Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Scott, L. E.
Saving fertility, pp. 28-36 PDF (2.3 MB)
DISCU SSION. 3S far less than if spread upon fallow f of some of our ground the accumula- ground. tion of water and ice occurs and if Mr. Wicker-But you see I have we spread the manure we will lose a considerable land plowed, and there great deal of fertility, even the level would be some portions where I portions the water washes away. We wanted to get a stand of clover, and I believe in applying it on almost all followed that plan of spreading it on kinds of soil and all kinds of situa- the ground where the land would be tions excepting when the ground is plowed. hard frozen. Supt. McKerrow-Ldt me put it a Mr. Reed-When the ground is little differently. Supposing you had hard frozen, if you want to use that no grass land to put it on, but had ground for early crop will there not these plowed hillsides, would you be some danger of the manure hold- leave it in the yard, or haul it out? ing the frost in the ground and de- Mr. Scott-I would prefer putting laying the crop? it on the side hills to leaving it in the Mr. Scott-I think there might be yard. I would put it there and plow if the manure is coarse. it under as quickly as I could. Mr. Robbins-The ground of this The Chairman-Wouldn't it be a country is always hard frozen during good plan to harrow it in? the winter, and I have found, con- Mr. Scott-Yes. trary to the teachings that I had Supt. McKerrow-How many of when I was a boy in the old country, these gentlemen have practiced haul- that it was necessary to plow up and ing out and spreading manure at all down, something of a trench-that it times of the year? I see twenty or is better to have the ground twenty-five hands. Now, how many plowed so that the water would who have practiced it feel satisfied not drain off easily, plowing along that it is the best plan? The same the hills instead of up and down. Of number, I see. Are there any here course, with a very steep hill it might who are not satisfied that. it is the not work so well, but I have found it best plan after having tried it? very advantageous for me to put the There is one. Now, tell us why you manure from the barn onto the are not satisfied. ground in the winter, even when the Mr. Anderson-I put it out just ground is frozen, and even upon about this time and the land was plowed land, if it was plowed so that watersoaked, as it is now, and there it would retain the moisture. was frost; after that we had a snow Mr. Scott-I wish to emphasize the storm and a big thaw and the water point made regarding the loss of ma- from the manure ran right for the nure that is left in the barnyard. ditches and my crop was no better. Prof. Roberts, of Cornell, tried a two Supt. McKerrow-That was your years' experiment, analyzing each bad experience, as against the good day's product as it was piled in the experience of several others. We yard; he had it piled in as compact a like the bad stories, as well as the form as practicable, about three good ones. feet deep with square sides, and then Mr. Kellogg-We are hauling out after leaving it in the pile six months our manure and spreading it, except- this manure was hauled to the field, ing at this time when the ground is each load analyzed, and it was found frozen so that it cannot leach Into the that in those six months it had lost soil at all, and we are piling the ma- forty-two per cent. This was a very nure to spread later. We have no- dry season The next season he re- ticed that on the most level portions peated the saMe experimept and ho 3
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