Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests
Scribner, E. H.
Address to young men taking part in the boys' judging contest, pp. 28-35 PDF (1.8 MB)
Wisconsin Dairymnen's Association. sign she hasn't quite enough strength in constitution, but I do want the shoulder bone to show it is there, sticking up a little through the shoulder. And I want it to be well sprung, I want it to come down in a wedge shape. The cow is wedge-shaped in three ways. She is wedge-shaped over the shoulders, looking down; from front, looking back sideways; also from a side view looking from front to rear. I have spent some time talking about the constitution. Now, the working capacity of a cow is something to be considered very carefully. This wide, strong muzzle indicates a good feeder. Whenever I go into a barn to look at a newly born calf, I look first at the cairs head, and if it has a little, small, narrow nose, I say "There is a calf that never will have a good constitution or be a good feeder." If a calf is going to make a good cow, she has to be a good feeder. It was my privilege a while ago to be in Denver, Colorado. I saw there a herd of 150 cows. The owner said to me, "Will you please pick out the best cow in the barn." Well, I looked at their beautiful udders and their great big capacity of stomach, and then I went round in front and looked at their heads, and I came across a cow that had a very wide mouth, and I said "I think I have got her right here. I I think when that cow goes through your field of grass she will mow a swath like a mower." He says, "Yes, that is the best cow I have in the barn." So I like to see a cow with a good nose, a good wide mouth and right behind her mouth I want a good strong muscular jaw. Now, why do we want that kind of a jaw? For this reason. A good proportion of our feeds we want to grow on our own farms-that is the roughage feeds, because they are the economical feeds that form the foundation of all our balanced rations, and it takes a strong, muscular jaw to masticate this coarse roughage. Sometimes with this wide, deep, muscular jaw, goes a meaty neck, and we don't want that; we want a thin, clear-cut neck, rather a long neck because where we have a short neck we have a short meaty body back of it. The dairy cow is not a meat producing animal. So we want to see this cleanness of the neck, clean-cut in the throat, and clean over the shoulder. When I find a cow that is broad over the shoulders like a beef animal, I am sure that cow was not intended for dairy work. In the beef animal, the circulation of blood is heavier where the greatest amount of work is done, and that is on the top line, above this horizontal line, drawn through the body of the cow. That cow's work Is to lay on flesh and this broad back is made for that identical purpose. - 31
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