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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Coe, R. J.
Raspberries,   pp. 37-42 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 39

t do this of course the plant goeson results at first, but we do not consider
and develops its berries and seed just the bad effects of the yearS foflowing.
the Me, but it does this at the ex- If I  had  a raspberry patch and was
pte    of   the new cane; they  get a about to discontinue it, and had the
Ohe"k, 0o  their growth toae gtex   mulch, I would use it; but if
had a
thet, and then late     th  season, plantation I was going to keep year
when   we ome to take out the  old cane, after year I would not use it, because
they saert a newa growth which does I want the roots down in the soil.
not get rit g f the growth  haa been s Mr. Tobey-You don't pinch off the
kept right along, the new canes have  red raspberry?
ade a strong growth and will ripen    Mr. Coo-Tbat depends upon th ea
up their wood for winter and will riety. The Cuthbert we do pinch off,
stand a good deal of cold weather and but as a rule, not the red raspberry.
come out in spring In good condition. Mr. Corse-Do you put the new plant
AS soon as the fruit is picked, we right in the same hill?
take out the old canes and burn them, Mr. Coe-Oh, no. I start in new soil
and allow  the whole strength Of the entirely.
plant to go into the next year's growth, Mr. Corse-What kind of an imple-
and then you may stop your cultiva- ment do you use for cultivation?
tion and allow the balance of the sea-  Mr. Coe-The Planet Junior cultiva-
son for the canes to get ripe. In this tor-it is one of the new ones. It
way they get a full gxowth and when what they call a rake attachment-a
the frosts come they are not  full of concern made of iron and steel rods,
green sp.                          which run  behind the cultivator and
drags the surface over level; you don't
DISUSSIMON.              have to cultivate more than half an
Mr. Smith-How many canes would inch if you don't want to, and with this
you leave in the hill?            rake attachment you can gauge it very
(Mr. Coe-In the case of Black Caps, nicely.
when they are young, they hardly ever Mr. Scott-Please explain how you
grow more canes then they can take trim off in the fall.
care of-three or four canes in the hill Mr. Coe-We do not trim off in the
- but when the plant begins to get fall, but in the spring; we cut back the
weat nd old, then the tendency is to branches, half or more. I have been
grow weaker canes and more of them. asked how long we should leave the
At that time, of course, we want to side arms. Well, of course you cannot
have new  glants to take their places say fifteen or eighteen inches or two
and dig up the old ones. About five feet, because some canes are very much
yeas is the usual life of the plant.  stronger than others, and are capable
Mir. Brlggs-WhJ not mulch instead of carrying a much larger crop of fruit.
of rultivating?                    The best rule I know is to cut the side
Mr. Coo-The object of cultivating is branches at the highest point of the
to prevent the weeds growing and hold bend; that is the point that they be-
moisture. Of course the mulch holds gin to drop down towards the ground
moisture, but   it  holds  it just again. Your strong canes will then
at the surface, and the roots of the have long arms and your weak canes
plant will go where the moisture is, short arms, and in this way you gange
consequently the roots will be at the it by the strength of the cane.
top of the soil, and when the dra Lady-What do you do with the
weather comes, or when it pae               borer?
through another winter, then our cane Mr. Coe-We do not do anything
SUfa  in consequence.  The trouble That is one of the hard problems Of
with lulehing is we always see good raspberry growing.

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