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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Eleventh annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Elk-horn, Wis., January 31, and February 1 and 2, 1883. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests
(1883)

Smith, Hiram
How to make good dairy farms worth one hundred dollars per acre,   pp. 49-55 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 52

 
52          EIzmur     ANNAL REPOrT OF THE 
that a good herd of COWS coming into milk in September, Oc- 
tober and November, will, on the average, give from 4,500 
to 5,000 pounds per cow annually. This milk is worth to 
sell at the factory or to manufacture into butter and cheese, 
$1.30 per 100 pounds, or $58.50 average for each cow. 
On a total from 40coorws....... ..................0.............. $, 0 s
FromthesbelotCalves ................................    80 00 
Prom the mae of hogs .......................240 00 
Total receipts............................................ $S, 00 
IXP,5 QNUALLY 
To interest onl10 acres at $100 per acre, at 5 per cent ..........* $90000
Interest on stock and imbne , $8,000 ....................................
 150 00 
For hined help, four nuen andi one gir............. .....................................
=0 so 
For proviiom not raised on the farm ............. ...........  1600 00 
For sotons of bran ...........................................  0ao 00 
For eight tons of oil meal ........................................... 180
00 
For taxes ................................................. 0 025 0 
For repairs and blacksmith work ..............................  120 00 
For salt and plaster and grams eed ..............................  85 00
Total..................................................... p,mSW 00 
It will be seen that " Modern Dairy Farming," enables us 
to increase the expense for hired help, $440; for concentrated 
feed, $420; and to pay an additional interest of 840. 
In other words, dairy farming with one cow to eight acres 
on 150 acres produces $1,160. Modern dairy farming with 
one cow to four acres produces $2,660, an increase of $1,500 
by the outlay of $860 for feed and help, a net profit of 640, 
a sum amply sufficient to raise the price of land from $50 per 
acre to $100 per acre. A fundamental condition of success- 
ful dairy farming is large crops of corn, not less than two 
acres of fodder and four acres of field corn to every ten 
cows, or a total of twenty-four acres for forty cows. All 
the manure of the farm should be evenly placed on this 
twenty-four acres during the winter, and the land plowed 
just previous to the tenth of May and thoroughly harrowed, 
the corn planted immediately thereafter with a horse drill, 
the rows three and one-half feet apart and the kernels from 
seven to nine inches apart and cultivated twice before the 
corn comes up with a fine tooth harrow and frequently 
thereafter with cultivator until the tenth of July, at which 
time, if the work has been honestly done, it will be free frhm 


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