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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Scott, L. E.
Saving fertility,   pp. 28-36 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 33


DISCU SSION.                        3S
far less than if spread upon fallow f of some of our ground the accumula-
ground.                           tion of water and ice occurs and if
Mr. Wicker-But you see I have we spread the manure we will lose a
considerable land plowed, and there great deal of fertility, even the level
would be some portions where I portions the water washes away. We
wanted to get a stand of clover, and I believe in applying it on almost all
followed that plan of spreading it on kinds of soil and all kinds of situa-
the ground where the land would be tions excepting when the ground is
plowed.                           hard frozen.
Supt. McKerrow-Ldt me put it a    Mr. Reed-When     the ground  is
little differently. Supposing you had hard frozen, if you want to use that
no grass land to put it on, but had ground for early crop will there not
these plowed hillsides, would you be some danger of the manure hold-
leave it in the yard, or haul it out? ing the frost in the ground and de-
Mr. Scott-I would prefer putting laying the crop?
it on the side hills to leaving it in the  Mr. Scott-I think  there might
be
yard. I would put it there and plow  if the manure is coarse.
it under as quickly as I could.     Mr. Robbins-The ground of this
The Chairman-Wouldn't it be a country is always hard frozen during
good plan to harrow it in?        the winter, and I have found, con-
Mr. Scott-Yes.                   trary to the teachings that I had
Supt. McKerrow-How     many   of when I was a boy in the old country,
these gentlemen have practiced haul- that it was necessary to plow up and
ing out and spreading manure at all down, something of a trench-that it
times of the year? I see twenty or is  better  to  have  the  ground
twenty-five hands. Now, how many plowed so that the water would
who have practiced it feel satisfied  not drain off easily, plowing along
that it is the best plan? The same the hills instead of up and down. Of
number, I see.  Are there any here course, with a very steep hill it might
who are not satisfied that. it is the not work so well, but I have found
it
best plan  after having tried  it? very advantageous for me to put the
There is one. Now, tell us why you manure from  the barn   onto the
are not satisfied.                ground in the winter, even when the
Mr. Anderson-I put it out just ground is frozen, and even upon
about this time and the land was plowed land, if it was plowed so that
watersoaked, as it is now, and there it would retain the moisture.
was frost; after that we had a snow  Mr. Scott-I wish to emphasize the
storm and a big thaw and the water point made regarding the loss of ma-
from the manure ran right for the nure that is left in the  barnyard.
ditches and my crop was no better.  Prof. Roberts, of Cornell, tried a two
Supt. McKerrow-That was your years' experiment, analyzing each
bad experience, as against the good day's product as it was piled in the
experience of several others.  We yard; he had it piled in as compact a
like the bad stories, as well as the form  as practicable, about three
good ones.                        feet deep with square sides, and then
Mr. Kellogg-We are hauling out after leaving it in the pile six months
our manure and spreading it, except- this manure was hauled to the field,
ing at this time when the ground is each load analyzed, and it was found
frozen so that it cannot leach Into the that in those six months it had lost
soil at all, and we are piling the ma- forty-two per cent. This was a very
nure to spread later. We have no- dry season  The next season he re-
ticed that on the most level portions peated the saMe experimept and ho
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