Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Coe, R. J.
Raspberries, pp. 37-42 PDF (1.7 MB)
m -r , r-nr ' r_ - -m ' .. 7 , WISCONSIN FARK EBBR INSITUT Mr. Kellogg-Does it do anything for you? Mr. Coe-It does not help us any. 1 haven't seen any of their work for the last two or three years, but for several years before that, during the dry sea- sons particularly, we had a great deal of trouble with that insect. I suppose you mean the one that bores little holes along the side of the cane and deposits its eggs. Of course they are out of sight and it is very difficult to get rid of them. Mr. Loni-What variety of rasp- berries do you find best for Wisconsin soil? Mr. Coe-I can name varieties that do best with us; of the black rasp- berries, the old varieties, Ohio and Palmer and Older do best for us. Of course the differences of climate and of soil make a difference in the best variety to use. Question-What do you call the first season; the year you set out your plants? Mr. Coe-Yes. Question-Do you practice covering for the winter? Mr. Coe-We do not. A Member-A year ago last fall I covered mine and last spring I found they were frozen, killed back very badly. What was the cause? Mr. Coe-That is a difficult question to answer. It was a very dry winter and the soil was very dry, so it would freeze as hard as if exposed to the weather. Where mine stood up through the winter they wintered through and gave us a very nice crop of fruit I think that if you let them stop growing during the season, and then cut out the old canes and let the whole strength of the root go into the canes, it makes a second growth. and the 'first frost catches them full of cap, and they fall or winter kill. A Lady-When do you cut out the old wood? Mr. Coe-Just as soon as the fruit is picked, and we burn it. That will partly avoid this trouble you have with the borer, because a good -a of these insects have not come from the cane at that time, and of course all of them that have not are de- strored. Mr. Tobey-I believe that three- fourths of the farmers of Wisconsin cannot grow raspberries without giving them winter protection. Kr. Coe has covered the subject very thoroughly, but in my experience in growing rasp- berries in western Wisconsin, espe- cially black raspberries, we have yet to find two winters where they will go through without being properly pro- tected, and the next Bulletin, No. 11, will treat of that subject I believe that the farmer should be warned In regard to winter protection. Many farmers will sa that if they have to lay down and protect their raspberries, they won't grow them. The fact is, that they can be cared for without any more expense for half an acre than a quarter of an acre. A man and boy will lay down a half acre and give them protection, in a day, easily, and this insures the crop. I think the reason this gentleman's were winter killed was because lost season was very dry. On our plantation of many acres a good many were winter killed. There are varieties grown near the lake that will winter kill in three quarters of our state, so that I believe in three quarters of our state we must protect them. Mr. Loni-In the vicinity of Appleton I have raised raspberries, and I have found that by proper trimming at the proper time of the year, we have been more successful not to lay down either the black raspberry or the blackberry. I know that two or three winters ago I took particular pains with my black- berries and raspberries by laying them down, and the next season I had no crop at all. I believe that we let the cane grow too long, most of us, and that if we will follow Mr. Coe's sug- gestions, and properly trim, we will have better success. Mr. Reed-Mr. Tobey, at what time 0 F. If. 5.f __- _~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ l") g - l |
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