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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Coe, R. J.
Raspberries,   pp. 37-42 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 40

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Mr. Kellogg-Does it do anything for
Mr. Coe-It does not help us any. 1
haven't seen any of their work for the
last two or three years, but for several
years before that, during the dry sea-
sons particularly, we had a great deal
of trouble with that insect. I suppose
you mean the one that bores little
holes along the side of the cane and
deposits its eggs. Of course they are
out of sight and it is very difficult to
get rid of them.
Mr. Loni-What variety of rasp-
berries do you find best for Wisconsin
Mr. Coe-I can name varieties that
do best with us; of the black rasp-
berries, the old varieties, Ohio and
Palmer and Older do best for us. Of
course the differences of climate and
of soil make a difference in the best
variety to use.
Question-What do you call the first
season; the year you set out your
Mr. Coe-Yes.
Question-Do you practice covering
for the winter?
Mr. Coe-We do not.
A Member-A year ago last fall I
covered mine and last spring I found
they were frozen, killed back very
badly. What was the cause?
Mr. Coe-That is a difficult question
to answer. It was a very dry winter
and the soil was very dry, so it would
freeze  as  hard   as  if  exposed
to   the   weather.   Where   mine
stood  up   through    the   winter
they wintered through and gave
us a very nice crop of fruit I think
that if you let them stop growing
during the season, and then cut out the
old canes and let the whole strength
of the root go into the canes, it makes
a second growth. and the 'first frost
catches them full of cap, and they fall
or winter kill.
A Lady-When do you cut out the
old wood?
Mr. Coe-Just as soon as the fruit is
picked, and we burn it.  That will
partly avoid this trouble you have
with the borer, because a good -a
of these insects have not come from
the cane at that time, and of course
all of them that have not are de-
Mr. Tobey-I believe that three-
fourths of the farmers of Wisconsin
cannot grow raspberries without giving
them winter protection. Kr. Coe has
covered the subject very thoroughly,
but in my experience in growing rasp-
berries in western Wisconsin, espe-
cially black raspberries, we have yet to
find two winters where they will go
through without being properly pro-
tected, and the next Bulletin, No. 11,
will treat of that subject I believe
that the farmer should be warned In
regard to winter protection. Many
farmers will sa that if they have to
lay down and protect their raspberries,
they won't grow them. The fact is,
that they can be cared for without any
more expense for half an acre than a
quarter of an acre. A man and boy
will lay down a half acre and give
them protection, in a day, easily, and
this insures the crop. I think  the
reason this gentleman's were winter
killed was because lost season was very
dry. On our plantation of many acres
a good many were winter killed.
There are varieties grown near the
lake that will winter kill in three
quarters of our state, so that I believe
in three quarters of our state we must
protect them.
Mr. Loni-In the vicinity of Appleton
I have raised raspberries, and I have
found that by proper trimming at the
proper time of the year, we have been
more successful not to lay down either
the black raspberry or the blackberry.
I know that two or three winters ago
I took particular pains with my black-
berries and raspberries by laying them
down, and the next season I had no
crop at all. I believe that we let the
cane grow too long, most of us, and
that if we will follow Mr. Coe's sug-
gestions, and properly trim, we will
have better success.
Mr. Reed-Mr. Tobey, at what time
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