Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Scott, L. E.
Saving fertility, pp. 28-36 PDF (2.3 MB)
SAVING FERTILITY. 31 the utmost importance. Farms in tons of bran purchased with the pro- the older portions of the state from ceed, after deducting 25 per cent. that which the most grain has been sold, the cows would extract in process of are beginning to present a sad con- digestion, would still give the farm trst to adjoining farms where stock $312 worth of fertility at market growing or dairying has been the prices. Again, deducting 25 per cent. leading industry. and upon which the from the extra 52,000 pounds of skim products of the farm have been more milk, we would have $34 more from largely fed. But with all our care that source, and while owing to many nothing can fully compensate for the contingencies the absolute value of annual outgo, but to bring back to manures can never be determined, it is our farms fertility from some other safe to say that the manure from this source than from the products of our forty tons of bran, if carefully saved farms. I believe commercial fer- and applied, would supply the farm tilisers to be too expensive to corres- with as much fertility as $346 would pond with the present prices of farm purchase In the form of commercial products in the west. The hauling of fertilizers. stable manure, from the village or Handling Xanures. city, cannot be thought of except by It would seem then that so long the comparative few who live within as we can purchase bran or linseed a limited radius therefrom. meal from Minnesota or the Dakotas, How, then, are we to balance our or cotton seed products from the account with our soil? It is south, and can get first cost or more, plain that to do this we must put in the milk pall, or from stock grown, back as much as we take from it, but that it would be wiser for us to add it is unnecessary that it be of the this fertility to our farms, than to see same money value, or of the same it go to enrich the lands of Europe. form. We see by the chart that at But after once obtained, the saving the market price of commercial fertil- and applying this manure are matters izers a ton of butter ccntains but 42 which demand our consideration. cts. worth of fertility, while a ton of Our varied practices upon the farm wheat bran contains $10.41 worth. are too frequently impelled by ca- Now a ton of butter at 16 cts. a pound pricious notion, prejudice or mis- would purchase forty tons of bran at taken idea, instead of being founded $8 per ton. Forty tons of bran upon scientific knowledge and care- judiciously fed to good dairy cows, In fully tried experiment. And in noth- connection with other feeds grown ing Is this more manifest than in the upon the farm, should produce one. handling of manures. Men still con- and one-half tons of butter more than tinue to leave manure in the yard all the other feeds would produce with- summer to rot, knowing full well out It. Figuring upon a basis of 5 that they are losing the use of it per cent. milk, this would mean an for a year, and in the face of the fact extra fifty-two thousand pounds of that even when piled in the most ap- skim milk. proved form it will, upon the aver- It is not my purpose to discuss the age, lose more than half its value if profits of this extra amount of butter allowed to remain there six months or skim milk, more than to merely in the summer season. If spread out mention the fact that the farmer may over the surface of the yard the loss at least get pay for the first cost and would be even greater. extra labor, and that while the ton of butter sold has carried with it but 42 Saving and Applying Manures. cents worth of fertility, the forty While the loss from these piles has T , -, .' -, , -" - ! - , I " 7 - I
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