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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Glover, A. J.
Silage and alfalfa for dairy cows and their values as compared to other crops,   pp. 91-96 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 95

Wisconsin Dairymen's Association.
A Member: How Is alfalfa for horse feed?
Mr. Glover: Horses may be fed alfalfa in limited amounts. In the
West, livery horses, work horses, both farm and city, receive alfalfa
hay entirely. But If you attempt to feed them as much alfalfa as
you do timothy, you are apt to have kidney trouble.
Mr. Goodrich: My oldest son's horses have had no other roughage
than alfalfa for as much as ten years and their grain is corn, and
now the horses have all the alfalfa they want to eat.
Mr. Everett: I don't like the way the growing of alfalfa has been
left before the farmers in this convention. The farmers of Rock
county want to know how to grow alfalfa. They are not going to
Kansas for soils or into the quarries for lime. They can do it without
cost, right on their own farms. You can tell them how to do it with-
out sending away for any special preparation for inoculating the soil.
Mr. Glover: I did speak of sweet clover. Undoubtedly there is
soil right here that will grow alfalfa without doing anything to it.
When I speak about adding lime to your soil, I assume that the
soil is acid and acid soil needs lime. I have simply mentioned what
must be done to put the soil in the right condition for growing al-
falfa. You can't grow alfalfa on land unless it is inoculated. I will
qualify that. If your land is very rich in nitrogen the plant will
live on the nitrogen that is in the soil, but to force the alfalfa to re-
ceive its nitrogen from the soil is not wise. You want the plant to
bring the nitrogen out of the air and enrich the soil. If your land
is not already inoculated, and you have sweet clover in your neigh-
borhood, I would advise you to put four or five hundred pounds
on an acre and disk it in just before seeding. I would not take the
chances of trying to get along without inoculation, and I would not
take the chances of the soil being sour.
A Member: How deep do you have to dig with the shovel to get
the Inoculation?
Mr. Glover: You can go down a foot, but if you take off the first
six inches it will be better.
Mr. Emery: I know of a farm where the soil is clay loam, it has
been well fertilized by barnyard manure. The young man, in sowing
timothy and clover, has mixed in from year to year a small amount
of alfalfa seed. This year being very dry I have observed on this field
of about fifteen acres where there was only one crop taken off, that,
in the latter part of the season all over this field were alfalfa plants
from a foot to a foot and a half high,-scattered plants, not enough

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