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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-first annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Fond du Lac, Wis., February 11, 12 and 13, 1903. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

[Inquiry about Durham cows],   pp. 46-58 PDF (3.2 MB)

Page 54

54           Thi4y-first Antual Report of the 
hear this talk constantly, the farmers hear it, and many of them 
don't know what it means. Many good, honest farmers come 
to me and they say to me, "We don't know what you mean by 
the terms you use." We must remember, as Professor Elnery 
has said, that 95 out of every 100 of the farmers in the United 
States have never received any schooling other than what they 
got in the little school houses at the cross roads. Your humble 
servant stands here aq one who got just that kind of schooling, 
and never anything better than what he got in the little back- 
woodsS, country school house. It is necessary to know the mean- 
ing of terms. I have a hired man, a German, and I have been 
much impressed with his judgment I said to him one day, 
"What is the matter with that piece of land over therel" 
Well he replied: "Das land got no humus." I was astonished 
to hear that word "humus" because it is a seientific term, and
said, "John, what do you know about humus?" "Ach, I learn
dna at school way back in Germany." Tle German government 
took hold of that boy and taught him the meaning of such words. 
I asked him what he meant by humus, and John says, "Humus 
is decayed vegetable matter. That is all gone out of that land." 
He says, "It holds the waser in the land" And when he said 
that he referred to great scientific truths. He said, "Plants 
don't eat, they drink." The food that comes to every plant has 
got to come to it in liquid form, and when the water is taken out 
of the land, the plants cannot grow, and this black humus is 
necessary in the land to hold water. 
Now, these men write to me, "'I can't tell what you mean by 
carbohydrates It is all Greek to me. What do you mean by 
protein ? Let me know what you mean." Earnest souls, seek- 
ing the light. So we prepared a little dictionary, called a "glos- 
sary," explaining the terms that we use. Now, what is the 
meaning of the term "balanced ration ?" The cow has got to 
give a balanced product, that is, milk, and she can't help her- 
self. That milk she makes for her calf for food, it must be 
balanced for that calf. Now, she cannot make an abundance of 
that balanced product-milk-if you are not wise enough to 
give her rightly balanced food, that she may in turn give you 
back a balanced product, which she does not intend for you, but 

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