Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Scott, L. E.
Saving fertility, pp. 28-36 PDF (2.3 MB)
WISCONSIN FARMERS' INSTITUTE. found that the loss was sixty-two per cent., or an average of fifty-two per cent. In the two seasons, more than half of its value. Now, the question for us to settle is this-will we lose anything like that amount if we spread it upon the surface of our fields. If we lose more, then perhaps it would not be good policy. Mr. Briggs-When Mr. Scott spreads this manure on the surface, does he plow it under in the spring, or does he take off a crop of grass or pasture that one season? Mr. Scott-With fairly fine ma- nure we produce good results upon the grass crop, but my practice has generally been to plow it under for corn or potatoes; I have done both, however, and have had good results from both practices. Mr. Lyman-Have you ever had good results from manuring your clover and plowing It after you take a crop of clover off of it with a suc- cessive crop of corn? Mr. Scott-Yes. Mr. Arnold-I get the best re- sults by hauling out the manure whenever I have it, all that I can, but we make so much of it that we can- not haul it out at all times of the year, so all there is left in the barn- yard is put in piles. We square the sides of this and make it as solid as possible, and then put that out In the fall of the year on winter wheat, thereby starting a good crop of clover. I maintain that if there is any time that clover needs help, like a young animal, it is when it is young, so that it can get a good, long root, and get well started. I never yet had a failure of a crop handled in that way. Manure the clover and then the rest of the crops will take care of themselves. The Chairman-Mr. Arnold made one good point with reference to the coarse manure upon the farm. We all have considerable manure from the littAr that In n1led in the yard in the spring-straw and bits of stalk. Now, that is not in fit shape to plow under, and if it b firmly piled up and nicely rquared, it will give satisfactory re- sults. First, put up the coarse stalk., straw and such things, apply a lttle land plaster, and keep it piled up. I think it is better to get It out of the yard entirely. Mr. Arnold-Do you not have trou- ble in heating In that way? The Chairman-No; the land plas- ter tends to neutralize that; apply lib- erally of land plaster. Mr. Scott-If Mr. C. P. Goodrich were present I think he would my that he applies such manure to his pasture land. A Member-Mr. Goodrich doen't do any yard feeding, and I don't see any occasion for having It In the yard. Supt. McKerrow-You must not for- get the sheep man. He must have a good large yard for the sheep. The Chairman-And the steer man, too. Mr. Convey-I think that where you have yards adjacent to the told it is a good deal better to let youm stock exercise on the land where you expect to raise the crop, and you will see that that land will be very much enriched. It is better than to keep the stock in a small yard. Supt. McKerrow-We will accept your amendment except for sheep; for two or three muddy weeks you must have them In the yard. The Chairman-About the cow, too, it Is possible that a cow cannot be turned into the field in the spring sometimes, but I do like to have my cows in the yard, enclosed by a tight fence, lying in that yard very deep In the straw; It may not be the best way, but it is what I have practiced. Mr. Convey-Mr. Scott said that barnyard manure compared favorably with commercial fertilizers in regard to the fertility, and he might also have spoken more of the humus Xo- U own wow to
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