raise. In support of that statement it will be necessary to digress slightly from our subject. Each distinct breed has cer- tEin characteristics peculiar to itself and they are so marked that the dilaf- r- ? 110 __-V_ I - - -11 - - WF~ ;- . _ __ ^__ -h Forgo _
Based on date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use, see http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright