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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing,   pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 44


WISCONSIN FPARMRS' NWITl
hood In which they are now grown
Thus It has come about that each ec.
tion of the country Into which yol
may go, each state in our own union,
each natural division in almost an]
other country have the same vazie
ties of apples that have grown up in
that immediate neighborhood, and
which are suited to the conditions
there, and it is to this feature of the
growth and origin, and particularly
of the development of the apple, that
I wish to call your attention, and
which I would emphasize. I know
that this statement is squarely oppo-
site to the generally received opinion,
and I know just as well as you do
down In your hearts, that it is true
that the generally received opinions
on many of these questions are not
based on scientific or practical facts.
You know, in your own experience,
that there are many things which are
taken for true that will not bear in-
vestigation, and I am quite sure that
this is one of them.
A Xistaken Idea.
Now, to be specific. There were in-
troduced into this country and have
been disseminated all over it at the
time of which I speak, some fifteen
years ago, a lot of varieties of apples
which would, it was claimed, take the
place of those which had proven not
sufficiently hardy to go through the
severe series of winters of which I
have spoken. These were of two dif-
ferent classes; they were those which
were said to have been originated
further north than this, and conse-
quently would be very hardy here,
and those which were brought from
countries far distant from this, in-
cluding eastern Europe. It was said
of these apples, when they were
brought here and introduced in Wis-
consin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois,
and other western states that they
had   originated  under  conditions
which would make them undoubtedly
valuable here, and so they were
planted, and over almost that entir
territory in which they were planted
there has been a vast amount of all-
ure and loss, and a great deal of dl.-
appointment. There has been brought
about a belief with many people that
there are no varieties of apples which
may be successfully grown her  It
seems to me that more of that trouble
than any other comes from having
done this thing which is unseientlfe
and Impractical, the bringing trees
from some distant climatic and soil
conditions and attempting to Intro-
duce them to our own conditions
with the expectation that they are go-
ing to be a great success.
Study Climatic Condition.
Those of you who have grown any
apples have no doubt observed the
great failure of which I speak, and
there is a proposition connected with
this which I wish to make, and which
I think will perikdp surprise you,
but which, if you will study into It,
you will find is true. It is this, that
this commonly accepted Idea or be-
lief that it you go to a certain dis-
trict, say in the extreme north, and
procure there certain varieties of
plants, and take them along way
south, that they will not only be
hardy, but they will be much more
hardy than if they stayed in ther
own neighborhood. The point that I
wish to make is this, that the oppo-
site is as likely to be true, as tat;
that in general you are as little
likely to find that tree which is hardy
in a certain locality is necessarily
hardy five hundred miles south of
that, as that It is hardy five hundred
miles north. That tree which Is ex-
acUqY adapted to stand the climatic
conditions here will not be any more
likely to stand the conditions In Ar-
kansas or Kentucky or some other
point five hundred miles south than
to take it five hundred miles north,
for hardiness is a comparative things
hardiness in one locality does not in-
44


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