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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Scribner, E. H.
Address to young men taking part in the boys' judging contest,   pp. 28-35 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 31

Wisconsin Dairymnen's Association.
sign she hasn't quite enough strength in constitution, but I do want
the shoulder bone to show it is there, sticking up a little through the
shoulder. And I want it to be well sprung, I want it to come down
in a wedge shape. The cow is wedge-shaped in three ways. She is
wedge-shaped over the shoulders, looking down; from front, looking
back sideways; also from a side view looking from front to rear. I
have spent some time talking about the constitution.
Now, the working capacity of a cow is something to be considered
very carefully. This wide, strong muzzle indicates a good feeder.
Whenever I go into a barn to look at a newly born calf, I look first
at the cairs head, and if it has a little, small, narrow nose, I say
"There is a calf that never will have a good constitution or be a good
feeder." If a calf is going to make a good cow, she has to be a good
It was my privilege a while ago to be in Denver, Colorado. I saw
there a herd of 150 cows. The owner said to me, "Will you please pick
out the best cow  in the barn."  Well, I looked at their beautiful
udders and their great big capacity of stomach, and then I went round
in front and looked at their heads, and I came across a cow that had
a very wide mouth, and I said "I think I have got her right here. I
I think when that cow goes through your field of grass she will mow
a swath like a mower." He says, "Yes, that is the best cow I have
in the barn."
So I like to see a cow with a good nose, a good wide mouth and right
behind her mouth I want a good strong muscular jaw. Now, why do
we want that kind of a jaw?
For this reason. A good proportion of our feeds we want to grow
on our own farms-that is the roughage feeds, because they are the
economical feeds that form the foundation of all our balanced rations,
and it takes a strong, muscular jaw to masticate this coarse roughage.
Sometimes with this wide, deep, muscular jaw, goes a meaty neck, and
we don't want that; we want a thin, clear-cut neck, rather a long neck
because where we have a short neck we have a short meaty body back
of it. The dairy cow is not a meat producing animal. So we want to
see this cleanness of the neck, clean-cut in the throat, and clean over
the shoulder. When I find a cow that is broad over the shoulders like
a beef animal, I am sure that cow was not intended for dairy work.
In the beef animal, the circulation of blood is heavier where the
greatest amount of work is done, and that is on the top line, above
this horizontal line, drawn through the body of the cow. That cow's
work Is to lay on flesh and this broad back is made for that identical

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